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Ifp Julian Thomas "The Vagabond," m conoiudiug a i#i;gthy and favorable notice on H. M. Stanley, ,yjiik W'J)om at one time he was closely intimate, says :-.«f f[ ; M. Stanley retutnad to Africa to be war wrres^ndent m the Ashantee war, to cross Africa from east to west and to become Governor-General of the Congo Free State and the trusted friend of King Leopold of Belgium ; to disappear into '.Darkest Africa,'to acuieyp a higher triumph, than Lord Wolseley, who failed to save Gordoa. (Stanley succeeded m saving the wretched German, Emm Pasha, who has so ungenerously repaid him Of havfng passed through the most horrible trials a«,i(i dangers ix> Keatth and release him from bondage. And ! mow ,&ta«ley has returned to civilisation from the scenea 4 # )}} s triumphs. The other day he was n*a*i4?</ fn Westminster Abbey, where a few years Hg<i.% followed i Livingstone's body to the grave, f v my ■ mp.n4 there is no more heroic figure In this century m^i} that of Henry M. Stanley, the young journalist who was discovered by vfemes Gordon Bennett. .As a journalist, I am j^wid to think that 'his Bit<ii<**s [s due m the nrst ftfoce to his connection with journalism, lieiifcs fought the good iigh.t and deserves his will e&i'bcd rest. May the re-' mainder of his life be passed l)M*t honor, j io-v«, obedience, troops of friends," 1

