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Some of the Melbourne traiua are now lighted by electricity. Madame Normann Neruda (Lady Halle) values afc 1000 guineis the violin she uses for her public performances. The amateur sculler, Sullivan, has been presented with a purse of sovereigns at Auckland, The annual competition of the New Zealand Rifle Association will be held at Napier m February of next year. A flax mill hand named William George Skeggs was drownod near Riverton yesterday while crossing a lagoon. J Should his engagements permit, Mr J. L. Toole, the great English comedian, will probably tour New Zealand. A girl. 14 years of age,has been committed for trial at Wooiahra, JS T.S.W., on a charge of burglary. The colony lias suffered a loss of 7332 people through emigration, as compared with immigration during the past three year is. Mr Vincent Pyke publishes a long manifesto to the Mt. Ida electors, m which he announces his determination to contest that electorate against all comers. The " English Admiralty" says that the ! total abolition of masts and sails m all future lighting ships has become absolutely j necessary. There was a slight rise m the price of fat sheep at Addington yesterday, and from the telegraphic summary of the sale we learn a line of wethers from the Alford Estate fetched 245, and good halfbreds fetched up to 21s. The weather just now is undoubtedly to the mind of the farmer, but the townsman does not joy very much m the dirty streets. King Mud Sis paramount, and the best blackin the market is a failure before him. There is one comfort, however —the mud does not take long to disappear when we get a glint of sunshine. While speaking m the Financial Debate, Mr Fisher said that he differed altogether from Captain Russell when he'asserted that population was not leaving the country, and pointed out that m five years the colony had | lost no less than 18,500 people ; whilst at the present moment 400 people were on board steamers m Wellington harbor leaving the colony for ever. Schoolmaster : Yes; but look here, my boy. Suppose I were to lend your father £500, let us say—without interest —but on condition that he should pay me £10 a week. How much would he still owe me m two months '! New Boy : £500, sir. Schoolmaster: Tut! Tut! My boy, you don't know the first principles of arithmetic ! New Boy : You don't know my father, sir t There is a prospect of the old dispute as to the anniversary of the Colony being brought prominently forward again, I)r Pollen having given notice m the Legislative Council recently to ask the AttorneyGeno.ral whether the Government will alter the date now set apart for the celebration of the anniversary of the Colony from the 29th January to the 30th, m order that it may be m accord with facts. We wish to call the attention'of our readers to the sale of trees by Mr T. Mr J. Thomas' nursery, North belt, on Monday next. The apple trees are proved good sorts, as Mr Thomas has- over 200 varities m his orchard, but his experience has made him confine his nursery stock to about ol) oi these, they being found most suitable for the district for bearing properties, quality. au« value as a crop. Some of these are blight proof both, roots and branches, Mid some are long keepers and suitable for export, viz.—Lord Wolueleyj Stone, Golden, Stunner, and Allonsbury pippins ; Scarlet, Nonpanel, Majstin, and many others, both early and late varieties for kitchen and dessert use. A j number of specimen fruits from this orchard were exhibited this season m Mr I.ages windows and much admired for their color, size ami symmetry.—(Advt,)

An institute to be called the Jubilee Institute for the Blind is to be established at Auckland, The Christchurch Charitable Aid Board has decided to board out most of the inmates of the Lyttelton Orphanage. The meeting of the Presbyterian Musical and Literary Society, that was to have been held to-night, has been adjourned for a week m consequence of the wet weather. At the Blenheim Supreme Court yesterday John Edward Hyde-Harris, on three charges of false pretences, was (sentenced to one year m the Terrace gaol, Wellington. He prepared a written defence. . The. probation officer refused to recoinriiend-.him for probation. Letters of complaint have been teceived by the New Plymouth Harbour Board from English bond-holders. The writers complain bitterly that the Board and the New Zealand (jovernment have paid only a portion of the interest. The chairman of the Board contends that the Government are responsible for the Board's position, Mr G. J. A. Eichardson has been negotiate ing with the Bluff and Foveaux Straits Fishing and Oystering Company for the purchase of their extensive business, and has it now under offer to him at a certain figure. He will proceed to Britain next month for the purpose of floating a company to work the concern' a task m connection with which ! he does not anticipate any difficulty. Professor Robinson, an America authority, has convinced himself, by experiments that when cows are denied salt for a period