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Great Britain has 592,056 livmafss, '■ London has 6,000 union women cigarr^akers. i Lord $rassey k the owner of 10,000 acres ; m Australia. * : Moscow has a society fox ; th« of poor brides. > Over ftM m Washington are -wearing : divided skirts. A son .of the Sulta.iv's ;br<^fyej'.-in/J&w has been captured by brigands, A nobleman is feeding daily 1,001) victims of the famine m Tokio, Japan. The chief de cuisine m charge of Qupcii Victoria's table is a Mohoimnedan. 'j'Jf.e religious belief of the people will not be taken iq. tl^e coining English census. Soudanese soldiers sys i/tiijg recruited m '■ Egypt f°v service iii the Congo Proo tytetfi. The income of the Sydney City Mi«?jon fo-t Iwp year was £2.330. Queen Nftji^lip of >Servia has had lier life insured for £4(),IMf i^r the benefit of her son. Itoiy is trying tfl div<,\rt $# §god of Italian emigration from Anumea to fjeji' fcm'h; acquired colonies m Africa. ' ] Roses m silver bowls are the most fashionable table decorations for dinner parties ' -iii jfa'jujtjj Jujjt. now. The lessees of (iooiny^Yf iityt™}}! New South Wales, report highly' o^ U)ify^ v ; material for ensilage. ' ■ ' ' j Owing to the threatened shipping strike '■ la Sidney the price of wood m Adelaide has : advance* %% yer ton. Mr J- & FU'th'.s bo^H *}}{jyt New Zealand "Nation-making," is favourabfy jiie^i^^d • ■Httl)e"Sk James' Gazette." The law yf m France has ■been m ! : op"era,tioA since ABB,;i, qnd during four years j tjjerc have been 15,521 diyw^psi, which is at' the rate of 22 for 10,000 lnan^ag^sf. Dr Gatling, the inventor of the gatlinf ' • gun, is said to be at work on a new artificial I ice machine, which, lie believes, will make jce at,one-tenth the present cpst.

I An English plaintiff has recovered damages and costs for injuries clone to his clothes by a barbed-wire fence while walking along a public path after dark. Mr H. C. Russell, Government Astronomer of N.S.W., m photographs of Hie Milky Way," has got 160,000 stars, as against 64,000 stars obtained by American astronomers. The report cf the South Australian Rail-' way Commissioners, laid before Parliament, stated that the profile on the earnings of the railways, for the year ending June JUtn, were £515,000. An "ex-Governor" writing m an English magazine says "no one who has not had experience of the fact has any idea how ignorant colonial politicians can be ot everything outside their own couutry. The Melbourne express to Sydney had a narrow escape from disaster at Wagga on the 12th inst. through the engine running into a bullock standing on the Murrnmbidgee bridge. The engine was forced oft the line. Mr Teece, a Freetrade candidate for Goul" burn, New South Wales, m » recent speech, said he would gradually abolish all customs duties, replacing them by a t»x on the unimproved value of land. There are 600,000 children m Great Britain insured at this moment, and the Bishop of Peterborough believes 600 are murdered every year for the insurance money. Arrangements are now m progtesß for the betrothal of the Duke of Clarence and Avondale (Prince Albert Victor) to Princess Victoria of Teck, and it may be expected that the betrothal will shortly be announced. The political platform of the Auckland Knights of Labour and Federated Trades is the repeal of the Property Tax and to substitute therefor a Land Tax and a reduction of the Customs duties on the necessaries of life. There is a great demand from the Taranaki districts for some aid to the butter mdustry m the shape of a lecturer to go round. The export has risen m two years from oUO to 1500 tons, and will be vastly bigger very soon. The long crisis m the diamond trade at Antwerp is terminated. The price of raw diamonds has, as compared with last year m consequence of large imports, fallen 15 per cent. Nearly all the workmen m the trade are employed again. According to an American paper, wall: paper can be made m «uch a way that the paSiage of low-tension electric currents will Lat it moderately warm to the touch, and diffuse throughout the room an agreeable temperature. A thrilling tale was told the other day at an inquest at Clayton-le-Moors on a miner mamed Bradshaw, who had been buried by a fall of earth. The rescue party worked at the immense mass of debri* for three hours, encouraged by the sound of the burred man s voice. Only one man could work at a time and they were m constant apprehension of another fall of the roof. At last they saw Bradshaw, with his head just out of the earth. He implored them to do their utmost to save him, but another fall occurred, and the deceased, crying "good bye, I'm chokingwas buried eight feet deep. The German