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The parliamentary elections arc expected £o be all over before the 7th Novemlxr next. A. branch of the Civil Service Union has been formed $,{, Wauganui. The Rev. P. R. Monro delivers his lecture on "Burns" to-night. There are 13,787 miners engaged m the coal mines of New Zealand. "'he Caledonian " Ingleside " —the last night for the season—is to be held m the Oddfellows' Hall mj. Friday. At a meeting at luvercat'giil if. was decided to form a stud company with a, capital of £2000 m £5 shares. ftjT#^ls for India, China, etc., Europe, and Australia*?, colonies, per Mararoa, at o p.m. on Wednesday, 2/ th. instant. The Hon Mr Fergus, tyuijistpr of Public Works, is confined to his room as WcljjngJ#;i with an ulcerated throat and severe cold. The a.a, Marnari will leave Lyttelton for London, via Rio dp Janeiro, on Saturday next, 30th iiist. at jL j> m. Mails close at Ashburton at o'.SO a.m. on .tu&£ (lay. Further telegrams received from the Ifuaotuhu goldfields, Auckland, states that a iesst crushing from the Bonanza .yielded , 40 ounces of gold from ten tons of stone. There are about 54,00.9,000 square miles of land on the globe, of which Europe has 4,000,000, America 16,000,000, Asia iw.QQfyOQO, Africa 12,000,000, and Australia 1 W^^t:3,ooo/W.. ' j Miss Elsie LaeSf., the well known music > teacher of 'FUwu'W? feg'W business yester-. day m Ashburton, feihe \yjty <!,'.} v,ote Mondays and the early part, before /he .ex.-j pre.-.s, of Tuesdays to her pupils. In pursuance of an agreement entered into with the shipowners of Australia the Union & s, Company of New Zealand will have to day ,vqf ».ts ships should necessity arise f>r doing so duiaug the present Australian dispute. The vessels may be laid up at any moment. -"",•■■ i

Gold to the value of £45,886,693 has been exported from New Zealand during the past thirty-three years. The total value of other minerals exported during the same period is £5,704,215. The New Zealand .Seamen's Union have made a demand for £6 per month wages for coastal vessels. A conference is to be held between masters and men to settle the matter. Sir Charles Burdett, a baronet, who arrived m Auckland during the Waikato war as captain of a regiment, and who has had a chequered career since, has b?en admitted into the Costley Home. He is said to be second comin to the Baroness BurdettCoutts. Next April John Bull counts his Britons. The whole empire is to be canvassed. It is expected that the Government, upon whose domain the sun never sets, will prove to have about three hundred and forty million people acknowledging Victoria Queen and Empress. This is about a fourth of the population of the world. It will be seen by notice m our advertiseing columns that Mr George Jameson purposes establishing regular skin saleH m Ashburton, the first of which will be held on Friday next, and thence forward every alternate Friday. These sales will be conducted by Mr John R. Bland, auctioneer, late of the firm of Bland and Humpherys. The St. Maur Company were unable to produce Mr Christie Murray's new play of "Gratitude" at the Princess Theatre, Dunedin, on Saturday evening. Owing to a dispute over payment of an account, the stairs to the dress circle were remored and the gas cut off. The Company have now taken their departure for Invercargill. Several School Committees m different parts of the colony have resolved to discontinue the use of school publications issuing from the firm of Whitcombe and Tombs. In one or two case 3 the reasons given are that School Committees should discountenance by all means m their power the "sweating" system under which, it is alleged, the books are produced. A meeting of about 80 unionists and others was held at Christchurch on Saturday night, and carried, after a long discussion, a motion m favour of forming a political J association for advancing the interests of the ! industrial classes m Parliament by securing the equitable adjustment of laws affecting wage-earners and the retention of the land of the colony by the people and for the people. A largely attended meeting of Government servants, held on Saturday evening m the Provincial Council Chamber, Christchurch, under the presidency of Mr J. H. Baker, Commissioner of Lands, unanimously passed the resolution proposed by Mr Beethain, R.M., for joining the Public Service Association. A provisional sub-committee representing the various branches of the Service was appointed to consider the suggestions re the constitution. At a meeting of the Wharf Labourers Union onjSaturday night we("N. 0. Times'V understand it was decided to boycott one of the banks doing business m Oamaru, the reason assigned being that the institution m question was purchasing a portion of the bank stationery from Messrs Whitcombe and Tombs. The modwt operand!, of the boycott will be the buying up of the notes of the bank and demanding gold for them at the boycotted institution. A native entered an Auckland lawyer's office and was politely asked to sit down, the bland lawyer looking benevolently over his spectacles and pointing to a chair. But the Maori evidently had some experience of lawyers' bills, for looking suspiciously at his legal friend, he asked, "How much you charge me for sitting down ?" A hearty laugh was the response, but the native would run no risks, and continued standing during the interview. In the beautiful Bay of Oban, m the West Highlands (says Fair Play), there is moored all that remains of the once famous and still, well-remembered ship, the Enterprise, m which Sir John Ross made his voyage to the Arctic regions m search of Sir John Franklin. The Enterprise appears a small craft for such service, but her timbers look still as if they could vvrostle successfully with ice floes and "grips." In fact, a more business-like looking craft as to hull one need not desire to see. This historical vessel has not become so degraded as some of her famed contemporaries and predecessors. She has not descended to the depths of a coal hulk, but occupies the much more dignified position of store-ship for the Northern Lighthouse Commissioners. She is moored wider the lea of Kcrrera—in the snug little bay of Ardentrive. The Chinese have a characteristic and apparently most effective way of putting down smuggling, which, however, from the point of view of strict justice, leaves something to be desired. The "North China Herald" is responsible for the following account of a smuggling foray, which it describes m a cold-blooded fashion m its issue of June 27 :—A few days ago it was reported that some smugglers had been levying black mail on the fisherman, and the Ningpo authorities sent a taimung to capture them if possible. Having sighted the smugglers, the crew of the taimung opened fire upon them, which was returned with interest, for it is stated that two of the taimung's crew were killed. In the end however, the smugglers were overpowered after several of them had been shot, and the remainder of them fell into the hands of the victors, who proceeded to Chinhai, where they landed some of the prisoners, and beheaded four of them. Two others were tortured ; one had his hand cut off, and both were burnt with red-hot irons, which were thrust into their feet, probably to make them confess who their confederates were, The tajmujig then proceeded to Ningpo, having on board the four heads and the two tortured prisoners." To the question, What ai*e French wines made of ? the "St. James' Budget" supplies the following answer :■ —Last year France produced 23,000,000 hectolitres of wine, and he-3elf consumed 49,000,000 hectolitres to say nothing of the, exportation. How, then, was the rest of the "wine", produced. .Clearly, it was artificially produced somehow, But how? From Levantine raisins, some say. But the latest statistics show that less than 2,000,000 hectolitres were made m one year from dried grapes. It may, therefore, not unfairly be supposed that the 50,000,000 or 60,000,000 hectolitres which remain to be provided arc made from even more illegitimate materials. It is uoLoriqus that good French wine is not to be obtained m France. The juice of the grape is sent abroad, while the juice of other things—old boots, for ought we know~is sold to the Frenchman, who prides himself upon recognising a good glass of wine when he tastes it. Across the Channel this matter of dried grapes had become quite serious. ' M. Tirard's Cabinet went out on it three mouths ago, and the present Government is proposing to adopt a little more protection by striking wine made from foreign grapes with a duty of three francs per hectolitre.

