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When the average man or women comes to be fitted with the first pair of glasses some curious discoveries are made. Seven out of ten have stronger sight m one eye than the other. In two cases out of five one eye is out of line. Nearly one-half the people are colour-blind to some extent, and only one pair of eyes out of 15 are right m all respects. A meeting of those desirous of forming a Choral Society m Ashburton was held at Mr H. A. Gatcn' School of Music last evening. There were about thirty ladies and gentlemen present. It was decided to form a Ohonil Society m Ashburton to be | called the Ashburton Choral Society. The following officers were elected :—President, Mr J. Stevenson; Conductor, Mr H. A. Gates ; Secretary and Treasurer, H. J. Moss; with a Working Committee, Messrs J. GamMe, T. A. Gates, E. Ward, and T. Pcrmain.. It was decided to go into work fit once, and the next practice will be held on Tuesday m Saunders' Buildings at eight p.m. sharp, when all intending members are requested to attend. A good deal of enthusiasm was shown, and there is every prospect of the Society being a success. The South Canterbury Education Board at their last meeting were asked to define what were the duties of a "visitor" representing a school committee, and the Rev. G. Barclay told the story (says the local " Herald ") of a " visitor "m a district he , did not name who was a great nuisance to the lady teacher m charge. He was a black- , smith, and seemed to delight m doing his j duty as visitor. He would go to the school j with his apron on, and with hands fresh from the forge, and idle away half an hour m talking to the teacher, looking over the children's copybooks, putting his thumbbrand on the pages as lie did so. And the teachea dared not complain for fear of riskinw Tim- nosition.

