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The angriest person m a controversy is the one njoß*- %bl@ j» be m the wrong. About a quarter qi phfi people of Paris live m. apartments. The Russian Empire has so* area of 8,644, J.OO square nnles. The Spaniards purpose celebrating the fourth centenary of thfi discovery of America by Columbus by holding au Jntej-na^ional Maritime Exhibition m Madrid. The "New Scotland Yard," on the Embankment at Westminster, the head-quarters of th«« Metropolitan Police, will cost when finished about £30,000. The latest addition to £h$ [ Tnion Company's fleet is the Poerua, which was i^nchecl m Olapcow m March last. She is a cargo Ijoat of .1174 Uws gross, and was purchased by Mr JamesTMilla, irW»ging director of the company, shortly aftw his arrival m Scotland. Some idea of the depression, existing m Sydney may be gathered from the replies received by an insurance office m answer to an adve,i'ii«ement for a clerk at 30s a week. There were ove* 400 applicants between the ages of tffteen anfl thirty. .Recording to Mr G. A. Sala, the ingenious Mr JEnu^ Beuzon (the "Jubilee Plunger "), j who iy:"t-W S>WS contrived to make ducks | and drakes ,<jf i^*H,t- a (iuarter of a million , sterling, has got left, it -would seem, just £7 ; a week accruing from a trust fUftd the; Philistines cannot touch. I The Government ."statist of Victoria, Mr I Hayter, m a statement of the manufactories, «W/.'ks, &c, m Victoria, brought down to the end $ jftybruary of this year shows that there are 'i,ii aU#«W3 employ- ; ing 59,142 hands, wi^fe valued at £5,573,682, buildings aud "iinprov^/snts at £4,280,158, and. machinery £5,934, Kid, Some stormy scenes having occurred at tjie Kiwi,.* (New South Wales) Borough' .Gouncil, 'm ' nldermen had come to ;blpws, ,the ptlier evening ,a citizen waited on , i\\e Council with a parcel w-hjc^i h? said, e«jJi:#jiied a present for the Council. The mayor «*4c£pd the pa,rcel to be thxown into the street, bnt if wis'brought m again and found to contain a pair of bpging

The annual horse parade has been fixed for the 4th of October next. The entry fee for horse 3 will be five shillings per head, and the admission fee for the public one shilling. This is how a Wellington contemporary refers to the salaries of Civil Servants:— " The people up north are m a terrible -way through the Property-tax, which many of them are paying out of principal instead of out of profit. We don't think this is a time to start increasing big salaries. Commercial people have had to submit to great reductions, and a man m the Civil Service who gets the same salary now as he did some years ago has practically got a rise • The recent day or two of dry warm weather has had the effect of drying up the roadway m East street to a very great extent, and wheeled traffic raises m its passage great clouds of dessicated dust, very trying to the patience and temper of the tradesmen on the east side, who, m consequence, find their wares clouded over with a coating of fine sand.. This morning there were many anxious enquiries about the water cart. While the s,s. Rotorua was receiving cattle m Wellington for Lyttelton, one bullock managed to get loose on the deck and took charge. It was, however, secured and taken below into the hold, and as the attendant was freeing the animal it made a rush for him and crushed him against one of the bulkheads, keeping him a prisoner with its horns on either side of him. He, however, managed to get free, but was badly hurt. The same animal while careering on the deck, slipped and fell on a fox terrier which belonged to Captain Stott, and killed it. A meeting of the general committee of the A. and P. Association was held m the Arcade Chambers yesterday afternoon. There were fourteen or fifteen members of Committee present, and Mr Robert Miller was m the chair. The revised catalogue was submitted by the Catalogue Revision subCommittee, and agreed to by the meeting. Several minor alterations had been made on the catalogue of last year, and new classes had been opened for Border Leicester sheep and Jersey cattle. The following new members were admitted, and their names added to the roll:—Messrs J. M. Cambridge, T. B. Richards, Heywood, John Mathieson, A. A. Cuthbertson, H. Sprott (Chertsey), E. J. Fooks, John Bonnington, James Brown (Netherby), W. Rose, J. Doak, W. Hayman, Peter Drummond (Lauriston), John Dunn (Plemington), and Peter Doig (Chertsey.) §"Atticus" writes m theleader:—Thegreate«t combination of worldliness and utter world - liness I can recall is this obituary notice of a departed hatter inserted m an American paper. It ran m this wise :•—" Died, on the 1 lth instant, at his shop, No. 20 Greenwich street, Mr Edward Jones, much respected by all who knew and dealt with him. As a man he was amiable; as a master upright and moderate. His virtues were beyond all praise, and his beaver hats were only three j dollars each. He has left a widow to deplore his loss, and a large stock to be sold cheap for the benefit of his family. He was snatched to the other world m the prime, .of life, just as he had concluded an extensive purchase of felt, which he got so cheap that his widow can supply hats at more reasonable rates than any house m the city. His disconsolate family will carry on business with punctuality." Speaking of the effects of the late gale, the editor of the Charleston " Herald " thus i humourously discourses:—"The town of Charleston got a good shaking, and we regret to have to say that q\\v building suffered considerably