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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna et Veritas et Prævalebit. SATURDAY, AUGUST 9, 1890. LOCAL AND GENERAL

The total gold circulation of Great Britain is £102,500,000. A correspondent writing to a Dunedin newspaper says the Maritime Council is "an irresponsible body of organised ignorance." : The Swiss workmen have decided to obtain the passing of an Act by the Legislatures; limiting a working day to ten hours. Members of the Postal Telegraph Association have made Dunedin their head quarters by a substantial majority. The population of Africa is now estimated at 325,000,000. The area is three times that of Europe, the population being about equal. The French are making an honest effort to suppress slavery within the sphere of their influence m North Africa. The assessable value of the city of London, which m 1840 was the respectable sum of £824,539, is this year £3,845,995. The State papers of James I. prove that Local Option was fully established m Jersey as early as the year 1615. In a Liverpool church recently a bride and bridegroom were nearly blinded by a quantity of flour thrown over them by a woman. ! iThe skeleton of a mastodon, 22ft long, has been found at Highgate, Ottawa. The teeth are Bin long and 3in wide, and the tu3ks are 14in. long. The skeleton is well preserved. According to a recent work on longevity, published m Norway, the average duration of life m that country is 48"33 years for men, aad 51*3 for women. It appears from statistics published by the Government of India that m one year, while 928 persons were killed by tigers, more than 1000 children were carried^off by jackals. The Duke of Northumberland, perhaps the greatest landowner m . England, has just entered his eighty-first year. He owns more than two hundred thousand acres.lwith a rentroll of £175,000 a year. The memoirs of the ex-Empress Eugenic will be first published after her death, and not m the immediate future, as has been stated recently by several Paris dailies. They will reach back to 1859. The exEmpresa works at them industriously daily whenever her health allows her to endure the exertion of writing. The Auckland correspondent of the Otago " Daily Times " reports a singular accident m Geyser Valley, near the Wairakei geyser. A laden pack-horse slipped on the zig-zag path and plunged down the slope head first into a boiling mud geyser, and never reappeared. Presently the geyser was m eruption, throwing mud 20ft high, but no trace was seen of the unfortunate animal or the stores on its back. The Hon. G., McLean, speaking m the Legislative Council on the dignity and privilege debate, thought that not only should old members retain the rank of " Honourable," but they should also retain their railway passes. He considered that not only ex-Councillors but ex-members of the House of Representatives should retain their railway passes. If the olause were adopted, he said, it would be a good investment for the country, because members when travelling would take their wives and families with them. An industry on a very extensive scale is m course of being established by Mr John Curtain, near Dooiue, Victoria, where it is his intention to plant XXX) acres m vines solely for the purpose of making brandy therefrom. Already 200 acres have been planted, and it is the intention of the proprietor to transfer his distillery plant from Melbourne to Dookie, and compete for the bonus offered hy the State to those who establish a new industry. The pension abuse is growing rapidly m the United .States. It is announced that the total amount paid m 1888 was 80,288,508 dollars, and last year this enormous sum was increased by over 7,000,000 dollars, the actual amount paid being 87,624,779 dollars. In 1878 the pension list of the United States amounted to a little over 27,000,000 dollars. That was bad enough, but since then it has increased by upwards of 60,000,000 dollars. David Ijecknmn, a Mormon elder who has been enticing people away to Utah, was recently terribly whipped near Gibson. A party of masked men surrounded the house of a recent convert, and called upon him to surrender the elder. The victim was found crouching m the loft of the house. He was denuded and whipped. A coat of tar and feathers was then applied, and ho was given the order to leave the country for over. He started on his trip at once. His Honor Judge Ward yesterday granted a new trial m the case Paterson v Lublow— on the question of damages for the broken arm, owing to the contradictory nature of the jury's findings on thi3 subject; the decision of the jury on the flax contract to stand; and the whole question of cost 3to stand over until the close of the case. The annual fancy dress ball under the auspices of the Ashburton Hunt Club was held last evening m the Oddfellows' Hall. The building was crowded, and although many of the costumes had appeared on previous occasions there were a good few that were quite fresh. About 200 were present, and Messrs Fleming, from Christchurch, supplied the musia An excellent supper was laid by Mr W. C. Davis m a marquee adjoining the hall, and altogether a most enjoyable evening was spent. The Forest Conservancy Branch of New South Wales supplies the following particulars of the magnitude of forest conservation m that colony. Since 1877 the revenue from State forests has grown from £4324 to £17,137 m 1889, There are 918 reserves containing a total estimated area of 5,553,388 acres, It is reported that m five or six years there will be ready for felling on the Murray River forest reserves an immense number of red gum piles fully 60 feefc m length, and these will be wortli to the Department at least 25s each. The value of this timber is shown by I the fact that for beams measuring 12 inches i by 12 inches, and 25 feet m length, millowners get from £4 10s to £6; m some instances more than one such beam being obtained from a tree. The demand for timber on the forest reserves is found to increase as the Crown lands become alienated, either by sale or conditional leaße giving the right to purchase, which shuts out the timber-gerf te from such lauds. None of the Australian colonies have suffered such heavy losses through droughts as New South Wales, In a recent document the Government statist showed that during a term of fifteen years there were losses m sheep alone amounting to a total of 55,000,000. In 1884, when there were some 37,000,000 m the colony, the losses amounted to 12,000,000 m round numbers. During these 15 years there were only 5 that were free from losses. During these calamitous droughts it was found that m some districts small stores of fodder saved immense numbers of stock. Hundreds of tons of hay were brought from fcfre Hunter river to Riverina. New Zealand and Tasmanian chaff were used m many of the Western districts of this colony. It is quite true that i/; does not pay to feed sheep of ordinary quality on hay or chaff which costs £10 per ton ; but it is not true that on many of the places where the imported food was used home-grown feed-stuff of better quality might have bt'-on provided at from £1 to £3 per ton ? There could be no stronger argument m favour of ensilage. It also points to the value of cultivation m connection with the keeping of stock,

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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna et Veritas et Prævalebit. SATURDAY, AUGUST 9, 1890. LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2487, 9 August 1890

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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna et Veritas et Prævalebit. SATURDAY, AUGUST 9, 1890. LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2487, 9 August 1890