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Birmingham was created a city January 14, 1889.

An association has been formed in Wei lington to grow fruit in large quantities.

The Oamaru shopkeepers have unanimously resolved to close at nine p.m. on Saturdays.

The fifth annual football match between the Otago University and the Canterbury College on Saturday was won by Canterbury College by a goal and a try to m!.

Wellington chess players have decided to hold a chess congress about Christmas, the conditions being that any club in Now Zealand may nominate two competitors free, their members to pay two guineas fco the fund; only honafide resilents of New Zealand living 15 miles outside Wellington, bo situated that they are unable to be members of the Chess Club, may compete without payment.

A good story concerning a " lost ball " is being told in the Midlands just now, says n, London paper. It appears that the railway line passes close by the county cricket ground afc Stafford. During a recent match Mr J. Yard, of Denstone College, who plays for Staffordshire, hit a ball into a passing train, and it was carried on to Birmingham. It is alleged that Mr Ward could have kept on running out that hit until the ball had been fetched back from Birmingham by special train, but that the other side, dismayed at the prospect, agreed to compound the claim for 40 runs.

This is what a New York paper has'to say concerning the queen city of the North Island: —"Auckland, New Zealand, is a lively town, It is situated by the crater of a volcano that may break out at any moment, but that doesn't trouble the Aucklanders. They arc going to floor it with cement and make a water reservoir of it. Then if tho volcano so far forgets itself as to belch, it will be drowned out before it can get its second wind. The new reservoir will be looked after by the Fire nnd Water Committee."

Mr W. T. Whitaker, a Wellington resident, has arrived in Ashburton, having made a special visit for the purpose of interviewing the Indian oculist, I)r Kureem Btix. From Mr Whitaker's statement it appears that Dr Kureem Bux guaranteed to remove a cataract from the eye of Mr Whitaker's son for the sum of £20. After receiving £13 011 account the oculist departed from Wellington on very short notice, and without effecting a cure. We understand it is Mr Whitaker's intention to set the law in motion to recover the money paid, and substantial damages. As showing Mr Whitaker's thorough earnestness in the matter it may be mentioned that he followed the Indian Specialist to the West Coast, and not coming up with him there traced him to Ashburtou,

An offer has been made from Egypt to forward the tomb and remains of Cleopatra for exhibition at the Chicago Exhibition. The sale of land and stock-in-trade in the estate of Mr C. Homersham will take place on Wednesday, August 13th, and not on Monday next as advertised last week.

A man named Henry Lenehan was accidently killed at Cape Foul wind quarries on Friday afternoon. He got jammed bethe buffer of a truck and the crane at which he was working. A Maori woman was found dead on Wednesday in a whare at Turakina bridge Wanganui, with rats nawiag her feet and hands. The police have taken charge of the body. Sir Arthur Gordon seems to have made himself as unpopular in Ceylon by his pompous airs and graces as he did in Now Zealand. Accordingly, when his time came to depart the other day, a great crow arose and every journalist tried his hand at a lampoon. Sir Julius Vogel, in a letter received by Mr Samuel, M.H.R., states that Mr Charles Marvin, Chairman of the Taranaki Petroleum and Iron syndicate, was suddenly taken seriously ill on the eve of leaving for America to buy plant for the syndicate. " Was your patent ship protector—the 1 one to keep off torpedo boats—a success ?" " Very successful —made a pile of money [ out of it." " What are you at work on [now?" "A torpedo boat that'll blow the protector all to piecess." The services of Ereua Te Aik, Maori constable at Kaiapoi, who was in receipt of £25 for keeping order at the Kaiapoi Native Pa, have been dispensed with from to-day. It is understood that the Maoris are petitioning Parliament to reinstate the constable, Johnny came home from school the other day very much exited. "What do you think, pa ? Joe Smith, one of the big boys, had an argument with the teacher about a question in grammar." " What position did Joe take?" "His last position was across the chair, face down," replied Johnny. A gentleman in a Midland town of England, dying recently, left the bulk of his fortune to the paator of the Metropolitan Tabernacle. But the deceased had several relatives ill-provided for, and the trustees resolved to put their case before the preacher. They saw him at his house at Norwood, with the result that Mr Spurgeon placed the property in their hands for distribution among the needy relatives of the testator.

In the claim made by Sir Julius Vogel against the colony the Government will plead the statute of limitations under the Crown Suits Act, 1881. Clause 30 of the Grown Suits Act, 1881, says:—No person shall be entitled to prosecute or enforce any claim under this part of the Act (claims against the Crown by petition) unless the petition shall set forth the relief sought, and be filled within twelve months after the claim or demand has arisen."

The Rev. Geo. Barclay, (the " Timaru Herald " hears) has been offered a seat in the British House of Commons, for" an Irish Home Rule constituency. It is said that the eloquent address given at Temuka by Mr Barclay in favour of Home Rule so impressed the Irish delegates that they have endeavoxired to secure the services of so well informed and cultured an exponent of the Irish cause. The Rev. Mr Barclay recently resigned the Presbyterian pastorate of Geraidiue.

Says the "Post":—The Earl of Jersey, who is to succeed Lord Carrington, Governor of New South Wales, holds an earldom dating from 1697, but he has also the old titles of Viscount Villiers and Baron of Hoe, created in 1621. He was born in 1845, and educated at Eton and Cambridge; in 1872 he married the eldest daughter of Baron Lee, an acknowledged leader of London Society. Lord Jersey has been a Lord-in-Waiting to the Queen, Chairman of the Oxfordshire County Council, as well as Lord-Lieutenant of Oxford. He is a Conservative Peer with a rent roll worth £24,596. Lord Jersey has never taken a very prominent part in public life, but he is known to be an enthusiastic athlete and sportsman, which is almost a certain passport to popularity with the colonists of New South Wales.