The total amount of gold won in Victoria' since 1851 is 56,282,014 ounces. Japan is the most progressive country, in the world to-day. One American publisher sends 50,000 school books there every year. A Hawera stock dealer advises the cessation of the shipment of beef from New Zealand for a few months, as this description of frozen meat will be low in the English markets. A new frost-proof potato has, says the " North Otago Times, " been introduced to the colony. The potato will stand from five to eight degrees of frost, and produces from 10 to 15 tons per acre. Wellington drapers have intimated to the Early Closing Association their willingness to shorten the hours on Saturday night if all the establishments closed on other days at six o'clock. The "Rangitikei Advocate" hears that the Maoris have sold 30,000 acres of the block of land lying immediately north of the Awarua to Mr Studholme at 10s per acre. Mr Coles, the new Speaker of the South Australian Legislative Assembly, was at one time a mounted trooper in the country districts of that colony, and Mb opponent (Mr Rounsevell) was the driver of a mail coach. As a remedy for painful wounds, take a pan or shovel with burning coals, sprinkle on them brown sugar, and hold the wounded part on the smoke. In a few minute* the pain will be allayed, arid recovery proceeds rapidly. The grand jury of Elizabeth (New Jersey) have unearthed an almost forgotten law 30 years old, and by its means they intend to indict all bookmakers and betters, who can be made to suffer for betting on horae races. It is said that 3000 persons are to be indicted. The only totally blind member of the House of Commons is Mr. Macdonald, of Ireland. He is brought into the lobby by •Mrs Macdonald every night, and given over to the charge of one of his colleagues. She returns almost nightly to lead him home to dinner, and restores him to his parliamentary work when he is needed at ten o'clock. Speakfng at Akaroa Bishop Julius said it was an extraordinary fact that the Australians wee always trying to excuse their climate, and New Zealanders were always running that of their country down. It was the same in every part of the colony he had yet visited. New Zealandera would run their country down, Mr Mitchelson has prepared the PostOffice Acts Amendment Bill, the object of which is to permit the postal authorities to open and detain all letters forwarded from «r received in New Zealand which they have reason to believe contain moneys for sweeps, •uch proceeds to swell the revenue. This step will, it is believed, stop the outflow of money for racing purposes, which has of late years become a serious matter. Michael Davitt has written a letter (May 24) in which he expresses disgust at the treatment which a number of tenant farmers in Ireland accord to labourers in their employ. Th» Ashbourne Act, he says, has implanted in the farmers even more than the usual selfishness, and an attempt to settle the land question by transferring the ownership of land from the landlords to the farmers would only perpetuate and intensify agrarian discontent. Dr Giffen estimates that the rate of increase of wealth in Great Britain was more moderate in the decade of 1875-85 than in the preceding decade. Britain is by far the richest of the rich nations of the world, the United States of America coming second, and France third. The estimates of property per head rather alter the relations, but here Britain still maintains the lead With £270 per head of capital, against £190 to France, and £160 to each citizen of the United States. A rather novel ploughing match took place near Milton ou Friday last. As a good deal of interest has been taken in Otogo in the work of the recently introduced digging ploughs, a match was arranged in which these ploughs should take part. Mr James Reid, of Oamaru, and Messrs Reid and Gray, of Dunedin, had ploughs entered, and Mr Reid took first and second prizes with his ploughs. This (says a contemporary) is the first match of the kind that has beeu held in the colony. Women's rights have had what is termed a suicidal set-back in the United States. At Edgcrton, in the state of Kansas, the progressive citizens recently elected a majority of women to the municipal council. The ladies tried their best to improve things in general, but their acts Avcre fiercely criticised. Their motives were distorted, and their policy and persons vrere held up to ridicule. The last-named weapons proved the most effective, and all the ladies have now resigned their posts, and returned to private and domestic life. The "Reich's " correspondent of Vienna makes a somewhat remarkable statement. It announces that the Pope recently addressed a circular to about a hundred Bishops in different countries, asking whether, in their opinion, the proclamation of the dogma of the temporal power of the Holy See tvould be opportune. Sixty-six of the Bishops are said to have declared in favour of the dogma, while all the Italian Bishops expressed themselves as opposed to it. The Jesuits, however—the chief among them Cardinal Mazello—are, it is said, urging the Pop* to proclaim the dogma without delay. The " Auckland Observer " remarks :— Never was cheek so colossal exhibited as when Mr Onnoud stood up the other day in the Chamber of Commerce, Napier, to bewail the fact that small settlers were not more numerous in Hawke's Bay, and to move resolutions calling on the Government to give facilities for the introduction of more of them into the colony. The great J.D.O. did this with the damning fact staring him in the face that thousands of good men already in the colony, and thousands more who have left it in disgust, have been unable to get land to settle on because he himself, the prince of monopolists, and other greedy land absorbers like him, have swallowed up all the best land in the colony, and have driven and are driving, the small settlers out of it as fast as they can get away. New Zealand will never be a country for small land settlers until a graduated land tax is imposed, which will compel all land grabbers like Mr Ormond to disgorge." It may not be generally known that the English sparrow, which at present is scarcely regarded by the New Zealand fanner ana orchardist as a harmless, necessary importation, was first introduced into the colony by Sir Walter (then Dr) Buller. Sir Walter (says the "Wellington Post"), at the meeting of the Philosophical Society, stated that in the year 1865, when in London, he advertised for 100 sparrows, for the procuration of which, and their delivery in Wellington, he offered, on behalf of the Provincial Government, no less a sum than £100. That he obtained the number he advertised for there need be no doubt, and these 100 sparrows may be regarded as the progenitors of the millions of these impudent little fellows which now thrive in the colony. Sir Walter Buller, in mentioning the fact of his having introduced the bird, said he was a* the time rather proud of having done so, and he had seen nothing since to induce him to alter his opinion that the bird was rather the friend than the enemy of settlers. There is now to be seen in the shop window of Messrs J. Scaly and Co., East street, a collectio of apples showing some of the sorts grown at the nurseries, Riverbank, that will repay inspection by any one who contemlates planting fruit plants. There are upwards of fifty different kinds shown, all valuable, long keeping sorts, for size color, and general excellence they are by far the finest that have been shown in Ashburton this season (Advt. Holloways Ointment an.t> Pills— Rheumatism and Goiit—These purifying and soothing remedies demand the earnest attention of all persons liable to gout, sciatica, or other painful affections of the muscles, nerves or joints. The Ointment should be applied after the affected parts have been patiently fomented with warm water, upon the adjacent skin, unless the , friction should cause pain. Holloway's Pills | should be simultaneously taken to reduce inflammation and to purify the blood. This testment abates the violence, and lessens the frequency of gout, rheumatism, aud all spasmodic diseases, which spring from hereditary predisposition, or from any accidcnlal weakness of constitution. Thia Ointment cheeks the local mischief. The Pills reatore the vital powers, i

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2462, 9 July 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2462, 9 July 1890

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