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The Mr Cecil Rhodes, who has been asked to form a Ministry at the Cape, is the gentleman who presented the sum of £10,000 to Mi 1 Parnell, for the furtherance of Home Rule for Ireland. Joseph Harrap a man not unknown m Ashburton, was charged at the Christchurch R.M. Court to-day with forging a cheque for £57. The case was a similar one to Hadfield's. Accused was remanded till Monday. Queensland is making strenuous endeavours to establish an export trade m meat. A Bub-committee has been appointed to draft the prospectus of a company with a capital of £1,000,000, of which £230,000 is to be called up. It is worthy of note that a special train took to Christchurch from the district last week 2500 fat crossbred sheep, which, on inquiry, we ("Oamaru Mail") found had been sold by Mr Burbury, on account; of Mr A. Hayes, Hakateramea, at 18s Gil m the paddock, which would be equal to £1 m Christchurch. So far as we know, this is the hightest price ever realised m the colony for so large a mob of sheep m one line m the paddock. Mi' David Bellhouse, of Christehurcl}, who is at present m Dunedin as a delegate to the conference of Protection Leagues, had an exciting and unpleasant experience on Suuday morning. A number of bullocks were being landed from the Rotorua, by which steamer Mr Bellhouse was a passenger, when one of them attacked him from the rear.He was caught under the armpits by the beast's horns, which, fortunately for him, were sufficiently wide apart to accommodate him between them, and was crrried m this way for a considerable distance. How far lie might have been conveyed it is impossible to say, had not a blow from one of the drover's fists caused the bullock to toss his head, with the result that his burden was deposited m the sea of mud that covers the streets m the vicinity of the wharves. Mr Bellhouse's clothes were considerably damaged, but he escaped himself with a somewhat severe bruising.—"Otago Daily Times."

