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DA TRIP HOME., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2466, 14 July 1890
DA TRIP HOME.
,/The-pfbilowihg'extracts are from the lecture delivered by Mr John Lambie, m the Kyle schoolroom on July 4th. Mr Lambie took a trip Home last year, sailing from Auckland pn ,the,\l4th<, of July m the Msbriposa. ■ 'IJethus ' wdnt. Home by the American route',; Returned viajbhe Suez Canal. ■,■< * ; :,:„■;,; : -HONOIitfLTT. J '. "F ; Fourteen days from Auckland,? a4d the Mariposa is entering, ifche; fine ; harbor of Honolulu. ,As we approach,. ■ the ; jbeauty of the country at once strike us,j; JEfills, giving marked evidence of volcanic origin, rise behind the town: jA- (l*rge flat, on which the town ;of Honolulu stands, extends for some niiles alppg the coast. We see the tall cocoa nut trees standing gracefully, with bunches of friiit and leaves at their tops ; and pass immense plantations of sugar cane, bbnanas,; mangoes, and other tropical fruits'. f The town is embowered m trees; and-the whole place seems one. mass of 'verdure.' 'When the steamer peaches thejwharf a large shed is seen, covering upwards of an acre of land, under which there are stowed some thousands of bags of sugar, and some thousands oE bunches of bananas, 'pine apples, etc,, all waiting shipment. Hundreds of natives are standing about, as well as a motley crowd from all nations.'' The Hawaiian natives greatly resemble the Maoris, arid their language is; if uch akin. The King is a native, with a* native name—Kalakaua—and jhis advisers and Government officers are white men, but they are said, by those out of o/#ce, 'to be a choice collection of scamps.' JMfach money has been spent by the ' Hawaiian Government on public buildings. A fine palace has been built for the king, surrounded by a high wall • which', .endow beautiful flower gardens." The klig, however, is said to live m a hut at^ ihe back, anriuses the palace-(inly oi Jreat occasions. The " ■principal -" fe»t*r<* -of Honolulu is the King* band of music. There are fifty performers m ib, and their instruments; \ are the' :j&noSft ;I ever saw. Their playtng'is also fine. All the bandsmen are natives; but:the| conductor is a Scotchman. This banji has carried-off first prize on several oqefsions^ iff %nd contests'in San Franciscof against f' crack bands fromall parts of.th^lgnited States. At HonbMii the 1 Marl^osa't66»k on board 12,000 bags of sugar, and a large quantity of tropical fruit for San'Franfepb^. fc 5 .,, - • ".cx%it6iimA."-':'':' • ' -1" ■ On Suhdays arid holidays 'the public parks (m San Francisco) are largelyjisedby the inhabitants, and the visitor's'at once struck by Iphe air. of independ!pnc6df b^th men and- /-\rbjmen.^.t • I •.. :*i • • •"ie drenses; of young i children ;ar«,lonf, and reach'within"two inches'of the ground. until they are five or six years of age, when they are made someMfhat shorter. A youngster of two, or 'thr^e years sailing alotig m one.of these lofig ( dosses jhas i-atlier' a comical ap>earanc"e to a Vyitor from Maorilaud. . •'• Hot6ls t Wja liquor saloons are open every day .or the week; but rs»wno4?^»§^,, r |
I observed a species of honesty not to be found m .our colonial towns. Newspapers and book packets, too large to be posted m the ordinary letter boxes m the street, are simply sufficiently stamped and laid on the tcp of the box. This may be done at any hour of the day or night, and they lie their undisturbed until the mailman comes round and collects them. SANTA CRUZ. At Santa Cruz I met an old Ashburton townsman and m company with him I visited the grove of Big Trees. I also met an old schoolmate who owns a farm of 2000 acres, and had the pleasure of seeing one of his combined headers and threshers which delivers the wheat from the paddock m bags. It was drawn by thirty mules. SALT LAKE. I visited the Mormon Tabernacle, capable of seating 8000 people r^'^fortably ; also the Temple which hua been m course of construction since 1853. It is built of white granite, and when finished will be one of the finest buildings m America. . . . A visit to the city of the saimts is not complete without a bath m the Salt Lake itself. The buoyancy of the water is such that you can sit m it with perfect ease, a few horizontal motions . of the hands being all that is necessary to keep yourself m position. . . . The Mormons are losing ground. At the last Municipal election the Saints were outnumbered by the Gentiles, and the young Mormons of both sexes are marrying out of the faith and scattering up and down the States. Mormbnism is kept up principally by proselytising. CHICAGO. At the, trrent slaughtering works