LOCAL AND GENERAL.
A nmsliyomn f/jyelve inches across the top and % inches in diazneter was exhibited in Wellington on Wednesday, ; Mr Joyce, member for Lyttclton, told hi? constituents 'the'other night that the prince of New Zealand's absentees,draws £ 85,000, a year from the colony, • ' A Bacon Curing Company, in, which the i shareholders are principally" farmers, has been definitely established ftt Belfast, near Christclmrcb. Operations begin ft,t once. A /sceptical man conversing with Dr Parr, observed that he would believe nothing he did not understand. Dr Parr - replied: " Then, young man', y#ur creed will' be the shortest of any man I know." Lord Onslow has forwarded a gold nicdaj ( to the Canterbury Agricultural and Pastoral', Association ' iflV Mrs 'Fnssell,- whom the judges in the Smati Farms Competition recommended for some prize iov her homestead and. dairy, managed. byherseU and daughter j
The mice plague in the north of the colony of South Australia is so bad that they are devouring everything that they can reach, anil there are instances of their having attacked people inbed.
More' than half the sugar used in the world is made from beetroot. The manufacture began to be important little more than twenty 3'ears ago. Germany began it, and France, Austria, Russia, and the United States have followed the Teuton's example.
A The City Council of Milan recently" solicited the votes of the parents sending children to the public schools as to whether they., wished to have them receive religious instruction or- not; Out' of - a total :schoolattendance pf,.27,515,"5uchi instruction was reqvested for 25,380. - :
The vitality of the snail ?ig remarkable. One'tha't had been glued to a caM'in" the British museum for four yoara came to life upon being "''immersed in warm water. Some ' specimens in' the collection of a naturalist revived after they-had apparently been dead for 15 years. '
,< A* settler in tide district (sayß the "WWa r ganui Herald "X who sent 132 sacks of barley to Sydney, had rather |,an unfortunate experience, as he,, only realised-Is'lod per bushel. The .charges, of one kind and another', and he was charged no commission here^ leave him a "deficit of £17, oh the amoiiht he drewfor his barley: 11"'"'.' '"
s Evidently Canon. Wilberforce does-' not , mince his words. Speaking at Southhampton the other day he Baid that "the two most immoral works published during the century were Zola's 'La Terre' and Walter's ' Parnellism and ' Crime,'" and he added that "the meanest 'apologies since the creation were Adam's to God and Webster's to Mr Parnell."
There are great outcries in the Crimea occaesioned by -the continual sales of landed property which are taking place from Russian ■ landlords to "German' stewards and bailiffs. These are selected for the management of estates, :qn account < .of their /knowledge, honesty, and industry.. In the meanwhile 'their owners lead, lives :of feckless extravagance,; get into debt, borrow money of their thrifty' stewards, and give them mortgages .over their property. In due' time ■the • creditors foreclose, and thus I 'become masters whete they have been servants.'
, In jibe course of long investigation Professor Ponfic, of Bfeslau, has made ,the important discovery that a large part of the, liver —even as much as throe-fourths—may be removed without serious disturbance of the animal functions.- Surgeons had before known that the whole of the liver is, not absolutely "essential io health,' but could hardly'suppose that the sudden destruction Tof a considerable part of it would- not be serious, and novrmay be enabled to perform operations hitherto believed to be impossible. Professor Ponfic found that the liver has a wonderful power of reproduction, in some cases a portion equal to two-thirds being replaced by a new growth within a few Weeks.
