The First Hospital.
The first real hospital was one situated at Epidaurus, and dedicated to pius. This hospital was m full working order 500 years before Christ. It consisted, nob only of a general hospital, but of two special hospitals m addition. The temple proper contained accommodation for ordinary or acute cases, and also a hydropathic establishment. In separate buildings were a lying-in hospital, and to the latter the aged and infirm, and, those believed to be m aiticulo mortis, wereadmitted. The priests of Saturn m Egypt treated people for lunacy 1500 years before Christ. This last fact is important, because we .find that under them lunacy was considered as a disease not to be repressed, but as one to be overcome by kindness and skilled treatment, and the temples' of Saturn combined much; that is now to be met with m our best lunatic asylums. These hospitals and asylums were founded on the pay principle; for no one who resorted to them had so! little self-respect as to desire to obtain free medical relief, and all took care to compensate those at whose hands they received treatment and benefit. There were home hospitals .at Rome 250 years before Christ, called Tabernse, Medicee, which at first only contained! consulting rooms, where the physician, usd to see out-patients on payment.! After experience it was found that therei were many cases that ; could^ he, better' treated if they were constantly under observation. So, rooms were built for the!; reception of in-patients as annexes to the Tabetnw, ydieve paying patients were ad-! mitted and treated successfully. This is! a very interesting point, because these Tabeiiuz included all the branches of our; present? hospitals— i.e., an out-patient-department, consulting rooms, and hos-; pital accommodation for paying patients ;' but all those who attended— i.e., both the in-patients and out-patients—had to pay for the treatment they received. :
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The First Hospital., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2478, 30 July 1890
The First Hospital. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2478, 30 July 1890
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