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Extremely heavy falls of snow are reported from the Gippsland mountains. A prudent man ii like a pin—his head prevents him going too far. Ifc hup rained for ]o consecutive Sundays m Wellington, Tins estimated population oi Melbourne and suburbs for the month of June was 4-)8,470. The employment of women is about to be authorised on the Government railways m Russia. I'lie forthcoming general elections are expected to be over by the middle of November next. The anniversary of Starfjf fche $ast Lodge, LO,G/L, will be celebrated by a tea and concert on 17th September next m the Ashburton Oddfellows' Hall. A sperm whale kept the steamship Port Adelaide company for a distance of 1024 miles with apparent ease, a»d gave up the race, '. It is stated, wires the Leeds Mercury Lowdou correspondent, that Mr Stanley has received #f ,QOQ for the sole right of taking and publishing his pif^Qgranh, According to the best estimate, the pntipe gold coinage m circulation m Great Britain \s £102,500,000, made up of 80,000,000 soTereigns and of 45,000,000 half-sovereigns. It is *B&mated that the recent concessions to the railway }$ equal to • i increase of 2d per mile for woy^jng expenses m the running of trains. Lamp chimneys are easily cleaned by hold r ing them over the steam from a tea kettle, rubbing them with a soft cloth, and polishing with paper. The most powerfuj electrje light' m the world is said to be one at the Hoiistjiolm Lighthouse, on the dangerous cosat of Jutland, It ja 2,000,000 candle power, and i» visible forty miles. There is a growing demand for land for settlement m the North Island, For a small quantity of land recently thrown open m the Gisborno district there were no less than 298 applications sent m. A lecture on "Rowland Hill, the eccentric preacher of Surrey Chapel," will be delivered m the Primitive Methodist Church, Ashbur- ' ton, on Friday evening next, by the Rev P. \\ T f Jones, of Waddington. The jjae%su«3n}.ent of 2000 students at Cambridge, England, pljflw.ed that success m literary examination is m 119 way connected with stature, ' strength, or* breathing capacity. It is %iderstqod that the Government of South A-ustfalua hay.c no intension at piesent of'asking ip agree to an incr.eaae m the pay .qf'the mj-Ufciix fe,cp^ or any nj.easur.eß tending to improve tu^ defence systeiii <G,i the colony. The Rev Mr Walfce* 1, agewt £9? the New Zealand Alliance, iv the course of a Temperance address at Invercargill, said he did not agree with the wild condemnation of "moderates" so frequently indulged m by the teetotal platform, and tries himself to use invariably only temperate language. jfyb an inquest m Sydney, on the body of a journalist, »vlio died from the effects of a street car accident, the jury returned the following verdict:—"Death n'oin.e^hanfiti/ju, consequent upon continued deliiium following injuries accidentally received acting upon a : man of intemperate habits." A vj/jlcr iv the "National Review," wain« colonists .wity &re relying upon stoats io extirpate the rabbits to bmvare lost they have exchanged a bad for a Wfjpft. H,f states a pair of stoats will .byeed four'.timsi ft V«^', with twelve yoini^ ones at a lifter — a rato of inci'u^o which may be productive pf grpat ilanger jn tbs WUf^f 9f a few years, i

Mr O'Brien, one of the present members of the Irish Parliamentry party, lay for three weeks under sentence of death for high treason. There is a coal famine m Oamaru. some coal yards thei-e is nothing but lignite, and very little of that. The cause of the present scarcity is owing to the fear of a general strike and the anxiety on the part of many to lay m a stock of coal while it can be had. There is very little coal being shipped on the Weat Coast, and the Newcastle boats are unable to supply the demand. An American girl was being instructed by her teacher not long since m regard to the different rulers of the world. She was told that m Europe the people are all governed by kings and queens. 'And now,' asked the teacher, 'who governs the people m this country?' The litole girl looked up into the teachers's face and answered earnestly and promptly, 'Knaves.* A report recently presented with a bill for prohibiting aliens from owing lands m the United states mentions that certain European noblemen, principally Englishmen, are now the owners of 21,000,000 acres of land, while the quantity owned by untitled aliens is unknown. It cites several cases m which British subjects residing m England hold vast tracts of land from which they receive rents from tenants. • ; A remarkable cure of tubercular meningitis or as the disease is commonly called, consumption of the brain, has been reported to the "Waimate Times." The three-yew-old child of FrH, G. Berryman was taken ill with the disease mentioned nine or ten days ago, and hope of her recovery was almost abandoned; the trouble m nearly all cages of a like nature proving fatal. Dr Barclay, who was the doctor m attendance, realising the seriousness of the case, consulted with Dr Hogg, of Timaru, and he confirmed Dr Barclay's diagnosis of the disease, but held out little prospecta of saving the child. However after a course of energetic treatment jbhe little patient began to rally, and Dr Bat-clay has now pronounced her out of danger. David Wood, 32 yeaia of age, a porter, has been sentenced