The capital invested in Government irrigation enterprises in. the north-western' provinces of India is about £8,000,000. ' , The revenue received for the use of the water nets 3^ to 4£ per cent interest oiv. this sum annually above all expenses. . About 8000 villages or farming settlements receive water from 35,000 outlets in the distribution of the five main canals. The cost-of maintaining the system is from 40 cents to 1 dollar per acre .annually,.averaging 71 cents per acre in' 1887.. The vahie of the crops raised that year on the irrigation land was £44,000,000, of which 60 per cent was in wheat. The canal system has been wonderfully developed in the past twelve years, and now represents nearly twice as much capital as in 1876. '
Oil from maize is one of the latest products which modem science every now and then throws upon the world. The maize, which is now grown in the United Sfcate3 at the rate of some 2,000,000,000 budiels per year, lias been . experimented with anu found capable of yielding 3^ per cent of its weight in oil, the germ of the kernel being the part from which the' oil is extracted. The new material is of a pale.y.cllow colour, somewhat thicker than either the olive or cottou seed oil, and does not seem to be readily available as!'a-substitute for them, but it is well adapted for lubricating purposes, nrid may be useti as a salad dressing, while it seems to be desirable for liniments. - '
The depreciation of tjio value of hides, arising from the present unsystematic branding of cuttle, has been brought under the notice of the Minister of Agriculture in New South Wales by a deputation of tanners and hide merchants, who urge that a Bill should be introduced to regulate the branding of cattle. It was stated that frequently brands appeared upon and rendered worthless the very bc3t parts of the hide, and it Wcis estimated that the waste caused in this manner represented a loss to the colony of fully £20,000'0r £30,000, which might;be saved under a properly regulated system of branding. The Minister promised to com. municate with the Stock Board preparatory to a Bill being prepared to, deal with the matter. ■-•. > . '•
The usual monthly meeting of theTinwald Wesleyan Band of Hope was held in the Templar Hall on Wednesday, June 18th. The attendance was very good, there being about 130 present, The Rev. J. H. Gray, presided,; aud after opening the meeting with prayer, ypoke a fe\v words of encouragement to theyouug people, Theprogrammeconsistod of readings, recitations, and dialogues, which were rendered in a very creditable manner— the' items cleserviug special mention being a dialogue by William Culverhouae, and John Lewis, one by Sam Corrigan, George Culverhouse and George Lowe, and another by James Shearer and r Sid Culverhouse. A very pleasant evening's enjoyment was brought to a plo.se by the Chairman pronouncing the Benediciib", At the close of the meeting 16 new namos were added t.Q the list of members.
Portugueae credit is exceedingly bad, Fqr the last thirty years the Government has not had a single budget without a deficit. The funded debt amounts to about £24 per head of the population, or nearly the same as that of fcho T'li'- I Krir-^'r-. which,-needless to say, is \ ".:■ " ,■'..«■ '>':■■ '.'■ i-vv country. Besides this funded debt there is an an enormous fioati»g debt, and, worse than ajl, thocountryjias frequently f^il^d payment of theHnterest. Many of ifs loans, indeed, like the oiie contracted by Don Miguol, in J832, it has repudiated, preferring;, as Sydney' Smith once said of the Ponnsylvanians, "any load of infamy, however great, to any pressure of taxation, however light." Even in the frenzy of public excitement produced by the, ultimatum the other day, when the "little country was clamouring for a navy which was to blow ours out of the water, it could raise only a fgjy thousand pounds, and by far the greater portion gyen of .that was voted by the municipality of Lisbon, whose members doubtless thought themselves tjafe in being patriotic at the public expense,,. , J
The Rink will be open to-night as usual, when the championship will be decided.
In a library in Paris,; said to be the largest in the world, is a Chinese chart of the heavens, in which>l46o stars are to be found correctly placed, according to the scientists of the present day. ( The chart was made in 600b.0. v.
