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The list of bilk on the order Paper has now crept up to 61. The Hon. Mr Mitchelson has given notice to introduce the Licensing Prohibition Bill. It took seven years to make a handkerchief for which the $mj>reßß of Russia paid £1000. Three German naval officers were recently sentenced to imprisonment for accepting bribes. The "Printer's Album" says the typesetting machine will not supplant the compositor. Russia has ordered from St Etienne, France, smokeless powder cartridges to supply 1,000,000 rifles, Antwerp is on the decline, Hamburg and Rotterdam are drawing otF its commerce by lower port charges. Baldheailed men are so numerous m Chicago that a male audience m that city is said to look, when viewed from above, like a cobble-stone pavement. Anna C. Brackett, who seems to know, says the side-saddle was introduced m England by Anna of Bohemia, who was defqrmcd, and who married Richard 11. A man named pharlesGray, m the employ of Mr AfthttV frW?avd, Wmton, fell dead while at wovk on Monday mopning. The deceased was f)8 yoars old, aijd Ijad been a sufferer from heart disosj.Bft, Mr Bruce wants the Minister of Lands during the recess to consider the advisability of placing the small grazing runhoklers on a similar footing to the holders of perpetual leases when they so desire. A meeting will be held on Tuesday afterft.o.on next, at the Orange Hall, at 3 p.m., to fuct^pr consider the question of establishing a Farmers' £o- t opcrative Association m ABhburton. I The following arc the returns a the Asbburton Hospital for July :—ln Hospital Ist of month, 9; admitted during month, 14 ; discharged, 9 ; died, 2; remaining m hospital 1$ August, 12. Ai y. fHtytinz of the Committee of the Canterbufy ,J</%esr fjlub yesterday afterI noon Mr A. Boylfc ?yas anpflinfpd starter. ! The appointment of secretary was deferi.^u, fp.eijJi applications to be invited. The jUafron of the 4shb'jrton Hospital desires to aaiiMWlfityc, wfth thanks, receipt of flowers and fiiufc from Mrs Lea, books and periodicals from Mesdanies Pafctroan, Bishop, and Manning, and Messrs Qolyer and Matthews, for the use of the Inmates, The Lytlelton lumpers held a meeting last night and decided to stand by the Maritime Council m the dispute with Messrs i Whiteombc and Tombs, resolving not to hv.}i\]p any of the firm's goods after that day. T~he h- <i.v,cy River Argus " says :—" It will I not bo long b'enufi f-here will be a coal | famine m Greymouth. '*'li# coal yards are empty, and nine-tenths of the popuiatny are either short of coal or without it altogether.' The position, disagreeable as it is even now', I ;jj likely to be aggravated if all we hear is ii;V-fe. 'j.t is reported, though the accuracy of t;he 's-ka^iieNfi f.s open to doubt, that the will 'Ivj prohijjito) tyoin getting coal from tVestporf. U thai 'sHujuiil i# sp fhe public will be placed i» il fjueer pmUcament."

Auckland bakers have resolved to boycott any miller who supplies flour to bakers who attempt to undersell others. A man whose name is supposed to be Clark was drowned at Lyttelfcon on Wednesday night. He fell off the Ruapehu's ladder when going on beard. Mr J. M. Toomey addressed the electorate of Timaru on Wednesday evening, and declared himself an out-and-out supporter of the party led by the Hon Mr Ballance. In the House on Wednesday the Estimates were again under discussion, and were reduced by some £3000 m the Lands Department, notwithstanding that the Minister of Lands fought hard against any reduction being made. ....,...,. The Auditor-General having surcharged the Napier borough council with £8 8s spent m. the reception of Lord Onslow, the council last night voted that sum to the mayor by way of salary, and he will hand it back as a refund of the surcharge. From a person who was at Timaru on Wednesday, we ("North Otago Times") learn that for a section of 450 acres of land adjacent to Station Peak, the Canterbury Land Board received 51 applications. A number of sections of land ranging from small areas up to 484 acres were open for selection at Timaru yesterday. Mr Justice Denniston gave judgement at Christchurch yesterday for the defendants m Stowell v. Geraldine County Council. The action was brought to compel the council to restore Pareora bridge as it was before falling into disrepair. He thought that plaintin's had failed to show any ground for interference by the Court with the discretion, admittedly honestly exercised, of defendants as to the traffic requirements of the bridge m question. In our market report of yesterday's Addington sale will be found a line of sheep quoted at 34s 6d per head. These sheep, which were crossbred wethers, were bred by Mr D. McKendry, of Cairnbrae, and :have so far put up a record m value which will take a lot of beating. They were estimated to turn the scale at about 1401 b each, and would not be bought for freezing purposes, but rather taken by the Cnrist.ehurch butchers for show mutton m their shopsAn accident happened to Mr A. Dawson as he was walking from the Somerset Hotel right-of-way to Scott'a stables yesterday afternoon. He was going for his horse and trap, and appears to have tripped, and m falling his foot doubled up under him, causing a bad break of both bones of the right leg just