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Butter is being sold by Woodville fanners at from 3d to 4d per lb. About a quarter of the people of Paris live m apartments. The Russian empire has an area of 8,644,100 square miles.' A titled lady of England has (started business as a honse decorator. It may not be generally known that New South Wales pays nearly two millions per year as interest on her public debt. Two spectators who assisted the police of Melbourne m street rows have received gratuities from the Chief Commissioner. The Premier of Victoria says that there is plenty of work m Melbourne for those who are earnest m seeking it. The Rev. Mr Morley says that m half a century Methodism m New Zealand has raised a quarter of a million of money. Nearly 500 persons Avalked m procession at the funeral of the late Mr Turnbull, M.H.R', at Timaru on Sunday. Lord and Lady Carrington leave Sydney for England m the Crizaba on November Ist. A chief article of food with the fearsome Czar is eggs; he thinks poison cannot be secreted m them without detection. At the Monte Carlo jhoteis some ' weeks ago strawberries cost 25 francs a dishabout 9d a strawberry. The head office of the Bank of New Zealand has now been permanently removed from Auckland to London. A co-operative blacksmiths' and wheel- i wrights' company has been formed at Masterton. j A number of would-be settlers m the Maerewhenua district are petitioning that runs 17,300 and 301 be cut up for settlement. Death has just separated a couple m England who had been married for seventyseven years. A single tax journal has been started at Auckland, entitled "Justice: the Voice of the Toilers." Its motto is "Justice to all, privilege to none.'V It is singular that Great Britain is the only country m Europe where the doctriueis of Mormonism can be promulgated m the public streets. Mary Queen of Scots' marriage contract with Francis 11. of France is to be sold by auction shortly m London. It is a quaint old manuscript of nine folio pages. Labonchere, speaking of John Morley am a political leader, observes :—"The trouble with these atheists is that they are too dashed scrupulous for us Christians." Water has been struck m a bore at >Salatern Creek, Queensland, at a depth of 1000 feet. The estimated now is 300,000 gallons per day. The Ancient Order of Foresters 'is the largest Friendly Society, having 692,000 members and reserve funds amounting to £4,392,662Kmilo Castclar, the Great Spanish writer, believes that the Emperor William is insane, and says that upon no other theory e&h the strange freaks of the soverign be explained; It is with narrow-souled people as with narrow-necked bottles : the lees they have m them the more noise they make m pouring it out. Princess Victoria, sister of the Germa Emperor, has asked an inciease of her appanage allowance m order to establish her own household m London, as she doen not intend to marry. A scheme of elementary education m agriculture for the Queensland State schools! has been submitted by the Department of Agriculture of that colony to the Minister for Education. A Napier telegram says that a man named Thomas Mansfield was found dead m the bush at Dancvirke on Sunday. The weather was piercingly cold, and it is supposed death resulted from exposure.) A correspondent to an Otago newspaper advocates the wholesale cutting down of education expenditure by reducing Inspectors' salaries 50 per cent and headmasters' salaries 25 per cent, At Wade (Auckland) a man neglected to pay his rates, and his name was struck off the burgess roll. It afterwards transpired that he owned an »ere and a half of laud, and that his indebtedness to the Borough Council was actually three pence ! Mr Thomas Acland, one of the judges m the Canterbury A. and P. Association's small farm competitions, suggests that all the country public libraries should be supplied with standard works on agriculture, and thus giva farmers an opportunity of becoming acquainted with the best methods of agriculture thatj|accuniulated experience has suggested.