The largest library is the Biblotheque National in Paris, founded by Louis XIV. It contains 1,400,000 volumes, 300.0 C) pamphlets, 175,000 manuscripts, 300,000 maps and charts, and: 150^000 coins and medals. JtChe'oollection of engravings exceeds ll3oo,Ol()QWtamed in [some lvo;oootVQlum'es. The portraits humber'loo,ooo/ * .-*■*--•'-* ""•The American-" Agriculturist" is greatlyconcerned about the agricultural depression' now being experienced all through the States, and in a series of articles from leading agricultural correspondents in- thiß month's joiiirnal, ;we -'gather;/ that the price ,of ,all agricultural' produce is below the cost of production., fn Missouri maze^ "is, being burnt for fuel," only selling 'fbr'7|d pcr 1. ibusHel'; oats, sd; beef, £d: to ■|d per 1b; hay, 8b per ton. ■ . : ■ ' • ••< ' , .. <
, A writer x in ah 'English magazine points' out a*n odd confession made by,a man-just, tried and acquitted on a charge of murder. The evidence against him was purely circumstantial ; part o£it, ahat found near, the! scene of the crime—an ordinary black hat, but sworn to as the prisoner's. .Counsel fx)r, the defence, however, made niiich of the commonness of the hat. " You, gentlemen, no doubt, each of you possess a hat of the ordinary make and shape. Beware how you condemn a fellow creature to a shameful death on such a piece of evidence " —and so on. So the man was acquitted. Just as he was leaving the dock, with the most touching humility and simplicity he pulled his hair, and, said^t "<lf you please, /my lord, 1 may I ,'avie my *at.? SJT a ori dv> cqjsur that a few moments earlier would 1 have effectually knotted the rope. .
Lord Camperdown, on April 11th, unveiled a statue in Sunderland Park 1, to the rmemdry of Jack Crawford, a native of Sunderland, who heroically nailed the colors to the mast on Admiral Duncan's vessel Venerable, at the battle of Caniperdowji, in October, 1697, after the regular flag had been shot away by the enemy. A great procession of trade societies, volunteers, and military, with;3oo Bluejackets from her Majesty's ships Hearty, Grappler, and Bulldog, took -place to the park, among those in,the procession being Lord Camperdown, Lord .Durham, the local niemberß of: Parliament, and others. The statue is of bronze, 20 feet 7 inches high, and represents Jack in the act of nailing the colors to the mast. The colors are thrown over his left Bhoulder, and in his right hand he holds a pistol, with the butt-end of which he drives trie nails.
Mr J. V. Parkes, Acting-Inspector of Mines, has just visited a comparatively new goldfield at Wadnalinga, on the Oulina run, 25 miles south of Mannahill. There are about 50 on the field, but, if profitably worked, employment could be found for' 5000. On the Birthday claims they have got a very fine pile of stone, carrying 2oz to Boz of gold to the ton. The great drawback is the want of water and machinery. A dam is about, to be provided by the Government for domestic supply. i Owners of mines should sink for water. There are several defined lines of lode on the field, which may prove payable. Captain Johnson, of Ballarat, . has 1 just brought from Wadnalinga to Adelaide two pounds of stone containing Boz of. gold. Mannahill is a settlement on the Petersburg-Cockburn railway, about half-way between these points. It is ovef 200 miles N.W. of Adelaide. „ • ■ > •
A correspondent of the "Melbourne Argus '■ gives the following account of the curious (tbcliaviour of sparrows in his district —" I have," he writes, " a Einall farirt called Borhoneyghurk, near, Meredith, on ,whidh J. have lived between the last five and six yearsl ''' ■■..'!■"!:'■ ■ ii*:- -"i- 1. Onthatandi nearly on x . ;■ 1. !. 1 1 ■:■■,: nas never been one sparrow the whole time. I have also a very large garden well filled with all kinds of fruit trees, mulberries, etc., and not a sparrow during x. all that time has ever ventured-into ;it. I have also a large field which I sow with com for hay. every year, 'and not one sparrow during all that I time has ever ventured to feed on that field. I cannot account to you why the sparrows should not trespass on that land and garden. I have also asked some of my neighbors if they could give any satisfactory reason for • the non-trespass •of sparrows on my land, whilst their own'land, not, more, than a mile distant, is swarming with spaarows, and has been for nearly the last six years. I shall be delighted if you can give me any scientific reason why the sparrows should not trespass on this property as they do in the neighborhood."
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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2447, 21 June 1890
LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2447, 21 June 1890
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