papers mention that Prince Bismarck, since his retirement from power, has become singularly affable and condescending. Formerly when he walked abroad he was preceded by a policeman and attended by his two dogs. No one dared to approach him, and he maintained a haughty impassiveuess of manner and a stern inflexibility of demeanour which awed and repelled every passer by. Now he is all smiles and courtesy. He cordiilly shnke.i hands with all and sundry, and his very dogs seem to have altered their bearing, and are as friendly to the crowd as their master now is. In a recent conversation with an Knglish visitor, Prince Bismarck expressed himself m the following terms with respect to his successor :—" General Caprivi is a distinguished soldier; a man of remarkable intelligence .and of diversified attainments. In short, he is a perfect gentleman. lam sure," the Prince went on to say, " that the nomination of General Caprivi to the post of Chancellor was a great surprise to himself; that he frankly accepted it with a full consciousness of the duties it, entaik, suid that hn is quite above the suspicion of being actuated by pcrnqnal anjbitiqn. He has an enlightened mind, a gqqd hoar^, a generous nature, a great capacity for wfjrk. In all respects he i« a fjrstrclass man." In a manifesto on the right's and responsi bititios of labor which he has lately issued, Mr Gladstone saya that there may come a time when labor will be too strong for capital, and may be disposed to use its strength unjustly. There is, unfortunately, always a disposition to unjust use with those who possess brute strength. But that labor m the aggregate will ever be superior to capital m the aggregate is inconceivable, for the hypothesis implies a surgical device equivalent to industrial death. What is certain is that labor can never be stronger than the force of publjc opinion. Society is selfish m ita lore of order and fair play, and will noj; allow its own interests to be sacrificed £hat one class may triumph over anoiher. Mr F. W. Ward, formerly editor of the " Sydney Telegraph," who was m San Francisco laut month, wrote several letters to the PredS of that city, strongly urging that steps should be taken to prevent a discontinuance of the San Francisco service. Jn one of his communications he said :—" As to the possibilities of commerce between >San Francisco and the colonies, my observations leads me to speak with enthusiasm. There is no reason why San Francisco should not be to the Pacific what Liverpool is to the Atlantic Ocean. Every country washed by the Pacific invites your commerce, and all that is required is that your merchants awake from their lethargy, and that your tariff be reduced within reason. The trade will naturally c'oine 'to yon it yuju (iq not force it away. It is by i)isc'ouraging it'and' making it almo.sfc impossible to, deal with, yp.u that you oompol us to seek more hospitable markets by the most circuitous routes, and m the inosfidistant places, Byproperdevelopment twenty years will bring about most marvellous changes, and half a dozen ships a week will leave your port for the Australian colonies, carrying the rich products of jG?»Jjfcr))ia to supply a constantly increasing deinaiu!,/'

The "Shields Gazette" (England) an nounces that Mr W. B. Beaumont, M.P. for Tyneside, has giyen the lavge sum of £250,000 for the founding of institutes at York and Newcastle for the education of miners, to whose hard and often ill-paid labour the hon. gentleman ascribes his wealth. The gift is also made to the memory of his wife. A very singular case is reportad by last mail as having occured m an English Assize Court. A man pleaded guilty to a charge of indveent assault, and was sentenced to six yeara' penal servitude. He then Baid he had not understood the gravity of the offence with which he was charged, and the Judge cancelled the sentence and allowed the prisoner to plead not guilty. He was then tried m the usual manner, and the jury acqvitted him. An extraordinary discovery was made m a salt mine at Hermanstadt, Hungary, which was visited frequently by tourists on account of its great depth and its repeating echo. Heavy rains caused the water m the mine to rise to an unusual height, when a considerable number of dead bodies appeared on the surface and were recovered. They were found to be the bodies of Hungarian Honveds 380 of whom fell m the Battle of Viz Akna, on February 4, 1849, and instead of being buried were thrown into the salt lake of the mine. The bodies are so well preserved that wounds which caused death may still be seen quite plainly. Two of the bodiesare headless. The report of the Association of the Friends of the Blind, established at