There is no genius so gifted as not to need control and vivification. Russia peasants are flogged when they cannot pay the Government taxes. In the list of passengers by the Wakatipu for Sydney as .published m the press we find "Professor Clampett." Murdoch and his men acknowledge that they are too weak for the principal elevens m England, and (remarks a Sydney paper) too much champagne tends to weaken them still more. Divine service will be held m the Seafiekl Schoolroom on Sunday next by the Rev C. S. Bowden, 8.A., assistant curate of St. !'l(tiu£eW, Qhristchunrh, m the absence of A. Scotq The special train from Timaru this morning for the Grand National Steeplechase meeting sit Chriitchurch to-day was well patronised, and a large number of Ashburton sporting men and other passengers availed themselves of the cheap fares. The skating m the Domain soon terminated. The ice, which yesterday easily bore full grown men on its surface, had completely disappeared this morning, a sudden thaw doing this business promptly m a few hours. Many clubs m Welliugton find it difficul fc to maintain their status through members not paying their subscriptions. An association is about to be formed for the purpose of preventing such defaulters from taking part m any game or sport while their subscription, is unpaid to a kindred club. To the delegates of the Home Rule party who recently visited these colonies Victoria contributed £10,326; New South Wales, £10,517 ; South Australia, £720; Tasmania, £414; Queensland, £5572; the North and South Islands f New Zealand, £5300; malting a total of £32,888. A meeting was held last evening m the Arcade Chambers m connection with the proposed performance of Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera "Patience." A committee of five gentlemen was appointed to take preliminary steps, and to report to a meeting to be held at an early date. Mr Taiwhanga caused considerable •musement m the House one day last week by propounding a retrenchment scheme of his own. Tawhiao, he said, would accept the office of the Governor of New Zealand at £1500 per annum, a Maori Premier could be got for £800 a year, and Ministers for £400 a year each, thus effecting at one fell swoop an annual saving of £40,000. Speaking of the sparrow nuisance, a correspondent of the " Field " says:—ln consequence of a note m your columns, I have lately tried one of Wyatt's (of Bristol) sparrow traps, which m shape is like a large spittoon made of wickerwok, and find it moßt successful. It is placed where the poultry are fed, and six to eight sparrows are caught daily, I generally leave one hen sparrow m the trap as a decoy. When one considers that a single pair of sparrows will rear from eight to ten young ones during the next three months, these traps seem to deserve a trial wherever sparrows are numerous, The funeral of the late Mr J. Good, which left his late residence at Allenton on Tuesday, was largely attended. The cortege comprised fifty or sixty vehicles, besides horsemen and footmen. The deceased was an old and respected settler, whose first acquaintance with the district dates twenty-five years back. Five or six of the coffin-bearers were' countrymen of deceased, who came out with him from Lincolnshire many years ago, and whose connexlonal acquaintance and friendship has continued uninterrupted ever since. Services at the grave were conducted by the Revs Buttle and Sawle. The late Mr Good was an active member of the Wesleyan Church m the district, and was much esteemed for his consistent conduct. A memorial service will be conducted m the Wesleyan Church next Sunday evening. Darwin estimated that worms, by swallowing earth for the sake of the vegetable matter it contains and forming castings, bring to the surface as much as 10 tons of earth per annum on an acre. Worms are great promoters of vegetation by boring, perforating, and loosening the soil, and rendering it pervious to rains and the fibres of plants, by drawing straws and stalks of leaves and twigs into it, and most of all by throwing up such infinite' numbers of lumps of earth called worm casts, which form a fine manure for grain and grass. The earth without worms would soon become cold, hardbound, void of fermentation, and consequently sterile. This has occurred m many cases where the worms have been accidently or intentionally destroyed, and fertility of the soil has only been restored when the worms had again collected and resumed their fertilising work* While Mr Richard Cook was working m his claim m Long Gully, Livingstone, on Friday afternoon, a fall of earth took place, completely covering him up. His nephew, who was also working m the claim, was struck by the falling debris, but was not injured. On looking round he could not see his uncle, and surmised that he was buried underneath the debris. With commendable promptitude and presence of mind he directed the nozzle of the hose to the place where he thought his uncle was buried, and was enabled m a short time to unearth him, and then dragged him to a place of safety. Mr Cook's injuries are thought to be most serious. AtOlclhill, England, a working man named Darby and his wife put their three children, aged respectively, seven, six and three years to bed on Saturday night, 10th May, while they went to market. On their return they found the house full of smoke, and on going upstairs discovered the three children lying on the floor. Two were dead, having been suffocated, while the eldest, a girl, died on the following Monday. One of the boys got some matches, and striking one, threw it at his sister, setting the bed on fire. They then jumped out of bed and ran into the room m which they Tere found. The house i 8 a small one, and would speedily be filled with smoke, and ib is supposed the children were overcome before they could raise an alarm. The (Ashburton hounds met at Laghmor yesterday. The attendance was only fair, with a good sprinkling of ladies ■ on wheels. Luncheon was partaken of at Laghmor previous to beginning business, and after full justice had been done to Mr Buckley's good things a move was made to a paddock opposite the homestead, where puss was found at once. After a run of twenty minutes, over very awkward country, testing the jumping powers of the meeting, and very clever work by the hounds, a kill was secured m the centre of the creek. Another paddock was drawn and puss was found, taking the meet . overmuch the same country for about the same time, and killing m the swamp. Just as the hare was being taken from the dogs another hare jumped up and the hounds went off again without a moment's breathing time. After a short run this hare was lost, and the huntsman decided to whip off. More of Mr Buckley's good things, a neat speech from Mr Rees m compliment to the host for his sportsmanlike qualifies, cheers to follow for Mr and Miss Buckley and Mr D. McLean, anil the meet took their homeward way. The 54,000 tons of steel employed m the Forth Bridge is that known as mild steel, and was matte on the open-hearth or SiemensMartin process. Two qualities were employed, one to resist tensile and the other compressive strains, having strengths respectively 30 to 33 ami 34 to 37 tons per square inch m tension. Under the combined circumstances of the most adverse conditions for the stability of the structure —the maximum rolling load, and the fiercest hurricane—the strain will never exceed 7?j tons per square inch, and m some parts considerably less. It will readily be perceived how ample is the margin of safety allowed. The changes resulting from variations of temperature have of necessity to be allowed for, and m so large a structure they are considerable—an inch for every 100 feet being arranged for m expansion and contraction, the space over the whole length of the structure gives for this purpose no less than seven feet. For each pier and cantilever, with part of the connecting girder which it has to carry, eighteen inches of play have been designed. The surface of the bridge requiring to be kept painted is no less than twenty acres, while the rivets employed, if laid end to end, would cover 380 miles m length, and the plates used m the construction would extend a distance of over forty-five miles,

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2473, 24 July 1890, Incorrect date

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2473, 24 July 1890, Incorrect date

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