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The English language was used in a recent troaty between Russia and China. The entire Catholic population of the United States is put at 8,277,039. A petition in support of the Shop Hours Bill 13 being largely signed in Oamaru. ' The barque Anglo-Norman left Oamaru on Thursday for London with 10,300 sacks of grain. The vine beara three kinds of fruit: The first, pleasure; the second, intoxication; and the third, remorse. Biamark says the discontent of capitalists is much more dangerous than the discontent of workmen. -i The first Russian "Temperance^ Society" has just opened head-q.uarters at St. Petersburg under high patronage. Emperor William has summoned a conference of eminent scholars to discus 3 the Bubject of a fixed uniform German orthography. Mr Henry Goldney Baker has been elected unopposed for the Mount Hutt Riding of the County Council, supplying the vacancy caused by Mr Julian Jackson's retirement. A Western paper supplies this beautiful simile : " You might as well try to Bhampoo an elephant with a thimbleful of soapsuds as attempt to do business and ignore advertising." After a rapid decline in numbers the first half of this century, the Quakers are slightly increasing in Great Britain and gaining quite fast in America, largely by accession from other religious bodies. According to a recent report from Mexico, at the census of last year of the city of Mexico and federal district, out of a population of 451,246 only 171,246 were returned as able to read and write. Mr T. McKenzie is to ask the Minister of Agriculture whether the Government wil this session amend the Slaughterhouse Act ( in the direction of permitting farmers to kill pigs for market without taking out a license. It has been authoritatively stated in Wellington that from four to seven per cent, of the cattle slaughtered there are known to be suffering from cancer and tuberculosis, which complaints, it is said, are known to be prevalent in other parts of the colony amongst the animals. It is reported from Palermo that a rich banker, Signor Filippo Arrigoni, of Trapani; and his son and servants, with whom he was travelling in Sicily, have been carried off by a gang of bandits, who had clad themselves as carabinieri, and that a ransom of £10,000 has been exacted. The Canadian Government has granted the contract for the conveyance of mails between Canada and Great Britain to the Allan Line for another year, after which there is to be a new and very much faster service under a contract for ten yeara, at about £100,000 a year. ' In the event of a European outbreak, Great Britain would be able to send to sea at a month's notice 44 modern battle-ships and belted cruisers to cope, in case of necessity, with France's 23, Russia's 15, Germany's 12, or Italy's 10; so that no possible combination of any two of the great Powers would place England at a disadvantage, It is reported from Zanzibar that in th* action brought by the Emm Pasha Relic' Committee against Tippoo Tib, for breach of contract and resultant loss to Mr Stanley's expedition, Mr Cracknall, the Consular judge, haß ordered substituted service of the notice for hearing, which is fixed for six months hence. The damages are placed at £10,000. The first settlement in Western Australia was in 1826. Iv that year a detachment of the 39th Regiment and some 50 convicts, were sent from Sydney to form a station at Albany, in King George's Sound. \ A few years later this pioneer settlement was transferred to what is now called Rocking-* ham, a short distance south of the present port of Frcmantle, on the west coast. A Russian Commission of four members, among whom are M. Dournovo, Minister of the interior, and M. yon Plehwe, his assistant, is at present drawing up a Hill for the regulation of the position of the Jews in Russia. It is "stated that the measure scarcely meets the wishes cf the Jewish element; it is, on the contrary, conceived in a spirit of opposition to their desires regarding the solution of the question. At a meeting in Nelson it was laid down as one of the duties that the Farmers' Association should communicate with the markets of the world, and find out the true value of produce and obtain it. Farmers had to contend with droughts and other drawbacks over which they had no control, but they had control over the disposal of produce, and they should see that they got the market value of what they grow.

In America the authorities itre making efforts to suppress narrow tires', on street vehicles. It is asserted that the present narrow tire cuts up the public roads, causing vast expenditure, and is no lighter for haulage than a tire twice the width. Eor traffic on unmade roads the broad tire is unquestionably superior, as the weight of the load will sink the narrow tire deep into the soil over which the broad tire would pass safely. At Wakamii last night there was a good attendance at the Wesleyan Jubilee meeting the Rev. J. N. Buttle presiding. Addresses were delivered by Revs Luxford, Morley and the Chairman. The collection inclusive of promises, totalled £15. During the evening the choir, under the conductorship d Mr Bateman, rendered very creditably several musical selections. The services this evening will take place m the Wesleyan Clurch, Cameron street. Tea meeting at 6 p.m., after which addresses will be delivered by ministers and laymen. A very satisfactory meeting of th« local " Patience" Company was held last night, no less than fifteen female voices being present, and a fair sprinkling of males. The cast of characters is not yet complete, but the parts will be filled up perhaps by next meeting. Owing to the difficulty that has been experienced m finding qrchestral seqres jn the colony a slighj delay hasj qecured m getting the orchestra to work, but the work of preparing scores for thirteen instruments has been undertaken by tlje leader of the orchestra, Mr R. Wood, an<T these are expected to be ready by next meeting, so that no time will be lost m this direction, A correspondent to a Wellington journal signing himself "Lancer" has stated that .Colonel Hume is to be commended for truthfully and fearlessly showing to the taxpapers .of the''colony fcbaj, |ho large sum the New 2fcq.laud Rjifle Association is drawing annually from the Ooyepninenfc is not being wholly expended, as it should be, m attempting to make these meetings the Wimbledon of New Zealand, but rather to provide an annuity for certain persons.. This statement Captain Somerville deems it his duty to contradict lnttsVjemchatically., and he proceeds to say, m justice io Oolo^el IJume that the report does not convey tins cpiistr^iion ," Lancer'? would put upon it, whom, howeVer, the Captain will no£ bandy words wi^li, biitenclosing a balance-sheet d the intercolonial mating & 'the editor, says:—"The grant from ffarijameut iwt /<#* H raS $ sP ecia« one of £1000 (previously £500)'.' O'ufr of this the Defence Department received £336 3s Sd. The prizes m money alone came to £1763, and the medab and shield purchased' specially for tlie meeting came to £140, ma&Jng a totai of £1900 spent m prizes. TEi's, I thinfc* i% # sufficient answer to. 1 Lancer's.' iiisanuaticws a? M> being misappropriated. 1 am not awavs of an§r person receiving an annuity from tlmAssp:-, oJation, and can say atxtlioratively that 'iWe'f? i^ot a particle of truth m the stateAs the wliirl of time has again ushered m the busy spring, and .to be prepared to supply the requirements of Nature and of their WnwOßg patrons, Messrs J. Scaly and Co. have' completed tliejr selection of seeds, which are of the choicest c^uaiity obtainable,, and which include clovers, turnips, maw*, gjQl43 ? carrots, rape, perennial ryegrass,, cocksfoot, >ilpp)ianb sweed, garden, and, flower seeds m endless yavities, and garden | recjiiisities of every description. For jbhe convenience of patrons who cannot make their purchases during the day the premises will be open to nine p.m. on Saturday evenings on and after the 16«h August. J. Scaly and Co. have also empty tanks for sale.— (Advt.) . , ■

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Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2492, 15 August 1890

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Ashburton Guardian Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2492, 15 August 1890