from the fury of the gale. The beautiful Gothic porch at the front entrance, which was looked upon as a rare speoimen of architecture, and against which every vagrant horse and cow m the district used to scratch its back, detached itself from the main structure at 10.40 a.m., and foil with .great force m the middle of the next street—a total wreck. The main building also suffered to some extent, several portions of it having ' come to grief, there being nothing left of the chimney but the framework, and the massive wooden pillars of the corridor, leading from the editor's lunch-room to the bullion vaults were knocked considerably out of plumb, and to add to the misfortune the paste pot is missing. If ever a long-winded subscriber had an opportunity of performing a meritorious action, that time has now arrived." At the Committee meeting of the A. and P. Associatiqn yesterday, a quest,i()u was raised as to the rent paid by the Association for the use of the saleyards at Ashburton for the annual show, some members seeming to think that £10 per annum was too much. The facts of the matter are these. The saleyards reserve was vested by Government m the County Council as a cattle market. The County Council leased the ground to the Saleyards Company for twenty-one years at a rental satisfactory to both parties, the condj'tiQiis being that the ground be nsed aa a saley'ayd fqr sfcj}ek ? regula^iqris'cjf sale qeiug laid down, and that the" j^.' and Pi Ass°cia : tion have the right to use the ground free for. show purposes three days m the year. The SJaJgyards Cqmpany, at their own expense, erected the handsome n\\%d ; nqw used'on Show day as a pavilion for. the exhibition of produce and other gpods £hat must be shown under cover, and for the use of this shed, and the commodious offices, &c, which are the property qf the Company, £1Q are charged as pent. Thprg is no charge made by the fjom'pany fqj; thfi gerund whfiu used fqr the annual horse "papade, as the' bii^ldin^s are. not occupied on that qccasiqn. The Saleyards Company pay the Association £31 per annum for the use of the Association's ground at Tinwald. Intelligence from Constantinople states that agitation prevails among the Ulemas and Softas, who complain that notwithstanding the great misery of the country and the a/rawing* jjf. the Mussulman population ijbhe Suftafr' incurs (fnqiunouj} expense m 1 making presents' and givipg sumptuous dinners and fetes to the heads "of the foreign Embassies and Legations, as well as to nuth»y:q".g Christian foreigners who annually visit Consjfcan..tiftQp,li?» Notwithstanding the explanation previously given iha£ this expenditure was necessitated by the exigencies of the present time, some Softas recently held meetings at which, they openly expressed the tlu; opinion f.hat it was exactly on account of th£se; re.qujtr.etnents. that tlj.e coui^fcry was reduped t<j ifa present deplorable" cqnditiqn. They declared that the moinenf had arrived to put an end to such a state of affairs, and to restore the old regime which had alone been conducive to the greatness, glory and prosperity of the empire. ,It is stated that som? civil and military functionaries are being arrestei on suspicion of being imrcliccvjjacj jn the agitatioiij Tliq reappearance m Spain of what is supposed to be Asiatic "cholera has created a scare. Its identincationj however, has not been satisfactorily established, and it may well be asked how it is that the microbists i to aye iioj; set t]}£ inaf.ter at. re,st by a search for the ctholeift "backus. Jfc is b*3lisyc.d tJiat ' the outbreak is attributed to the Removal of some earth m which the germs may have lain dormant since the last visit of the i disease to Spain a few years ago. If so a new chapter will have to be added to the history of the epidemic, there being no snntyar case on record. The disease may have b#eu Imported from Turkey, as it has • been raging {n ihe'nejgtitoiiliqfjd p,f Bagdad but mere conjecture is of tytfte ayrul, and m the absence of evidence as to its origin or mode of transport, the most probable supposition is that the disease is not Asiatic cholera at &U, The doctors must be left to decide after they Have h«4 fV litf-le more experience of the way m which it shows itself. —"Leader." At an interview accorded the representative of the "Daily Telegraph Prince Bismark referred to the Nihilists and the labor question, and declared that no concesBion to the Nihilists w,as possible. Overedij cation had led to much dissatisfaction and disappointment *"■' Germany, but m fthssia ifc had led tq diaaflsc'iiqn -sincL cpnspj^ac^. There were ten times as many people educated for the higher walks as there were places to fill. Further, education was making pedantic theorists and visionaries, unfit for constitutional government. It would be madness to put such men m authority. Russians do not know yet what they want; jihey must, p J'erefore, be ruled with a rod of iron. Referring to tli£ labor question, the Prince ridiculed the idea that workiiiiiii would ever be contented, because, he said, the rich, are never contented. He spoke 'sirongly against any dictation as to hours 6i labor, and against the usurping of the rightful authority of parents over, their (ijlildrefy -'" '•' ■ I