to sixty days' imprisonment at Glasgow for obtaining money under false pretences. The accused, who was m the employment of an upholsterer, told his master that his child was ill. Next day he stated that the child was dead, and on Saturday asked to be allowed to go home to bury the body. His employer, believing the story, allowed him to stop work, and also gave him seven shillings, which he stated he required to complete the amount of the funeral expenses. On making inquiry afterwards, however, the employer discovered that the whole story was a fabrication. In passing the sentence the Stipendiary Magistrate (Mr Gemmel) said the offence was one of the worst that eTer came before him. The New Zealand Trade Review has an article on the banking returns of New Zealand forjthe second quarter of 1890, m which j it says :—"Dv may be argued that it is un-1 satisfactory to see money thus accumulating m the hands of the banks, instead of being utilised m various enterprises which would stimulate the progress and prosperity of the colony. But it is at all events very gratifying to see that the money is thus coming m; and, as to the complaint of want of enterprise, we are satisfied that injudicious enterprise has been one of the most potent sources of of the past financial troubles of the colony. Moreover, m the present menacing attitude of labor organisations, any prudent capitalist may well be excused if he prefers 5 per cent, from the banks to all the risks attendant upon trade and oommerce," An Aucklander who recently wont Home by the Suez route pays the following compliment to New Zealand m contracting it with other countries ;—" We only stayed a, few hours at Port Said, The dancing saloon.? were m full blast, and J understood that many of the shops are never closed. The moral tone of Port Said is very low individually and collectively. Wo spout a few hours on shore at Naples, but I wsib not favorably impressed with the place. It looks very pretty from the deck of the steamer, but rather disappointing when one gets inside. The streets seem full of low women and designing men. There seems to bo a blight upon the family and national life of the Italians. I have felt very proud of New Zealand during this tour. Adelaide is the only city the moral tone of which Avill bear any comparison with our colony. We consider our fair colony rather bad sometimes, but Melbourne and Sydney frcek with.sia.' As for Naples and Port Said they are as bad as Sodom ih olden timc.s." One of tho English representatives at tho Le.bor Conference m Berlin, was Mr Burt, M.P., the miners' representative for North Durham, and a miner himself. On his way home from the Conference he delivered an address to a mass meeting of operatives at a manufacturing town m Belgium. The following is au extract from his speech;— "Trust m yourselves and help yourselves. You have m combination a power capable of effecting aj] y<Wr legl^ffl**^ objects, even to the reduction.*)! the hours of labor within reasonable limits ; and without combination not even legislation will help you. Strike if you must when all other methods of securing your objects have failed, but bear m mind that a strike is a dangerous weapon, not to be lightly taken m hand. Conciliation and arbitration are m most cases a better and mere reasonable way. Above all eschew violence and illegality. Trust m the justice and reasonableness of your cause, and learn, as Englishmen have learnt, the inestimable yalue of patient, steady, persistent agitation, by legal. ratip|ial, aftd OQnatftutjqnal means. So. only will yqu permanently better jour condition without fqrfeitiug that Ijelpful sympathy whicfy is now accqrded to yoii by all classes of society, from the highest tp tjje lowest. Yqur worst enemies are those whft counsel intimidatiqn, violence, and outrage." At a meeting of the Committee of the Ashburton Racing Club on Saturday evening the draft programme for the Spring Race meeting (November }9 and 20) was submitted and approved a^ follows;—-Fjr?t day—Hurdle Race Handicap qf 45 sqvs, two mikjs j Majden Plate (district) of 20 sqvs, one mile ; Ashburton Cup Handicap, of 70 soys, qnc 'mile and a half; Windermcre Handicap (district), of 30 soys, six furlongs ; Novel Race of 25 soys, four furlongs ; Spring Handicap of 40 soys, one mile; District Welter Handicap of 30 soys, one mile. Second Day—District Hurdle Race Handicap^ qf 35 sqvs, one mile and a balf; Ashburtoii Racing Club Handicap of frf) sqvs, qne mils and a quarter; Disposal stakes of 30 soys, six furlongs; Winchmore Handicap (District), of J?0 sqvs, one mile and a quarter ; $pen Welter Handicap, of {$5 soys, one mile; Allenton Handicap (District), 30 soys, one mile ; Flying Handicap, of $5 soys five furlongs. The stakes amount to £505 as against £445 at the corresponding meeting Jast year, and no increase has been made m tlja fogs payable by owners, Mr J, Oresswell was re-elected hajidicapner ; Mr A. Hewson, clerk of tho course ; ana Mr D. Thomas, starter, for the ensuing year. Use of the Race Course was granted to the Ashburton Trotting Club for a trotting meeting to be held (Turing October, conditionally upon the Canterbury Jockey Club making no objection.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2495, 19 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2495, 19 August 1890

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