Auckland, is to hand. Although this philanthropic body has only been m existence little over twelve months a vast amount of servic* has been rendered to many perons m the colony who suffer from blindness. Mr J. W. Tighe, an experienced teacher of the blind, has travelled the colony on behalf of the objects of the Association, with the result that 133 persons have been visited, and many of those have been taught to read and write, and work at useful employment, such as knitting, netting, bead-work, bone polishing, etc., embossing, writing, music, etc. The feat of " ringing the changes" has been achieved with eqnal audacity and success, by the officials of the Government of i Morocco, who were entrusted with the shipment of ten Arab horses of the puret* »nd finest blood, which the Sultan was sending as a present to the King of the Belgians, Muley Hassan himself selected the creatures, which were pronounced by the experts at his court to be the finest m the country. When they reached Brussels King Leopold was not greatly struck by their beauty, and, on an investigation being made, it turned out that the original animals had been sold by some unscrupulous official, and that inferior ones had been substituted. This is a good story and a true one, says the "Pall Mall Gazette":—Herr Joachim, of violin renown, had been playing at a concert m Manchester. After it was all over he was walking up and down the railway platform enjoying a good cigar and the consciousness that he had never played better m his life. The cheers of his audience still rang m his ears, and he was full of pleasurable self-satisfaction A respectable navvy-looking man, dressed m his Sunday best, kept passing and repassing, and gazing intently at the great master. Presently he came up to Joachim and <vsked ?for a light. This the musician gave him. Having lit his pipe, he looked Joachim full m the face, and then, tapping him with emphasis on the shoulder, he said, " But Paganini was the man !" That was all. But it was enough. Joachim said he never felt so small m his life. About a month ago there was a flight of English homing pigeons from Bournemouth to Liverpool. Among the competitors that held a good place was (says the 'Birkenhead Advertiser ") a bird belonging to Mr Rogers, of York Hotel, Grange road. It was subsequently arranged that all the birds which reached home—some of course were lost on the way—should compete m a further long distance race from Lassay. The birds and their owners or " fliers " were relegated to Cherbourg, where the birds were thrown up about seven o'clock m the morning. Mr Rogers' bird was seen to alight on the roof of its loft, by a Birkenhead pigeon fancier, about half-past eleven the tame morning. It had accomplished the entire distance of ;il)out 300 miles, including 100 miles of water, m a bee-line from Cherbourg to Birkenhsad at the rate of over a mile a minute. The bird had never been so far from home previously, and it is said that no bird had over flown from Cherbourg, or indeed any part of Fpince to Birkenhead before. The bird, which was bred by Mr Rogers himself from a Belgian strain to " homesters," is just two years old. Mr 0. E. Jones, "of Victoria, stated m the course oi his lecture m Sydney, an amusing anecdote of Mr B, C. Aspinall, the clever out dissipated barrister. At an election meeting Mr Aspinall had concluded his speech and had given his support to protection, but as hitherto he had been an ardent free-trader, this sudden change of front was regarded with some suspicion. A working man m the body of the hall got up and said :—" You have told ua you are m favor of protection. Now, then I'll ask you A question, and I want a straight answer, sir; none of your lawyer tricks. What would you i>ut on boots?" "Well," said Aspinall, "that depends on circumstances. Some use oil, others' soak them m milk, and one extravagant dog I know rubs 'em with cream, but taking all circumstances into consideration, I think I would put blacking on." The ehrieH of laughter which followed this " lawyer's " trick made, the baffled bootmaker simply mad with rag«. As soon as the noise had abated he was again on his feet and ready with another question : "Very well, Mi- Aspinall, you got the laugh oii me that time, hut you won't get it so easy this time, sir. Now, sir, tell me why your face is so red ? " Again Aspinall rose, and m the midst of the waiting pause of absolute silence came the words, " What makes my face so red ? Sir, it is blushing at your impudence."

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2502, 27 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2502, 27 August 1890

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