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Labor Questions, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2505, 30 August 1890
[per press association.]
London, August 28 to 29
Shaw Savill have arranged to coal their steamers at the Cape instead of' at Hobart.
The dockers protested against the Union refusing to|pay strike allowance to men who left work m the recent Tilbury strike.
Southampton employers have refused to recognise the officials of the Dockers' Union, though they are willing to grant the men's demands
Great enthusiasm was displayed at a meeting of riverside workmen. Burns says defeat m Australia means defeat m England.
Intense interest is taken m the proceedings of the Trades Congress on Monday, when it is expected there will be a struggle between old and new Unionism. The Associated Shipowners are determined to oppose any attempt to compel officers to join the Unions at •ny cost, and will cordially uphold the action of the colonial shipowners.
It is expected that £10,000 to £20,000 will be cabled to the Australian strikers during the course of the next fortnight.
An opinion is prevalent that the time is at hand when capitalists must choose between the trade unions and civil war.
Washington, August 28. The chances of a settlement of the Central Railway dispute are improving, and it is asserted that the influence of the Knights of Labor is steadily on the wane.
New York, August 28. Grand Master Workman Powderly has been accused by Barry, a member of the Executive of the Knights of Labor, with privately receiving £2000 from a !New York stockbroker, to supply early news of the settlement of the strike, after the Executive had refused the offer.
Sydney, August 29. (|The crews of the Tarawera, Hauroto, Taieri, and Ohau remain on the vessels, and decline either to leave or do a hand's turn. The cooks and stewards of these steamers have been subjected to a good deal of pressure by the local Society, but decline to act without instructions from the New Zealand Society. A number of test cases have been instituted by seamen against one or two Companies, claiming wages which owners declined to pay when the men struck. Melbourne, August 29. Government intend to call out 200 mounted riflemen m case of emergency. At seven o'clock to-night no gas was available m the city. The officers of the Company are at the works assisting m making gas.
! Wellington, August 29. The Government are firmly resolved not to interfere m the labor dispute, but are equally determined to prevent any disturbances or violence, and to protect the freedom of all labor, whether Union or non-union. Careful arrangements have been made wiqb this object, and any attempts at intimidation or rough usage will be promptly and sharply dealt with. The Union Company's clerks express willingness to assist m discharging the steamer Wairarapa on her arrival. Applications have been received from all partl! of the colony for portions of the cargo of coal which the steamer Bagley is bringing from Newcastle. None, however, have been acceded to, as the shipment is intended for Nelson Bro.'s freezing works at Gisborne and Napier. Both the Takapuna, for South, and the Kanieri, for Blenheim, manned with non-Union crews, sailed this afternoon, the nonunionists being kept below until the vessels were clear of the wharf. The Doric is keeping her refrigerators working by coal supplied by the Union Company. At noon the work of coaling the Dorki ceased, the Lumpers' Union declining to handle any of the Union Company's" coal. Negotiations proceeded between the agent of Shaw, Savill, and Albion Company and the Lumpers' Union, and the boycott was removed. The Wharf Carters and Expressmen's Unicn decline to handle any goods m connection with the Union Company's vessels. Laery and Co. report prices for the week :—Potatoes, 80s to 90s per ton ; oats, 2s 3d ; pollard, 90s ; bran, 70s; chaff, 85s ; oatmeal, £12 ; wheat, 3s 6d ; flour, roller, £12 10s; wheatmeal, £12 10s ; cheese, 4d ; eggs, 8d to lOd ; onions,. £15 nominal. They express the opinion that there will be no scarcity of the leading lines of food m any of the centres of population, as they all have back country to draw from. The Gas Company have only three weeks' supply of coal. They had a very large stock of coke, but m the last three days sold 300 tons, and expected all would be sold to-morrow. The Pbiiguin was to have left at seven for NeAV Plymouth and the passengers were on board ; but, shortly before that honr, all the seamen and firemen on the steamer struck work, without notice, and left. The steamer is stuck up m consequence. Blenheim, August 29. The Union Company shipped a nonUnion crew for the Kanieri last night. They went over to Wellington as passengers, and will commence work when the Union crew go out to-day. The agent had no difficulty m getting hands, and has received a large number of applications for employment. Last night the halyards of the Company s flag-pole, at their office, were cut to pieces. Business is depressed, and coal and produce generally are greatly on the rise. Greymouth, August 29. | The Union Company have risen freights for this port 50 per cent. All New Zealand produce is getting very short. It is estimated that the stock of flour and horse feed will be exhausted m a fortnight. Sugar, potatoes, butter, and other lines have considerably increased m price. There is a general rush on the merchants by townspeople and others to lay m as large a stock of supplies as possible, but the merchants decline to execute, trying to eke out their stocks as much as possible m the interests of the general body of customers. If no supplies are received within a fortnight great scarcity of food products must ensue. Efforts were made yesterday to try to clean the market out of horse feed and flour, but met with only limited success. Three different parties are now bringing m coal for sale from Nine Mile ; it is generally considered the best coal ever used here for domestic purposes. Dunedin, August 29. A meeting of the various Trades Unions has been convened by the Trades and Labour Council and Maritime Council for Monday, to consider the difficulty. Kempthorne, Prosscr and Co. have announced that the shareholders have decided to declare no dividend, owing to the unsettled, state of trade. The wharf laborers to-day struck work m discharging the Te Anau's cargo, although it vrna understood last evening that all inward cargo would be discharged. The fruiterers who had fruit on board went down and landed their own material.