of Armour and Co., I saw the champion "pig sticker " of Chicago, and pigs going through at the rate of seven per minute. On the day of my visit 2500 bullocks had been killed, and' for the year ending 31st December, 1888, the firm killed 1,140,000 pigs ; 561,200 cattle ; and 164,540 sheep. In summer 5000 hands are employed, and m winter 6000. The wage 3 paid amount to $3,000,000 per annum, the ground area of buildings is 40 acres, and the floor space 135 acres. The chill room and cold storage area cover 30 acres. BRITISH AGRICULTURE. I found agriculture and farming (at Home) very much as it was thirty years ago. Rents have been reduced to some extent, but laborers' wages have advanced m a much greater ratio, and as a consequence the farmer is no better off. The Scotch farmer at least has not yet adopted the labor saving machinery m use m the Colonies and America. The harvest laborer now stops punctually at six o'clock m the evening, m Ayrshire. He also consumes more tea and less porridge than he used to do, and m fact oatmeal is going out of fashion and dyspepsia is coming m. Three-furrow ploughs are a dark mystery, and are treated as a sort of colonial romance. The same may be said of disc harrows and self binders. But although we have nothing to learn from the Old Country m the matter of labor saving appliances for growing grain cheaply, we have much to learn m the matter of DAIRY FARMING. Cheesemaking (as now taught m Ayrshire) is almost an exact science. By means of a simple chemical test the degree of acidity m milk can be determined, and the hot iron test gives the degree of acidity m the curd with the greatest accuracy* thus enabling makers to turn out cheese of uniform quality. Of course, one of the essentials is unremitting care and another is scrupulous cleanliness m the process from beginning to end. . . Farm buildings have been greatly improved. Cattle are well housed, and fed on steamed food ; but m spite of all that our cattle, horses, and sheep seem to be m more robust health, and to be living m a more natural way. FROZEN MUTTON. A large trade is being done m the provincial towns. John Bull is slowly getting over his prejudices and taking to the frozen mutton of New Zealand, but there is a good deal of inferior meat, both English and imported, sold as New Zealand frozen mutton. Shippers ought to take care that the wholesale part of the business does not become a monopoly. IRRIGATION. On a visit to a friend m Yorkshire, between Doncaster and Goole, on the banks of the river Don, I observed a process of irrigation called " warping." This process, I think, might be very well applied to some of our land on the Canterbury plains. The muddy water of the Don is run on to the paddock through an opening m the bank, and the paddock is filled as high as the banks of the fences will allow. Then the water is shut out, and tlje land is allowed to dry. This process leaves a thick deposit of mud or silt, which renews and enriches the soil and produces splendid crops. It has the merit of being m expensive. I was so much struck by the simplicity of this plan that I made a note of it on the spot. During the summer months, when the Rakaia river is m high flood, and carrying down to the sea many millions of tons of mud, I should like to see the experiment made of covering a few paddocks with the muddy water from the river and watch the result. I saw many paddocks m Yorkshire that had been raised five feet from their original level by repeated warpings. This same process has been undoubtedly carried on on a large scale by nature when our best soils were formed m Canterbury along the banks of our rivers and creeks, and the question might be asked—why should it not be applied now m an artificial way on the thin poor soils of these plains. Now | that the Rakaia river is tapped by a water race, I hope this plan will be tried. PESSICATED MILK. While m Paris I had the pleasure of meeting one of the Directors of the Company formed to work the new patent process for reducing milk to a dry powder, and from him I learned that the plan has now passed the experimental stage and is an undoubted success. By this process the water (and ordinary milk contains 90 per cent) is completely extracted, and a dry white powder is the result. When this powder is mixed with water, it immediately resumesits original character. This process seems to open up such a wide field for the export of our surplus mjlk m New Zealand, that if it is all that the promoters claim for it, its value can hardly be estimated.
DA TRIP HOME., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2466, 14 July 1890
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