Making Wheat Pay at Thirty Shillings per Quarter.
Professor M'Connell contributes a long article to Land Roll on the subject of "Wheat-Growing." The Professor commences by saying that about ten months a#o he delivered a lecture on ' English Fanning," and some of the statements he made on that occasion were adversely criticised, and in particular that in which he had said that he had found it paid well to grow wheat at 30s per quarter. He then goes on to say that as after the lapse of a half-year, and the realisation of another crop, he has not seen fit to change his opinion on the matter, he takes the opportunity afforded Mm in the Land Roll to go into details and adduce evidence to prove his statement. Ploughing once, he says.costs 12s ; f-ecd, 15s ;" harrowing four times, 4s ; rolling, 9d ; manure, £2 ; harrowing once in spring, .Is ; harvesting, 15s ; threshing vnd marketing, 10s ; rent, tithe, etc., £1 0s 9cl—total, £b'.:- The returns are 30 bushels of wheat per acre, at 30s a quarter, coming to £5 12s 6d, and £1 10s for straw—total £7 2n 6d. Apparently there is a profit of £1 2s 6d per acre. There is no charge for hoeing, as Mr M Oonnell does not hoe his wheats. With respect to the somewhat small charge for manure he explains that this is usually applied to a preceding crop, and, therefore, is not all charged to the wheat crop. The lanct is kept in good heart by being laid down with "seeds" for four years at a time. In conclusion, the writer says :—" It will thus be seen that the growth of wheat at a profit at 30s per quarter does not depend on any one great outstanding point, but that every little item must-be attended to, and everything done in the cheapest and easiest manner consistent with efficiency. The oldfashioned way of lavish expense in fallowing and in working with cumbrous inefficient implements did well enough when wheat was worth 50s to 60s per quarter, but now that only half that sum can be realised it is necessary to grow it i at half the cost, and I have detailed above j how it is done here by my father and j self. The figures are not fanciiul, theoretical ones, but those of our actual practice, and therefore I have come to regard wheat as a good paying crop during the last few years, notwithstanding all that has been said to the contrary.'
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Making Wheat Pay at Thirty Shillings per Quarter., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2503, 28 August 1890
Making Wheat Pay at Thirty Shillings per Quarter. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2503, 28 August 1890
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