The Ashburton Guardian. Magna et Veritas et Prævalebit. FRIDAY, JULY 25, 1890. LOCAL AND GENERAL
The Rink de Paris, as may be seen by advertisement, will be open on Saturday and Monday. _ .^ The number of registered lunatics m; Great Britain and Ireland rose from 05,52» m 1862 to 111,979 m 1889. T A German pref easor claims to haye discovered the germ of diphtheria, which may lead to the more successful curls of that malady. A new professed Christ has arisen iD Prussia, and many ignorant people follow him. Notwithstanding the constant heavy emigration, the population of Great Britain has increased more than 4,000,000 since 1885. The total population is about 38,000,000. The forest tree may be felled by a wire heated to a white heat by electricity, and drawn through it, and it may afterwards be cut into boards by the same means, thus doing the work of a circular saw. lhe only drawback would be m the fact that the wood would necessarily be charred by the passage of the hot wire. A return presented to the House shows that Sir M. O'Rorke has the longest Parliamentary record, having sat m 33 sessions, Sir Harry Atkinson has sat m 29, Mr Ormond m 30, Mr Brown m 24, Mr Pyke m 21, and the Hon. E. Richardson m 21. The South Australian Premier has received several letters from leading men m adjoining colonies, asking to be provided with details of the progressive land tax scheme, and expressing themselves favorable to the proposals. It is tmderstood that the Government reckon on. an absolute majority of the House m support of their measures. A man named Robert Laurie was shooting kangaroos near Walcha a few dayi»ago, when he had an unpleasant encounter with an "old man." He had fired and wounded it when the animal closed. He sfcruek it wLh a stick, when both rolled into the creek. The kangaroo tore Laurie's clothes off, and might have caused Mm to be diowned but for the assistance oi: a friend. The advisability of introducing some of the features of the Swiss system of government is still being kept m view by Major Steward, and he gives notice to move :— " That a committee be appointed to consider and report as to the possibility of devising a system of appointing an executive government such as may be free from the evils of the present system; to report m a fortnight, j The said committee to consist; of Messrs, Saunders, Tanner, Hodgkinson, Samuel, Verral, O'Connor, Monk, Newman, Hon. Captain Russell, and the mover." The "Tablet," the London Catholic organ printed on June 7th an interview with the Pope, m which the Pontiff said:—"The persecution of me and the Church m Italy is increasing. Twelve years have I been confined within these walls, and it is only within these last few years that offences charged against me have becomes intensified. While I live I must protest againso and expose the blasphemous way Italy treated the Holy See." He expressed the determination to remain at the Vatican and defend the rights of the Papacy. The ordinary meeting of the Ashburton rpjsbytir'.an Church Musical and; Literary Society' was held m the church last evening. ■ The chair was filled by Mr A. Orr. There was a fair attendance of members, and the evening was occupied with the journal. Several original papers sent m were read by the editor, and discussed by a number of members. Amongst them perhaps the moat interesting and causing tlie greatest amount of fl:«r>n.«sinn, were the papers on " Bad Habits," " Larrikinism m Ashluurtpn," and " Why men marry." The meeting closed at the usual hour, by the chairman pronouncing the benediction. Mr Walker, speaking at a New Zealand Alliance meeting at Milton ou Monday evening, quoted the words of Sir William Harcourt, that " The. consumption of liquor is largely dependent upon the earnings of the population and the material prosperity of the country,"' and said that m the light of the fact which has been indisputably proved at Home, that high wages and short hours increase drinking and drunkenness, it behoves all unionists who are seeking to improve the lot of the working classes to go straight for the Prohibition Bill drafted by Government, and agitate for its immediate passage into law without modification or alteration." On Wednesday last the monthly long night m connection with the Rakaia Dancing Assembly was held m the Oddfellows' Hall. The weather being propitious there was a large gathering, and altogether it may be considered as one of the most successful dances of the season. Music was supplied by Messrs Connor, Duff, and. others, and dancing was kept up until well on m the morning. Mr A. C. Howcll acting as M.C. Special thanks are due to those ladies who so kindly assisted with the refreshments. Great credit is due to the Management Committee who have so successfully carried on these dances during the whiter, and a universal wish was expressed on Wednesday evening that they may be continued. It will be remembered that a cable was received some days ago from Melbourne to the effect that there-were 10,000 people there out of work. In a letter received by a contemporary from Sydney, the writer, m pathetic simplicity and earnestness, says :— " Warning to people of New Zealand. You are respectfully asked to warn the people not to come to New South Wales, as there are a thousand persons homeless, destitute, houseless, and starving, not being able to obtain employment. There are nine" hundred poor things m the Poor House of New South Wales. Please warn the people not to come here. The back country is swarming with thousands of homeless and starving people, so please do warn everyone not to come here." In certain districts of Australia the practice, of ploughing down peas as a green manure is very general, and has been the moans of practically revolutionising the system of fanning. When turned down on potato sets the peas act as a splendid fertiliser, and appear to supply or release the constituents required by the potato crop. Experiments have been tricdiin the districts with a view of determining the best time to plough the peas down, In some cases they have been ploughed under and allowed to decompose before. the potatoes were planted, m other instances they have been turned directly on to the sets, and though opinions ate somewhat divided as to which is the better plan to follow, the benefit m each Ciise is marked and unmistakable. Even when peas, instead of being ploughed down, are harvested for grain, the soil is benefited and a good cereal crop invariably follows. This has been conclusively shown by many farmers who have given the matter a trial; m fact, the pea crop has now a well established claim to be considered one of the most valuable plants that can be introduced into a rotation system. Here is the record of an Ayreshire cow that had attained the advanced age of thirty years, having had calves for the long period of twenty-five years :—-Up till mid-summer of last year, says an Ayershiro contemporary, one of the oldest cows on record might have been seen at the farm of Hall, Kirkconnell parish, occupied by Mr John Baird, a gentleman widely known and as highly respected m the south and west of Scotland. Of the pure Ayrshire breed this cow was calved on the farm—then possessed by Mr Baird's father—so long ago as the spring of 1859. When three years of age she had her first calf, after which she throve and grew so well that from a small cow she became of nearly average size, and was one of the best milkers m that large herd. She had a calf yearly for twenty-three years, and until she had reached the age of twenty-five. Shortly after this she ceased also to give milk, but waxed fat, and was pensioned by Mr Baird. She retained all her teeth till the end came, although her frame shrank and grew greatly less m bulk. In spring last ahe entered her thirty-first year, but was one fine day m the ollowing summer found dead lying m a secluded corner of the meadow, having evidently stolen, away there to die alone.