of even one week they will yield from 14J to 174 per cent, less milk", and that of an inferior quality. Such milk, he says, will on the average, turn sour m 24 hours' less time than milk drawn from the same or similar cows receiving salt, all other conditions of treatment being equal. The publicans of Melbourne 'have resolved to close their hotels on Sundays), and refuse refreshments to even Father Peter himself. Their association has even engaged informers to set traps for selfish and unwary landlords who may for the profit infringe the terms of the resolution. The object of this " Self-denying ordinance " is to so disgust a thirsty public with Sunday closing as to bring about a revulsion of feeling and the repeal of tho law. If the Borough Council should adopt the motion given notice of by Cr Keir—to obtain broken metal for street; purposes m the borough—a great improvement on the public Mays will take place. In one or two places about the town where raacadam was made use of some years ago, as an experiment, the roadway lias kept m excellent condition with but little expenditure for 'maintenance; indeed the superiority of macadam over all other road metals goes without saying. Cr Flower, too, at the last meeting of the Council hinted at the advisableness of laying wood block crossings, but an objection co wood was raised that our climate was too wet for that material. Wood crossings, however, have been a success m countries where the rainfall is far heavier. A London paper has the following:— "Cardinal Manning has written a very important letter to Canon Murnanc on the subject of church music. The cardinal's prohibition against lady singers m the churches some years back undoubtedly had a great effect m somewhat lessening the attractiveness of the singing m Roman Catholic churches. His Eminence, however, now goes further, and says that western galleries have been the ruin of choirs. He rejoices to hear of the cannon's efforts for promoting congregational singing, and says that even where choirs can be maintained'the music ought not to'be rendered by paid performers, but by those who take part m it for the love of divine worship. He earnestly desires to see the singing of hymn's and litanies by the whole congregation. Solos and music nobody could take part m were a 'misery and a hindrance to piety.': Congregational singing, if generally adopted, ! would be little short of a l' revolution m I Roman Catholic worship." \•> The sale of New Zcalahd mutton is now gradually extending into the London suburbs. Almost everyone knows that this meat may be procure! m the oity, and that thcparccl post may be employed to send home purchase;! made, bub m practice no one resorts to this. Practically, for the bulk of London out-Hide the heart of London, New Zealand mutton is available only m the form and at tho price of English mutton ! This is ■'really the case, and very provoking it is to. those who know how much the true interests of New Zealand pastoralists are sacrificed to those of suburban butchers anxious to get rich suddenly, which some of them certainly do. This first week of May a new depot has been opened at Brixton for the avowed sale of Antipodean mutton, and it is likely to be nine!', appreciated and supported by many to whom this very mutton is quite fainiliar,only under another designation, and at about onethird advance on the price ! This is a sign of the times. Complaints are numerous of pipe wells m the borough having given out. Many have had to be driven a few feet further down, but the great trouble is the failure of the underground supply. Many wells, the pipes of which are down quite thirty feet, have refused to yield a quart, and others equally well into the soil are working very asthmatieally. Ten years ago the Borough Council took a vote of the ratepayers on the question of raising a loan of £15,000 for the purpose of introducing a water supply by means of a high pressure scheme. The vote was favorable to the loan, but subsequently the fire prevention supply, now m use, was adopted at a cost of as many hundreds of pounds, with the means thrown m of providing m addition ornamental waters m the Domain and generally beautifying the people's park. By the scheme now m use a living stream flows down every street m the town, and the storm water has a speedy outlet to the river. This supply has failed during the past excessively dry summer, and advocates of high pressure were not slow to make capital out of this failure. But the failure of the underground supply —and this failure is becoming daily more pronounced—shows that neither the gravitation nor the high pressure system is proof against unusual drought; that is, assuming a high pressure supply to be obtained from the underground now. Pipe wells within a few yards of the Domain stream have failed, and indeed sd have those almost 011 the river bank.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2463, 10 July 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2463, 10 July 1890

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