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LOCAL AND GENERAL

Farming sections have changed hands in the Mangere (Auckland) district at £28 per acre. At a sale of autographs in London n letter of Queen Victoria, dated 1854, and telling what charming skating parties they had at Christinas, fetched £4 Bs. French scientists have analysed a quart of water taken from a typhoid-infected district, and found 15,000,000 to 20,000,000 typhoid germs therein. | A man, supposed to be a thieves' fence, was arrested on the 25th ultimo in Melbourne when 500 watches and over £2000 worth of other jewellery were found in his possession. A Russian ukase has just been issued permitting the employment of women on the railroads. On the Trans-Caspian line there are female stationmasters, traffic managers, signal women, and point women. The Government, recognising the im» portance of the Mount Cook district, and its advantage in attracting tourists to tke colony, have decided upon the reservation of 38,000 acres in the Miieller district. As a sum of £1,000 has been provided iv the Estimates for the foundation of a working-men's college and technical institution in Dunedin, Mr Goldie wants the Government to provide the same sum for a similar purpose afc Auckland, Christchurcli, and Wellington. The fund which George Peabody gave for the building of improved dwellings for working people in London has turned out to be a remarkably successful investment. It has in about twenty years increased from £500,000 to £1,000,000, and on that greater sum it is now earning 3 per cent, interest. A stone coffin in a tomb in Canterbury Cathedral, on being opened, was found to contain the body of an ancient archbishop fully vested. It is thought to be that of Cardinal Stephen Langton, who sided with the barons in extorting Magna Charter from King John. Although buried six centuries ago, the features were still perfect, and the vestments quite sound. An 0-amaru storekeeper, in view of a proposal by the local unions that the charges for carting to stores and the storemen's wages shall be raised, promises to"piick the bladder, and collapse the whole movement," by the. storekeepers insisting on payment of old accounts, and cash dealings in future by members of the unions. At Temuka there appears at present to be a small forest of ox cabbages. On an acre one gentleman has about 4,000, some of which are said to weigh as much as 181bs each. There is a demand for these, the cultivator sending as many as 400 weekly to ! Timaru at an average price of 25s per hundred; and the net cash yield of this acre of cabbages is estimated at about £45. From May 31 until June 10 there will be j an interesting exhibition at Draper's Hall, City of London, held under the trade section of the London Chamber of Commerce. At this exhibition there will be shown some very interesting ajid exceedingly striking photographs, illustrating the famous limestone caves of Waitonio (near Auckland), one of the wonders of New Zealand, Some extraordinary delusions were entertained by an unfortunate man who has just been committed to the Wellington Asylum by the Resident Magistrate. He imagined for one thing that he was a sort of " Jack i the Ripper," gravely asserting that he kept a machine for killing people, He also informed the police that he had invented a machine which would carry him from New Zealand to Liverpool in exactly 2 mm 3sec, and, furthermore, thatj he was 'married to the Queen of England.

The Rink will be open to-morrow Saturday as usual. Legal reform in the direction of enlarging the jurisdiction of the District Courts is being advocated in New South Wales. In a recent case in which £200 was the sum claimed, the; Supreme Court costs were little short of three times the amount. The costs in the District Court would not have been more than £50. It is advocated that by having such cases tried in the districts in which the parties reside and not in Sydney, a great deal of expense would be avoided. The proposed reform seems a very desirable one. The Governor-General of the newlycreated Transcaspian province has sont invitations to the Ameer of Bokhara and the Khan of Khiva to meet him shortly at Tashkend. Two or three years ago this gathering might have caused anxiety in England, but the precautions taken by. the British Government since 1886 to guard the Indian frontier render it a matter of indifference whether two or twenty princes meet to discuss how British India may be attacked. Professor Vambery, who was somewhat of a pessimist in regard to England's power of defending her Indian frontier, is nov among the first to acknowledge that the military works of the last two years have made everything secure. The ordinary meeting of Court Aahburton, A.0.F., was held on Wednesday evening, when a good muster rolled up in spite of the bad weather. One member drew his clearance, having removed to Napier. The receipts for the evening were something over £3; expenditure nil. One new member was initiated, and six more proposed, a fact which Bbows well for the future of the new Court. After the business of the evening had been concluded the C.R. closed the Court in the usual way. The members then had an hour's harmony, with refreshments. The latter were provided by the newly elected C.R. and S.C.R., and some good songs, etc., were rendered, bringing a very enjoyable evening to a close about 12 o'clock. I A Hindoo hawker, on being interrogated by a resident at New Plymouth as to how he got on at his business, tjot quite communicative, and explained that his profits were eaten up by taxation and cost of travelling. He said that there was 35s to be paid for railway fare to get here, then there was £1 for a week* board, £1 for a borough license to hawk, M to get away by steamer, and then there: was a duty on his wares which he set dowtt at 30 per cent. He wanted to know how, he was to be expected to make money uncfer such conditions, as the duty made him charge pretty high, and then people would not buy. On the whole, the ingenuous Hindoo was of opinion that New Zealand was not a paradise for a hawker like himself. Poor King Dinah Salif ou's visit to the Paris Exhibition was an ill-fated one for him. That good uatured African chief, says a Paris correspondent, went back to his subjects so delighted with the exhibition and all that he had seen that he wished to transform his state into a tropical France. Decree after drecree was issued with this intention, until at last his subjects got tired of the new moulding process, and conspired together and murdered him. The dusky monarch was a magnificent specimen of the West African black, and was the admiration of all the sculptors and painters who saw him at the exhibition fete 3at the Elysee, where lie sometimes wore a Greek dress, and sometimes a bishop's vestment which he had bought in the Spanish Court at the exhibition. On the afternoon of Sunday, June 22, Peter Kemp, the champion oarsman, by a prompt and plucky action, saved the life of a drowning man. The steamer Pheasant was cruising in Sydney Harbourjwhen one of the passengers fell overboard. A life-buoy was thrown to him and he secured it, but some delay occured before any further assistance was rendered from the steamer. Kemp, Stansbury, and Neilson, were in their outriggers oft' Putney Point, about half-a-mile away, and Kemp, hearing the cry of "man overboard," rowed hard to Blaxlands, where he found the man just about to sink. Ho jumped out of his boat and succeeded in swimming to the shore with tho unfortunate man, who %\as then placed on board the steamer and attended to. In an article-in one of the latest monthlies Professor Huxley says "We have heard a great deal about the tyranny of capital. No doubt it is true that iabour is dependent on capital. No doubt if out of a thousand men one holds and can keep all the capital (using the term in its more restricted sense), the rest are bound to work for him or die. But if on this ground labour may be said to be the slave of capital, it will be equally jitsst to say that capital is the slave of labour. The naked millionaire with his che<*t full of specie might be set down in the middle of the best agricultural estate in England, but unless somebody would work for him ho would very soon perish from cold and hunger, having previously lost everything for lack of protection. The state of thugs attributed to the tyranny of capital might be far more appropriately ascribed to theself enslavement of the wage earners. It is their competition with one another which m<\kc the capitalist's strength." _

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http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AG18900711.2.4

Bibliographic details

LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2464, 11 July 1890

Word Count
1,495

LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2464, 11 July 1890

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