This is how a correspondent to a Wellington journal expresses himself:—The decided and firm stand which the Government has taken in the interest of the rich against the middle and working classes, is so prominent in all their legislation that it can be 110 lomger misunderstood : ifc is one of the clearest examples of might against right that ever the wily brains of politician conceived. I must allow that the manner in which they have led up to the present state of things is worthy of the brains that conceived it and of the leader that has carried it out, for there is no doubt it required a great tactician, if not a good man. It has given all the advantages to one class to get rich, and has laid all the burdens on the other. And then to make it parmanent, it has robbed by law the people of cities and towns of half their representative power, nnd given it to those whom the rich think they can command as their slaves.

Dr Pombrack, writing in the Meditsinskoe " ObovriSme" on alcoholism, describes seven cases treated by hypodermic injections of strychnine—a method that seems especially in favour in Russia, where, however, it must be remembered that drunkenness presents as a rule forms somewhat different from those prevalent in this country. Dr Pombrak found strychnine a very valuable remedy, both in cases of chronic alcoholism and in those of dipsomania, not merely curing the attacks, but abolishing the desire for drink. Even the attacks of delirium tremens were influenced beneficially. The treatment must be carried out in a systematic manner, and must frequently be kept up for a very considerable period. As to the dose, Dr Pombrack in cases of moderate severity commenced with one-thirtieth of a grain, in more serious ones with one-fifteenth. He found that while the treatment was being carried out there was no necessity to order the patients to abstain from use of spirits, as they always did so of their own accord. — " Lancet."

The Women's Penny Paper is exceedingly angry with the " St James's Gazette" for saying that the lady cricketers ought to be at home learning to boil potatoes instead or careering after cricket balls and making unwomanly exhibitions of themselves. Tho W.P.P. thinks it might as reasonably say that the members of a University eleven ought to be at home cleaning plate. '' Feminine logic is, of course (comments a contemporary), beyond refutation ; but we may perhaps be permitted to remark that it has never been usual for young gentleman to clean the plate, but that it is (ov ought to bo) usual for young ladies to know how a potato is boiled. Women are constantly bewailing the disinclination of men to marry, and the late age at which they go to the altar; and if the Women's Penny Paper does not know the ck'.ef reason in this shyness, we do. She does not know what things cost; she cannot tell a prime joint from one that, has conic from Ncv Zealand ; she has never learned the art of managing servants; and she is ignorant of cookery. When she marries she not only largely increases her husband's expenses (that is inevitable, and men do not complain of it), but she diminishes his comfort by taking the management of a business she does not understand.

Mr Bradlaugh has an article in the "Speaker " defining his position on the eight hours question. Dealing with the argument from Australian precedent, he lays particular emphasis on the fact that in the colonies the eighfc hours day has been won by the organised trades withous any recourse to legislative assistance. The laboring population of Australia, he points out, is limited ; assisted immigration of poor workers is discouraged ; protective duties are enforced; there is little or no export of manufactured goods; and the high prices of all manufactured products sorely reduce the purchasing power of the nominal wage received. Mr Bradlaugh's study of the operation of the eight hours' system in Australia has shown him that it has not succeeded in eliminating meetings of the unemployed or preventing periodical demands upon the respective colonial Governments for the establishment of relief works, Mr Bradlaugh thinks it highly significant that in the Bill that was introduced into the Victorian Legislative Assembly to legalise the system, it was actually proposed to enact that even more than eight-hours day, or overtime, might be worked if agreed to between employer and employed. He also instances the fact that in New South Wales, where the eight-hours day is established by custom, overtime is allowed and paid for, and in many cases workmen are paid by the hour and not by the dayj

The Bengal police have published the following extraordinary warning to passengers at all the stations on the Eastern Bengal Railway :—" Passengers arehereby cautioned against taking anything to eat or drink from unknown persons, as there are many who live by poisoning travellers. They firtit of all court acquaintance with passengers in a sarai or some other place, and then gain their confidence on the plea of being fellowtravellers going to the same place. When they reach a place convenient for the purpose they poison the water or food of the passengers ; who become insensible, and then they decamp with all their property. They also at times poison the passenger's water when drawn out of wells, or sweatmeats bought from the bazaar, or food when being c«6ked. •

On Tuesday Mr Feldwick (Inveicargill) stated that he wished to move that a, return be laid on the table, covering the period between January 1880 and present dates, of the names of officers who l*ive borrowed money from the postal and telegraph fine fund, the amounts borrowed, the sums still owing, and the rate of salary which was being paid to them at the time when they applied for the loans ; (2) the bonuses, if any, paid to officers from the fund since. 1875; (3) the number of defaulters, and the reasons for non-payment. The Postmaster-General opposed the motion on the ground that the granting of the return would have exposed the affairs of private individuals. Mr Feldwick then stated that he had received private information that the fund had not been properly used. Mr Mitchelson stated that the loans had been granted without interest, but stated that no excessive sums had been lent. Subsequently he showed the member for Invercargill a departmental return, from which that gentleman saw for himself that the loans made ranged from £130 down to £20, only two of them being over £100. In all there had been thirty of these transactions between January Ist, 1880, and July, 1890. But of all these transactions! default was only made in one case, and the defaulter was dismissed. Out of the fund already mentioned £371 had been granted to telegraph officers' boating clubs, and only two small sums of £5 each in the way of bonuses. The total amount that has accrued from fines ia somewhere about £1100.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2482, 4 August 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2482, 4 August 1890

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