The Union Company's clerks turned to aftervvawLj, and did excellent work m turning out cargo. To-morrow eight young fellows, 'menilera of the Otago rlowing Club, take a turn at discharging c-in.ro. Tt is understood that the Union Company couldgetfree "labour,"but they do not want to start that until all their plans are laid.
Nothing is to be got as to the private meeting of employers, which was adjourned to next week, nor as to the meeting of merchants, but it is understood that the latter will insist on their s foremen leaving the Union or going on strike. There is no excitement at all ab the wharves. Jri view of the possible strike of carter, several merchants who have farms and stations have sent to these for horses and drays. Several brass and iron and woodware factories will only work part time next work. The men employed at the Hillside workshops and m the way and works department received notice yesterday that until farther instructions were received their services would be required for only thirty-two hours per week, On 'Monday, .Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. Mr Millar, Secretary of the Maritime Council, declines to supply the slightest information as to labour matters. To every question put he replies that he knows nothing. At a meeting of railway servants, halfpay was voted to driver Nelson, who was suspended a month ago. It was resolved to start a levy of half a day's pay per man per month, m aid of the seamen on strike at next pay d»y.
Auckland, August 29 The crew of the Pukaki struck work this afternoon while the steamer was loading afc the Sugar Works at Chelsea. A non-union crew was, however, engaged, and the vessel leaves to-night for Russell. The railway traffic on the Auckland line continues as usual, but the men at the Newmarktt workshops are working only four days a week.
It is stated that the food supply at present m Auckland could hardly last longer than a week. This calculation is based upon what is m the city alone. Coal is m brisk demand.
Westport, August 29. A meeting of citizens was numerously attended. Leading merchants said there was only three weeks' supply of food m Westport, and one week's at Denniston, An Association, to be called the Chamber of Commerce, was formed, and a committee was appointed to collect information as to the best steps to take to meet the present emergency, and to report to another public meeting. All railway wages men have been given a fortnight's notice. A general strike of railway hands is feared.
The Mawhera will probably succeed m getting loaded by the U.S S. Co.'s office hands, assisted by several townspeople. The.Mahinapua is doubtful. The. Manawatu is expected at 2 o'clock with nonUnion labor, and great interest is attached to her. The town is all excitement.
At 1 p.m. four railway workshop hands were put on to load theMawhera. At 2 the president of the local Railway Servants' Association called them out. They immediately knocked off work, and were suspended. The Mawhera will sail with her present cargo. The seamen refused to trim• coal, while the solitary "free laborer " was employed m the staith, and he was. discharged. The Manawatu is overdue and there is a promise of a demonstration on her arrival. Five shillings per hour are offered for labor.
Chrlstchurch, August 29. At Lyttelton to-day the Rotorua was discharged and loaded by. the railway permanent hands, but the quantity of cargo on her was very small. She left for Dunedin soon after four, taking the crews of the Wakatipu and Tekapo. On the train with "free labour " arriving at Lyttelton, sixty who had volunteered for the work were admitted to the Tekapo. A detachment of police prevented the crowd from going on the steamers' Wharves. An enormous crowd assembled, but 'was perfectly orderly and good humored. The hired laborers were given a day's pay and sent back by the return train. The voluntary men began discharging coal from the Tekapo about two o'clock, and by five had got some eight trucks out.; Their awkwardness caused great amusement. Mucli of the coal was scattered about the wharf, and some dropped overboard. Shortly after two o'clock, thirteen volunteers went to the Wairarapa to discharge general cargo, a task at which they were not more adept than at landing coal. All stuck piuckily to the work, and an improvement was manifest m the evening. The sixty have been divided into reliefs, and have arranged to work all night. Mr G. G. Stead, assisted by several prominent citizens, is directing affairs. The officers of the Tekapo, Wairarapa, Beautiful Star, Rotorua, and Wakatipu held a conference on board the Wairarapa, and decided to take no action, pending the general conference of officers at Dunedin.
The seamen and firemen of the Tekapo left m a body soon after the nonUnion labor went aboard.
Large numbers of Chrisfcchurch people went to port to "see the fun." There was no .attempt at disturbance. The sailors leaving the boat were cheered and the nori-Union workers groaned.
Labor Questions, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2505, 30 August 1890
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