above the ankle. The same leg had been broken on a previous occasion. Mr Dawson was carried into the Somerset Hotel by some bystanders, and was attended to until Dr Tweed arrived, who set the injured limb. The remains of the late Mr. A. J. Howell, who died somewhat suddenly on Saturday morning after only a few days' illness, were interred at the Rakaia Cemetery on Tuesday. Deceased was highly respected m the district, and being always ready to do a kindly action will be much missed. Great sympathy is felt for his widow and family. In spite of the bitterly cold weather a large number attended the funeral, amongst whom Were many members of the Masonic fraternity,. deceased being an officer of the Rakaia Lodge, and taking great interest therein. The service m the church and at the grave vras conducted by tho Rev H. Collins, and the Masonic funeral service was road by the W.M. Bro C. A. C. Hardy. The "Figaro" says:—"The madness of modern Paris springs from intemperance and ' over pressure,' but chiefly from alcoholic excess. In 15 years alcoholic insanity has nearly doubled amongst men, and h;is more than doubled amongst won-en. 'Overpressure, alone will not explain the increase of progressive general paralysis of the imuuic, and its continual augmentation h m <;viile«it relation with increasing intemperance. Dr Gamier states that alcoholic hmsiiry m more and more taking forms that are violr.nt and dangerous to life. It is alcohol which m the great purveyor for the iusame asylums, and is the enemy agaiiist whom, above nil others, it is necessary that we should dcfoixl ourselves." Commenting on the death of Lord Ham inond, " Atlas," m tho " Worl-I." recall* the good story aliout his accession to "Jn; tii:'r\ In 1874 Mr Gladstone offered him a. '•baronetcy " by telegraph, but by some mir;chance the word got changed m transmission to " barony,''and before it could be rectified Mr Hammond gratefully accepted tliß proffered Peerage. In order not to di^vipnmn'., so old and faithful a servant to the public, Mr Gladstone induced the Queen to act us if no miatfika had occurred,and Lord Hammond never learned till long afte* 1 how much h was indebted to the, careless telegraphist. The anecdote, "Atlas"adds, would have been more probable if Mr Gladstone had not elevated the Civil Service by enobling Lords Cottosloe, Thring, and Lingea. That combination of labor to force capita.l to recognise its necessities are not of recent date there are ample records to prove, far back as 1823 the spinners of Scotland took the following oath, which is certainly us extreme as any unionistic measure of the present day;—"l, A. 15., do voluntarily swear, m the presence of Almighty God, and before these witnesses, that I will execute with zeal and alacrity, as far as m me lias, every task or injunction which tho majority my brethren shall impose upon me m furtherance of our common welfare, as the chastisement of knobs, assassination of oppression and tyrannical masters, or the demolition of shops that shall be deemed incorrigible ; also that I will cheerfully contribute to the support of my brethren who shall lose their work m consequence of these exertions against tyranny, or renounce it m resistance to a reduction m wages." There is now on view at the music warehouse of Messrs Milner and Thompson a splendid cabinet of New Zealand woods, intended as a wedding gift from the Irishmen of Mew £ealai}d to Mr Win. O'Brien, M.P. The cabinet is surmounted by a looking-glass, and m the front has a shield with the following inscription : —'' A wedding gift from a few friends and Irishmen, Christchuich, Canterbury, New Zealand." The gift, which was procured from Mr A. J. White, is the more appropriate inasmuch as it comprises a representative collection of I^ew Zealand woods. These are limn, tptara knot, totara bog, totara treo, moko,, hqlicria, ngaiq, rewa,rewa, puketoa, red matipa and kahikatea. The cabinet is a splendid specimen of cabinetmaker's work, and will, no doubt, be highly prized by the recipient. Ifc may be noted that Messrs Macnamara and Lonargan have been most active m collecting for the object. —" Christchutch Press." A Mr Watson, writing to an Australian paper says:—The fear that labor, Avhen thoroughly organised, will become arrogant and agressive is groundless. Those days are gone when might was considered right, and iij. its place, lias arisen tfyat spirit of justice and equity to all, which is throbbing m the hear-ts 'of tr up loveps of humanity. If freedom of contract wepe to be allowed, unionism would be practically dead. Tho reason, m my opinion, is this: Suppose a man was wanted for a job, two men apply, one has no one to keep but himself, the other is married and has a young family to keep. Could not the single man offer his services, say at 25s a week and live on it, 'vhile for the other to accept such would be no better than starvation. The union does not say to the single man that lie should not get as much as the married. It is their ohn private business, Freedom of contract, therefore, would practically make it a crime for a toiler to get married.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2485, 7 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2485, 7 August 1890

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