In a few years the young Ewl of Dysart will inherit £100,000 worth of property m New Zealand. It is said that Sir Robert Stout will be a candidate for the Timani seat rendered vacant by the death of Mr Richard Turnbull. The Forth Bridge cost the lives of fiftysix workingmen during the seven years of its construction, but the engineers insist that this is a remarkably good allowing. A Mrs Allinder, aged 99 years, was walking m Tamworth, New South Wales, when she was accidentally run over by a storekeeper's cart and killed. The roar caused by the breaking on the beach of the heavy surf raised by the strong sou'wester of Friday last was so great as to be distinctly audible at Geraldine, a distance of fourteen miles. The number of rabbit skins exported last year was 10,295,117, valued at £87,218. Dnnedin contributed 7,929,342 skins, valued at £66,256, and Wellington 583,198, valued at £4299. Some Chinese stowaways were found m the refrigerating room on the arrival of a steamer at Sydney. This is a new development of the frozen meat trade, but the import duties will ruin the industry. "The Rev J. Berry, senior Wesleyan Minister m Wellington, has received "an invitation to take charge of the Melbourne Church after the end of the current year. The rev. gentleman has not yet decided whether he will accept the offer. The HonMr Ballance is a North of Ireland man, Sir Harry Atkinson an Englishman, and Sir Robert Stout a Scotchman. The rose, shamrock, and thistle have each a representative among New Zealand's foremost statesmen. Under a system about to be introduced by the Minister of Defence volunteers m the four centres are to be paid £5 per year for services rendered, and an additional £1 for efficiency, provided that they have become second-class shots m musketry. A French officer writing home from Kotonou says there are men m the army there who have had fiitteen years' experience m the fanatical bravery of Mohammedan fighters, but they never saw anything equal to the reckless fearlessness of the Dahomey fighters. Tho "ghost" scare has been revived m I Invercargill, and it is reported that several women and children have been seriously frightened by the so-called apparition. It appears that the " performer," whose body is enveloped m a white sheet, and whose features are disguised by a false face, emerges from dark corners m bye-streets when he wants to have his fun. On Monday last as the brothers Benny were schooling two young horses over a goree fence with wire at Westerfied, the horse ridden by the younger brother slipped at the fence, came down, and turned over on his rider. When things got righted it was found that Mr Benny's left wrist was broken. He came into town got the wrist set again, and seems to be doing well. Mr John Hefford has enjoyed the unusual experience of gathering two crops thii season from one of hi> apple trees—an Irish peach. After the first crop was gathered m January the tree began again to blossom, thanks to the unusually forcing character of the leason, and those blossoms having come to maturity Mr Hefford has a few apples of the second crop. During the present month two of the patients at Seacliff Asylum have committed suicide. In one case a patient named Arabella Hagar, from Invercargill, hanged herself m one of the rooms about the beginning of July. In the other case, which occured about a fortnight ago, a patient named Peter Watson was found drowned m a reservior, close to the asylum. What were the attendants doing ? As allowing the intensity of last night's frost, it may be mentioned that the Domain reservoir was frozen over this morning to the depth of an inch and a half. Numerous small boys made good the time from early morning, and enjoyed a, few hours' sliding. As the aim became strong, however, the surface assumed a greasiness thac took the solidity out of the ice, and greatly ieduced the pleasure of the sliders. The flour mill empbyees of the district met m the Orange Hall on Saturday evening to form a. branch of the New Zealand Mill Employees' Union. Owing to the bad weather the attendance was almost limited to employees resident m the town and immediate vicinity, but assurances of sympathy were given by representatives of the absentees. The branch was formed, and will be represented' at the Conference to be held m rimaru shortly. A shipment of valuable American rams and ewes of choice merino breed has arrived m Melbourne m the steamship Port Caroline from London. On the vessel leaving London there were 213 sheep on board. The voyage however, commenced disastrously, and m crossing the Bay of Biscay, where the steamer was overtaken by exceptionally heavy weather, no fewer than eighty-four were killed or washed overboard. Mr T. Bullock will hold a sale of furniture and effects, clothing, miscellaneous goods, etc., at the Arcade on Thursday. In addition to a large quantity of first-class household furniture and effects removed to rooms for convenience of said, a well-assorted stock of toys, school books, pictures, etc., will be submitted, and also a quantity of readymade clothing, including men's and boys' suits, and dress materials. The sale will commence at 12.30 p.m. An old Invercargill resident now m Victoria (according to the " News "), recently said :—" Butter, cheese, bacon, eggs, and lots of other staple articles of food are frightfully dear here compared to what they can be got for m New Zealand. With butter at from 2s to 3s a pound, and eggs at 2s 6d a dozen, a working man has to regard j them as luxuries to be used on rare occassions j only instead of for daily diet as m the | island colony. Colonisation is one of the subjects upon which there are assumed to have been differences between the German Emperor and Prince Bismarck. It seems to be accepted as an article of faith m some quarters that Prince Bismarck was not eager to extend German possessions, and that the Emperor is willing to go great lengths m the pursuit of a colonial empire. The different races of the world are ranged m about the following numerical order :—The Mongolians lead with about 630,000,000, and the Aryans, which comprise practically all the people of Europe, four-fifths of those of the American continent, and all of the civilised residents of Australia, come next, with 545,000,000. The negroes are put at 150,000,000, the Semitic people at 65,000,000, the Malays and Polynesians at 35,000,000, and the Indians of North and South America a 15,000,000. A Rome' correspondent of the " Graphic " writes :—'' All the musical critics of Italy who have been present at the first four representations of the new opera, ' Cavalleria Rusticaua,' agree that a new musical genius has been discovered. The" author—a yoimg man of 26, of Leghorn, teaching music at a school m Sicily, with a salary of lOOfr (£4) per month—composed the whole opera m 50 days. The structure is masterly, and the melody rich, flowing, purely Italian. The press salutes m the young man the continuator of Rossini's and Verdi's genius."

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2472, 23 July 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2472, 23 July 1890

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