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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2479, 31 July 1890
LOCAL AND GENERAL
At a recent, meeting m Christ-church of State School teachers, it was decided to form a Teachers' Union. The attendance at the Baby Ogilen peiformance last evening was so meagre that the money was returned at the doors. We acknowledge receipt of the Union Steamship Pocket-guide and Time-table for August. There arc, it is averred, at present 4000 houses m Rome, with dwelling room for at least 20,000 persons, standing unoccupied. The highest known cost of a single pearl is said to have been paid by Tavernier at Catifiv m Arabia. It was oval, spotless, 2in long, and its price was £110,000. There are several rather high-sounding names m the new list of school teachers just gazetted, but that of Mr Cecil Augustus Victor Hotezzi De Cortanda Von Blaramberg, engaged at Pahui, takes the cake. A recent extraordinary outbreak of diphthoria at Kialla, Victoria, which resulted m the death of four members m one family, has boon traced to the insanitary condition of the dwelling house and the use of impure drinking water. The Premier of Victoria has promised a deputation from the Presbyterian Assembly that opium is m future to be placed under the Poisons Aot, and only sold by chemists under the usual restrictions. A telegram has been received from Invercargill, addressed to Mr Feldwick and other Southern members, which says :—"By the Financial Statement we gather it will be necessary to continue borrowing and add to taxation. We therefoe urge you to have the Estimates reduced as much as possible with safety to the public service m order to avoid the above contingency." An important discovery of kerosene shale has been made m South Australia at Mount Hogarth, m the far north-east, near Kuntha, where lignite of good quality has been token out for some time past. The outcrop of shale is from sft to 6ft wide, and considered superior to that of New South Wales by experts. Ten thousand acres? m the vicinity have been taken up. When the steamer Elderalie was 40 miles from Albany a fire was discovered m the saloon, and before the hose could be got ready the saloon was destroyed. The cabins all suffered more or less. The skylight on the deck was shattered, and the metal bars were bent and twisted by the intense heat. Miss Lowe, a passenger, m effecting her j escape, was seriously injured. She is confined to her bed, but is slightly improving. The fire was caused by the bursting of a paraffin lamp. It was Mr Arthur Leake, of Ashley, near Ross (Tasmania), and not Mr Peake, mentioned m a recent cablegram, who made some munificent bequests. These are :— .£20,000 to provide scholarships for the promotion of painting and sculpture at the Tasmanian University; £10,000 to establish a school for the practical teaching of astronomy m Hobart or other intercolonial cities ; £2000 to establish a technical school at Hobart: and £1000 each to the hospitals at Hobart, Launceston, and Campbelltown. Mr Lawson, editor of a Sacramento paper, ridicules the reported disappearance of Mount Shaasta. He had been up on the mountains and could see no change m the appearance of the great snow-capped sentinel of the north. He also said that the story that smoke and vapour had been seen issuing from the mountain, indicating that the volcano was m a state of activity, was merely a fairy tale. The story was doubtless started by the proprietor of some summer hotel, who hoped to entice a lot of sightseers to his place. Since his return to the colonies about four months ago, the Rev Charles Clark by his popular lecture entertainments has revived all the old enthusiasm. Although 12 years have passed since he was last m this part of the world, he is still m his prime; m fact some of the critics declare that he is better than ever. He has one or two new lectures, but the old ones seem to have lost none of their attractiveness. Both his Melbourne and Adelaide seasons were highly successful, aiul he is now drawing large houses m Sydney, whence it is his intention to sail for Auckland., ,
Ministerial travelling allowances from Bth October, 1887, to Bth April, 1889, amount to £1639 7s lid. The Hon Mr Mitchelson heads the list with £353 12s Bd.
Mr D. Thomas will sell a number of fruit forest, and ornamental trees, and shrubs at his rooms on Saturday next.
The Rev Thomas Spwrgeon, who is to conduct an evangelistic mission m Ashburton next week, arrived by the express last night. Meetings for prayer and preparation are to be addressed by Mr Spurgeon this evening and on Friday and Saturday m the Baptist Church. Christians of all demoninations are earnestly invited.
