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It: is a, singular fact that England, i France, and Germany have each contemporaneously adopted and carried out' one particular phase of co-operation. . In Great Britain co-operation .has mdstly been confined to distribution '; m France, to co-operative production ; m Germany, to banking. There is a sorb of providential fitness m this diversity. The nations have proved for each other that there are no technical difficulties m each of the three great departments of trade operations that cannot be overcome by masses of men working m unison. Co-operative production m France dates from 1848, when some masons formed a soeietjr, and by 1860 they had accumulated a capital of £14j500. Their example, has been followed by a large number of trades. • In Germany the prominent idea was that of giving the laborer command over, capital, and this lias been effected by the establishment of associations of; laborers, whose aggregate subscriptions were lent out at interest, and the profits divided among the subscribers. In England, however, co-operative production has lately received a stimulus. There are nearly a hundred societies co-operating to produce, and the number grows almost weekly. That the Socialists are not: not averse to the agency of this movement m working out their ideals is indicated by the fact that that they have established the Socialist Co-operative Federation Limited .m London. Has not the movement, m fact, struggled out. from its da j of small things and come into prominence as though it had been nursed up by fate, or Providence, to meet the impending industrial crisis ? Who does not look, upon the present attitude, and tendency of labor organisations without misgiving, however much he may sympathise with their reasonable aspirations ? What will j the end be when capitalists and labourers are formed up into two hostile camps like Gog and Magog for the final deciding battle ? Fortunately one can see already, by instances cropping up here and there, that capital, driven to straits, is very likely to find partial salvation, at any rate, m the adoption of the new solvent of the labour problem.—Exchange. :

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Bibliographic details

CO-OPERATION., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2479, 31 July 1890

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CO-OPERATION. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2479, 31 July 1890

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