Cool sheds are to be erected at the Melbourne railway station for the reception of dairy produce. The new Victorian railways assented to by Parliament will be 1116 miles long, and will cost over £14,500,000. The prison popu ation of England has fallen off so much of late years that out of 113 prisons fifty-seven have been altogether closed. Replying to Major Steward (Waimate), Mr Richardson said there was no intention to introduce this session legislation dealing with the codlin moth pest. A bankrupt bank manager at Nelson cannot get through the Court because his wife has £4000 a year, and she will not advance a cent to pay a small dividend to his creditors. At a poultry farm near Melbourne there are incubators at work capable of turning out 10,000 chickens at one time, and there were recently no fewer than 4000 newlyborn young on the farm, m addition to 1300 other fowls. . Customer—"l should like to see some of your checks for this season." Tailor—'' Yes, sir, certainly, and I should like to see some of yours for last." The oldest reigning secular monarch m Europe is William 111., King of the Netherlands, who is 73 years of age; the youngest is the King of Spain, four years of age. A recently published list of millionaires was headed with the name of Jay Gould, the American railway king, said to be worth £55,000,000, and having an annual income of £2,800,000. ; At the Coursing Meeting at Dunedin yesterday the final round of the Champion Stakes was won by Mr C. C. Gordon's Blue Cap who beat Mr W. Gardiner's Stormy Night. The criminal sittings of the Christchurch Supreme Court begin on Monday before Mr. Justice Denniston. The calendar contains twenty-six charges against nine prisoners. Twelve of the charges are cases of forgery. The barque Anglo-Norman left Oamaru on Thursday for Queenstown or Faimouth. The vessel had a cargo of 10,300 bags of grain from this colony, and is under charter to Messrs Friedlancler Bros., of Ashburton. Thomas Carlyle observed :—" This that | they call the organisation of labour is the universal vital problem of the world. It ia the problem of the whole future for all who will m future pretend to govern men." With a view to drafting legislation to deal with insects which injuriously affect vegetation m Victoria, the Government has convened a conference of representatives of the Horticultural and Fruitgrowers' Associations. According to Mr Goldie, M.H.R., LieutColonel Hume is drawing as salary something like £1000 a year. He holds three or four positions, and is drawing £700 a year as Inspector of Prisons, £150 as Commissioner of Police, £100 a year out of the contingency fund, and £50 for house allowance. One unexpected case m connection with the labor trouble is that of an over-anxious employee on the railway who has been so exercised m mind over the probability of a strike, and the evils consequent upon it, that his 1 brain has been turned. He has had to be removed from work, and will, m all probability, be sent to the Sunnyside Asylum for treatment. The practice of exposing the dead to the public view still obtains m Naples. Recsntly, m one of the small streets, a baker lost his only daughter—a very beautiful girl of 16. I saw her, says a writer m the Referee, after she was dead, because the baker had cleared all the bread from his shop window, and had put his pretty dead daughter there instead. And for a* whole day she lay there surrounded with beautiful camelias and lovely flowers until it was time for her to be placed on the bier and carried off to Campo Santo. An Austrian has devised a shell containing oil to be fired by ships m bad weater m order to calm the waves around, or rather .ahead of them. It, consists of a wooden cylinder about 20 inches long, containing a quantity of oil. The holder is lined with shellac to keep the oil from penetrating the wood. The .shell also carries a phosphide of calcium light. When.ffired from a mortar provided for the purpose, the light discovers its position, and the oil sheds itself over the surface of the sea. Experiments were recently made with it, and it,was found that m some 12 minutes after the shell fell the water calmed over a circular space of about 1000 square yards. A Bill has been introduced into the New South Wales Parliament giving power to the Governor to remit any penalty for an offence under the Sunday Observance Act of George the Third, which is m operation m the mother colony. The measure is the outcome of a recent conviction of Mr John Solomon, the well-known theatrical manager, for conducting Sunday night concerts at the Criterion Theatre, and is intended to protect newspaper proprietors wiio have unwittingly rendered themselves liable to ruinous penalties by publishing advertisements relating to Sunday entertainments. The Canterbury Branch of the Railway Servants' Society passed the following resolution at a meeting held at Christchurch last evening : —" That the Secretary be instructed to convey by letter the thanks of this Committee to Mr Garstin, the Traffic Manager at Christchurch, for the courtesy he has always shown to officers of the Society, and to assure that gentleman of the respect and good wishes of the Canterbury Branch of the Railway Servants' Association.'' A Cqmmittee was appoiuted to consider the subject of presenting a testimonial to the delegates who interviewed the Commissioners at Wellington, Kaiser William selected a dinner at Konigsberg for delivering his conception of kingship m the following speech :—"lt was here, m the palace church, that His Majesty |he late Emperor William I. again proc'aimed before the whole world his Kingship by the grace of God. This ' Kingship by the grace of God ' expresses the fact that we Hohem;qlje.rifg accept our crown only from heaven, and are fiespoueibo to heavon for the performance of its duties. I, too, am animated by this view, and am resolved to act and to govern on this principle." Small contractors and others at Martinsville are complaining that they are being rained by " Maori cheap labour," which is becoming as great a tenor there m this way as the if neathen Chinee "m California. The Maori holds a little jqkep up tys Uqeve tfyat enables him to euchre the Caucasian at the game of contracts. He works Sunday and weekdays alike, aud so secures the odd trick. On a recent Sunday, passing by one of the large estates, the traveller might have seen some two or three double-furrow ploughs hard at work belonging to Maori contractors, who had taksn the work at 10s per acre for j clearing and plongtyiig ? a pric.e at \y hjch a European could not Uaye jnade wages or, anything like them. ' Says the "Post " ;—Mormonism is shown by the report of the Government Native Agent |to ue almost the only religion professed by the Na^jves of the Waikatp and King Country, missionaries from Salt Lakp (Jiiy haying lived amongst the Maoris' for several years, -Th,e objections raised against their sect m America and .njkewhepe do not, however, apply to New Zealand, for \vhar. ever was objectionable m religion and practice has not been introduced here, and the agent testifies that the result of their teaching amongst the Maoris has been good. The reasons assigned why the missionaries and their teachings have found favour with the Maoris are m their " evident sincerity, their humility, the cheerfulness with which they wp with hardship, and their readiness to 'adopt the 'Matn'i s£srlf| of "living," "They never make''collections ot> asft "for money, neioher do they seek to acquire larid 'or'mix themselves up m any matters which do liofc belong to their particular sphere. '" •

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2493, 16 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2493, 16 August 1890

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