Mr Frank Lewis, the Tinwald veterinary surgeon, yesterday performed an interesting operation on one of Mr L. Markey's colts. The two-year-old colt Smith O'Brien —by Johnny Faulkner out of Tasmania— playfully seized a stirrup iron with its teeth. By some means or other the iron stuck m the colt's mouth, and the wrench to get rid of the difficulty broke the colt's jaw. Mr Lewis, with Dr • Tweed assisting, had the colt secured m Bland and Humpherys' auction room, and drilling holes m the jaw abore and below the fracture, inserted a wire ligature to secure a union. The operation was very successfully performed, and there is every chance of the colt being soon as well as ever.
Relative to the enforcing of piecework at Petone workshops, the Executive of the Railway Servants' Society resolved to communicate with the Commissioner^, drawing their attention to the fact that, by arrangements with the Society^ piecework ib to be entirely abolished, but that bonafide contract work is allowed m the cases of forging, wheelmaking, and brass founding. The price is to be arranged to the satisfaction of the employees, but if it is found that the men are unable to make a full day's pay m any one day, the department must pay the difference. It was decided to apply to the Maritime Council for affiliation, and that the attention of the Commissioners be drawn to the manner m which the heads of Departments are shifting employees from one part of the colony to another, at great personal expense and inconvenience. It was also decided to take action with reference to the shop enginemen at Addington being instructed not to book more than forty-eight hours per week, as, being continuous workers, they must be allowed overtime.
The Property-tax Commissioner m his report says he suspects wholesale evasions m the returns of personal property. He says : " It would appear that cash returned, including cash deposited with bank, etc., is £$718,000 less than the total deposited m th» banks. Added to the note circulation, this shows a serious loss of revenue, and it does seem unjust to other tax-payers ohat those who have their property m cash should so largely escape taxation. At present the Department is powerless m the matter, there being no authority given by law to obtain any information from the banks, and, m fact there are grave difficulties m the way of securing evidence even when proceedings have been taken against defaulters, it being necessary to get an order of a Judge of the Supreme Court to inspect the defaulter's account, and to enable the bank officers to give evidence. The knowledge that it is almost impossible to detect fraud has the effect of tempting many people to omit from their statements money deposited with banks and companies. This short return of cash is a grave scandal,"
The silver coinage turned out of the Home Mint during 1889 reached a total nominal value of £2,178,888. This output yielded a proiitof £801,564 9s 8d to the Mint authorities, as they purchased the bullion at, m round numbers, 43d per ounce, and issued it m stamped form at the fixed rate of 6Gd per ounce. This substantial profit, while help-, ing to provide for the wear and tear which is always going on m relation to coinage m circulation, is indicative of a state of things not quite so pleasant to contemplate. The difference between 43d and 6'fkl was a sufficient recompense to make the business of the fraudlcnt coiner both safe and lucrative, as, instead of producing spurious coins which could be easily detected, he could send out those capable of standing any tost applied to them. It is not likely, however, that the Mint will cga.ii! miiko unr-h a large annual profit for many years to come, aa the price of silver bullion has greatly increased recently, and will increase still more on account of the proposal of the United States m relation to the addition to its silver coinage. The report of the Deputy Master of the Mint (the authority for these remarks) further mentions that the total loss on> the withdrawal of light pre-Victorian gold m the Unite! Kingdom has proved to be £42,921, the average deficiency on each pound being 5"2f)9<1. In this connection it will be remembered that permission ,waa recently given to some of the colonies to, call m the light gold coinage circulating m them.
The best medicine known is SANDER and SONS' EUCALITI FXTRACT. Test ita eminent powerful effects m coughs, colds, influenza,, etc.—the relief is instantaneous. Thousands give the most gratifying testimony. Hib Majesty the King of Italy, and medical syndicates all over the globe, are its patrons. Head the official reports that, accompany each bottle. We have no occasion to offer rewards m proof of the genuineness of our references. The official reports of medical clinics and universities, the official communication of the Consul-General for Italy at Melbourne; the diploma awarded International Exhibition, Amsterdam—all these are authentic documents, and, as such, not open to doubt. We add here epitome of one of the various cases treated by Siegen, M.1)., Professor, etc. Burning of the right hand through the explosion of a small oil stove. The epidermis on the volar and palmer side of the hand of the thirty-year-old patient was completely separated and lifted up as far as the joint of the hand. The likewise lifted nails were hanging looses and half of the phalanx of the nail of the middle finger was coaled. The wounds thus contracted healed m three weeks under daily application of Eucalypti Extract dressing. The patient has retained the full use of the hand.—(Advt.) t
LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2479, 31 July 1890
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