A Christchurch telegram states that Jamea Wilkin, son of the late Robert Wilkin, died this morning. Another invention sought to be patented (by a Dunedin engineer) is a potato digger, sorter, and bagger. Cricketers ought to make a memo, of the fact that on Friday evening next the annual meeting of the A.CO. will be held at the County Council Chambers at 7.30. All interested m cricket are invited to attend. A correspondent writes to a. Dunedin contemporary:—"Sir,—l have a retriever seven years old, who, when he is excited by being let off the chain or seeing a gun, drops down suddenly m a sort of fit, only there is no twitching of the limbs or body; his eyes remain open and clear, but is heart beats at an unusual rate. He recovers after about three minutes, gets up, and seems none the worse. I have asked several authorltiesjjabout him, but they do not know of a similar case, neither does Stonehenge throw .any light on the subject." Secedera from the Orthodox Greek Church are prosecuted m Russia. A few Weeks ago seven members of a dissenting sect called the Stundists were brought to trial before the Circuit Court at Vitebsk on the charge of having propagated m Vitebsk and the neighborhood the heretical doctrine of " Stundism," for having misquoted the Scriptures, denounced the practice of worshipping the Ikons, or holy pictures, and, lastly, for having rejected the whole of the ceremonial worship belonging to the Greek Church. They were also accused of having made several converts. The Court found four of the accused guilty, and sentenced two of them to banishment m the Caucasus and the remainder to six months' imprisonment. According to the present law. of England if a husband die intestate and without children the widow takes only half of her husband's personality, and the remaining half becomes divisible between the husband's next-of-kin( —generally his brothers and sisters or their decendants, sometimes very distant relatives —whilst with regard to the realty the widow is only entitled to a life estate m one-third as her dower. A bill before Parliament proposes to improve the position of the widow. Ib provides that when a man dies leaving a widow and no issue, and leaving real and personal estate not exceeding £500, the widow shall take ths whole, and when the estate exceeds £500 the widow shall take that sum for her portion before any distribution is made, and m addition to that shall take her moiety of the residue, leaving the other moiety of the residue only to next-of-kin. Mr Edward Bellamy, the author of 'Looking Backward,' defends m this month's 'Contemporary,' his predictions as to the future of the world which have been rather forcibly assailed by M. De Layeleye. Mr Bellamy sums up his coutentons very briefly:—"The humanlieritage," he says "must be construed and can only be construed, as an estate m common, essentially indivisible, to which all human beings are heirs. Hitherto this com- ] munity and equality of right havi been disregarded, the heirs being left to scramble and fight for what they could individually get and keep. . . . Unless humanity is destined to pass under some at present inconceivable form of despotism, there is but one possible issue. The world, and everything that is mit, will ere long be recognised as the common property of all, and uudertaken and administered for the equal benefit of all." Mr West, an expert who has been sent from Victoria to study Califomian methods, reports that agriculture m the United States occupies the foremost position among national industries. There, no fewer than one half of the entire population are settled on farms, the latter numbering 5,000,000, and the able bodied labourers, irrespective of their families, 10,000,000. Rural life attracts the population, and there is not the tendency observable here to flock into the-towns. The State also recognises m a special manner the importance of agriculture. Not only by the protectionist policy of the country ,ia the fanner ensured the benefits of the home market, but the Department of Agriculture spares no pains to supply the best of expert instruction. The cultivation of the soil has been raised from one of haphazard labour and elevated into ty science. In a leading article on the many panaceas for placing colony on the road to prosperity which politicians advqeate, the Wellin'gtqu "Post" says,:—"Mrßallanca would restore Arcadian happiness and simplicity by busting up large estates and making us all innocent village settlers. Mr J. A. Millar and the Maritime Council are willing to govern the colony on strictly union principles, aud to run the railways and the Union Steam Ship Company's business as side shows, to the great advantage of all concerned. Sir Robert Stout believes that nothing but land nationalisation can save the country. Mr George Fisher's prescription is simple and comprehensive. He would give the colony a chance by headingjup the Premier m a hags, I hei^l of 3s'C.arttiy's )ieer, duly stamped, hlqwing Mr Fergus away from one of the big guns,having Mr Hjslqp flqgf*ed to death by a pos*e qf experienced schoolmasters, bursting up fche Bank of New Zealand and hanging a few editors. Mr Buchanan believes it will be for the public good if emigration continues, provided the men, women, and children who go away are replaced by stoats and weasels; while finally, Mr Rerr holds that by improving the breed qf the bounding chamois (domestic, species), a bqilin,g,dqwn industry might b,6 fistablighpd, under the careful.supervision af the Auckland ecqnomists,, which would do a good deal more than yield grease for the wheels of the coach of state."

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2496, 20 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2496, 20 August 1890

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