Coal has risen 4s per ton at Lyttelton. Cracks are again appearing m the dome of St Peter's at Rome. A fashionable drink at night m Paris is hot boiled milk, sugar, and orange water. At Sydney a man named O'Neil has been, ! sentenced to five years' penal servitude for a brutal a3sault upon his wife. The Sydenhani and Addington butchers have resolved to charge 10 per cent on all accounts unpaid on the 14th of the month following that on which accounts are contracted, vv.y At a meeting of the local Trotting Club last evening the programme for the meeting on 16th October, with a prize list of £100, vras adopted, and ordered to be forwarded for approTal to the New Zealand Trotting Club. The Committee resolved, subject to the approval of the Canterbury Jockey Club, to use the Ashburton Racecourse for the meeting, and appointed MiMartin Taylor, Christchurch, handicapper. In the debate on Mr W. D. Stewart's motion to reduce the honorarium to £100, several members protested that the £150 paid at present does not cover the costs of elections. Mr Fisher said :" I have within my visual range at this moment a gentleman whose election cost not less than £2000. . . . I know some persons whom, whether they succeed or not, the next, election will cost from £800 to £1000, and I am inclined to think that they will not succeed." A correspondent at Calvinis, South Africa, m answer to a query whether ostrich feathers are plucked while the bird is alive, replies— " Yes three or four times a year the birds are plucked. It is not considered a cruelty if blood is not drawn. I have seen the performance. The birds are driven into an enclosure called a camp, and one at a time are enticed into a smaller space; a bag is thrown over the head, and the bird, thus blindfolded, is plucked. The bird must be held m a peculiar way to prevent a back kick, which is known only to the ostrich, and would shatter the plucker on the spot. However beautifully ostrich feathers are dressed, they never look so lovely as when the bird is m full chase, and displays the exquisite lining of its wings." The "Post," says it has transpired that resolutions were passed at the recent meeting of delegates from labor arganisations with reference to a political platform m view of the approaching general elections as follows :—l. That this maeting urges the necessity for combined action amongst all branches of organised labor, ! aiming for the taxation of land values, and would suggest as a basis of such action an agitation to secure the repeal of the propertytax and the repeal of duties on the necessaries of life. 2. That there be no further sales of Crown Lands. 3. That it is desirable that the labor bwdies m Wellington adopt and work for three bona Jide working men as labor candidates for the next Parliamentary election. 4. That the various unions be requested to see that their members are placed on the electoral roll. 5. That the various unions be requested to consider the nomination of the working men's candidates. We clip the following important testimonial from the'! Illawarra Mercury " (N. S. W.) of the 30th March. It needs no comment:— '•Mr John Loveday, of the Bulli Mountain, writes to us that after suffering for four years with acute grarsl, he has experienced almost complete relief by using Sander and Sonse Eucalyptic Extract. He says :—" Seeing tha said Extract advertised m the ' Illawarr' Mercury,' his intense suffering induced him to obtain a bottle of the medicine from Mr Hosking, chemist, of this town, and that the use of it gave him great relief at once. He states that between 10th March inst., when he obtained the first bottle of the extract, and the 19th, the use of that medicine continued to afford him relief, to which he had been a stranger for four years. Mr Loveday writes also that he has found the Eucalypti Extract <» cure for rheumatism as well as gravel. He requests us to publish this information through the ' Mercury.' We haye much pleasure m complying with Mr Loveday's request, whose word cannot be doubted, and who can have no object m view other than a pure desire to benefit suffering humanity."—(Advt. 2 There is now to be seen m the shop window of Messrs J Scaly and Co., East .street, a collection of apples showing .some of the sorbs grown at the Nurseries, Riverbank, that will repay inspection by ny one who contemplates planting fruit plants. There are upwards of fifty cliferenfc kinds shown, all valuable, long keeping sorts. For size, color, and rfeneral excellence they are by far the finest that have been shown m Ashburton this season,- (Adv

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2501, 26 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2501, 26 August 1890

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