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Welungton, June 19. • Parliament was formally opened to-day at 2 o'clock by His Excellency the Earl of Onslow. Forty-three members of the House of Representatives and 13 Councillors were present.' The attendance of the public, was not so large as usual, owing to the weather being showery. The following is aprexs of the GOVERNOR'S SPEECH. f After referring to the pleasureable surprises he had met with in the several parts of the colony visited, His Excellency said :— Hon. Gentlemen op the Litislative Council and Gehtlemen oi* 1 the House of Representatives :— The New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition proved 'n greater Buccess than' was anticipated by the most sanguine, while its conception, accomplishments,, , and management reflected special credit upon the enterprise and ability of its originators and of the citizens of Dunedin. The manner in which it was supported by those living in other parts of the colony evidenced the power of the inhabitants to co-operate, in a great undertaking. The splendid display of natural products of arts, manufactures, and minerals must have a great educating influence upon the inhabitants of the colony, while at the same time it has enabled visitors to form some idea of our national wealth, and of the energy and industry of our people. Tho high standard of comfort and prosperity enjoyed by all classes, and the patriotic love for the Colony, impressed me most favorably. The provision made during last session for carrying on the public services has proved more' than sufficient. It is satisfactory to note that where there has been an increase of revenue it has been in items which show that a further advance has been made inproductive pursuits, while the stationary condition of other items shows that (there has been no departure from the temperate habits of the people. The volume of exports has still further increased, and while the value of "some, notably flax, has unfortunately declined, that of others remains fairly satisfactory. My Ministers will place before you information which will,show that the productiveness of the Colony is enlarged, that notwithstanding the increased expenditure of capital, which must have been incurred in making productive the additional area of land acquired during the year by private persons, the position of colonists, so far as their private indebtedness is concerned, has greatly improved, and there has been a satisfactory addition to the funds held by the Savings Banks, and the Insurance Department. The waste lands of the.

Crown have, ■ during the" past year been 1 settled at a satisfactory rate of progress. My Ministers have endeavored to afford

to selectors as wide a choice as the nature

of the land now hold by the Crown would admit, will be placed before you \o -ln>w t!,v. ili:- resulted in the settlement of a large area of land, and Lam glad tp be able to inform you ihat the increase in the number of agricultural holdings was last year greatly in excess of that during any previous year of the Colony's history. While my, advisers are gratified at the substantial progress -which has been made in the productions of the. colony, and with* the advance of settlement, they believe that still greater progress can s be made if more adequate . means are ; provided for opening up land in advance' of settlement by means of roads, and .for acquiring Native'lands. ' They will, there-" fore, ,submit for, your, consideration; proposals for effecting these objects. . ; • [Referring to Defences and the visit of (General Edwards, His Excellency said a r valuable .report had been obtained as the best means'of utilising permanent and volunteer forces, and a Defence Scheme in accordance therewith will be submitted by Government.] , , Addressing the i House of Representatives His Excellency said : — , i The estimates of revenue and expenditure will be laid before you. The estimates

of expenditure have been prepared with a due regard' for 1 economy. The increased demand for schoolhouses and other public

buildings has been considered, and in.the opinion of my advisers it will be necesr sary,for atleast.two years to make exceptional provision for these purposes out of the revenue, and votes for these purposes will be found in the estimates. . .

Addressing both Houses on the question of Federation His Excellency said he had accredited two delegates to the Conference held in Melbourne in February, and the report of the proceedings thereat would be. laid on the;. table, and tb« Houses would be asked, to ratisfy an arrangement entered into to send delegates to a Conference to be held this year. Referring to the proposal for a reduction to 2|d per letter between the colonies and the Home,country, Hin .Excellency said the matter would be laid before the House for favorable consideration. Con-

turning the Governor said: — ' '' " Returns will be laid before you from which you will learn that there has been during the year a large increase in all branches of traffic upon the Railways, affording another .evidence of a steady advance|in' the productive work of the Colony. There are now ready for; your consideration Bills for consolidating and amending the law relating to the qualification and registration of electors, and providing : for * the . issue of electoral ri?hW: define with thr- CfcP Service; amending (Ist, I.i-.v v. ■,■, iv: ■.; 'oHospitali

.vi-i C.:..:ii.:>!-.■ Ai-.l : .■■.'.ii.iding the Counties Act; altering and consolidating the law of Bankruptcy ; and providing for local government on the West Coast of the South Island : as well as other Bills dealing \ with matters of public interest. These Bills. will shortly be placed before you. During the recess a commission was appointed for the purpose of considering how far the evil whichnasbeen termed' " sweating" had effected New Zealand. The thanks of the colony are due to. the members composing this commission for the ability industry and' care with' which they conducted their enquiries and treated the matters which were referred to them: Government, although gratified to learn from their report that '• sweating" had not fully taken root, agree with' the Commissioners that an amendment of the law is necessary. ABill, therefore, dealing with the request referred to in the report and other subjects will be aubmitted for your consideration I commend all these matters to ' your careful attention. ' I assure you of my earnest desire to cooperate with you in endeavoring to further the interests of the colony. I pray that your deliberations may, by the Blessing of God, promote the well being of its inhabitants.

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Bibliographic details

SECOND EDITION OPENING OF PARLIAMENT., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2445, 19 June 1890

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SECOND EDITION OPENING OF PARLIAMENT. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2445, 19 June 1890

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