LOCAL AND GENERAL
The laws of Wyoming" repuire equal pay for equal work </O men and women as school teachers. Mr Bellamy has made 10,000 dollars by " Looking Backward." The Empress of Austria, who was said to be drifting into confirmed melancholia, has, been much benefited by the massage treatment (hand friction and knsading). Mr T. Spurgeon, late of the Baptist Tabernacle, Auckland, has arrived at the Bluff to commence an evangelical tour of the Colony. , . The • Yankees have introduced *a new word into their ever-increasing vocabulary. "Electrocution" is the abbreviation „of execution by electricity. =£^S ' I
New potatoes were shown last week in Dunedin by Mr G. Matthews, of Moray place. The first seed was planted in September and dug in December, planted. again in February and lifted last weelt. A Napier contemporary expresses surprise at what it terms " the brazen-faced cheek " of the Minister of Mines in making such a statement to his constituents as that the colony is rapidly increasing in population. In 1851 the white population of the Australian colonies was about 240,000, with an annual trade of £6,000,000: whilst at the close of 1888 the population had reached 3,678,046, and the revenue £27,240,565. London Engineer says there is no pro perly recorded /instances of a locomotive ever having attained a greater speed than 80 miles an hour, and quotes Charles R. Martin as saying tbat'higher speed is mythical.
■ Savings- banks' are rapidly increasing in popularity in India., - On the 31st March last year they numbered 6237, an increase of 85 from the previous year, with a corresponding increase in deposits.
A petrified tree was found recently in a coal mine at Osnabruck, Germany. The trunk is almost four feet-through, and the roots cover a surface about 15 feet square. The tree lias been set up in a special room in the Berlin School of Mines. The."Mataura Ensign is responsible for the following :'—'.' A refined young lady, inflamed with philanthropy, went as a nurse in the puntidin Hospital, , and the first job they gave her to do wa3 to wash the body of a.dead Chinaman 1." The '•' Illustrated Sydney News " for May contains some well-executed ■ sketches in South Australia, the Egeria Court Martial, Sketches at the Sydney School of Arts, the Haunt of the Lyre Bird, and the usual number of other illustrations,
Coal was first discovered in New South Wales by some fisherman in 1796. The first sale of coal there was 44 tons to an American, vessel in 1801. The total output of coal from the Newcastle mines up to the end of 1887 was 39,994,907 tons, valued at £13,699,110. A lecturer at Auckland the other day, while admitting that New Zealanders had one of the finest countries to live in on the face of the earth, urged that it would be well for the people of the colony to pay honest politicians double, rather than have some impure villains to make' a great nation's laws. Raw"' youths are employed hi sending off trains, in shunting, signalling, in managing the traffic on single lines of rail, and in other capacities where only men of tried experience should be employed, is the serious allegation against the' Railway Commissioners by the Railway aad Tramway Service Association of Sydney. The Mormons are gradually deserting Utah. Two thousand families have left within the last two years. One syndicate has bought an immense tract of land in the State af Chihuahua, Mexico, and hither they go. They find that the Edmunds' IaAV will eventually stop tiie practice of polygamy, and as they are bound to that faith they will go where there is no restraint upon them.
The Empress Eugenic is as much of a rcr cluse as though she were a nun, All day long she sits in her sunny parlour at Ghisleliursfc, with a tablet in her lap, sketching or writing for a memorial she is preparing for publication. The book will ooniaip. the letters of the late Napoleon and Prince, the proceeds from which will go to the fuii'l for the relief of the widows of the war of 1870. Mr R. Turnbull will, it is stated, be unopposed for Tun-iru at the forthcoming general election. Mr Turnbull has represented the district; for twelve years, and has recently boon presented by his constituents with an illuminated address and a substantial purse of sov6roigns in recognition of his public services. His health is so far improved that he will be able to proceed to Wellington this session, The following account of the effects of forest denudation in Russia should prove interesting, which we would do well to proiit by in time :—Scarcely any snow has fallen in Russia this winter, and the fact is regarded as an alarming one by the cultivators of the soil, as it will probably involve the destruction both of the grain and root crops. The phenomenon is attributed to the diminished evaporation, which ha 3 resulted from the demolition of the forests which formerly covered enormous areas of Russia in Europe. This has not only led to a greatly decreased rainfall, but tluj riyers Volga, Dniva, and Dneiper are annually shrinking in volume, and they are neither of them navigable for so many mile's as they once were. Sydney P. Hoben, a, student at Leipsig, who hails from Auckland, writes a letter to the " Ackland Herald," in which the following interesting paragraph occurs :—Luigi Arditi the other day told me the story of "II Bacio," His father was 25, and poor, when he took this with two other compositions to Ricordi, the great Milan publisher. Ricordi would accept none of them, and in despair the young composer went home and ca§t two of his cherished creations into the fire, and &tood by watching their destruction. "II Bacio "was the U>icd, aijd having spared it, Arditi worried Ricordi so nnioli tljat he at last gave him £5 for it. Within a week it \ya,s selling by thousands as fast as it could be turned oivt, but the #5 was all poor Arditi ever got for it beyond the fame it brought him. Some years afterwards ho was in a magnificent music shop in Pari3, and complimented the proprietor on his possession. " Ah," he replied, " I built this place on ' II Bacio.' " - I w;as in a small music shop with Arditi this week and bought -i copy for 2d. The Vestry of St. John's Church Roslyn, have replied' to the Bishop's recent letter, giving his decision regarding the use of a processional cross and other articles to which objection is taken. They assort that the removal had been, agreed to as a compromise, and the voting showed that the majority were against their use. With vegard to the Vestry having no right to remove them without the Bishop's consent, the Vestry contend that there is nothing in the canons co give tl]? Bishop any right of sanction, but, on the other haijd, a diocesan statute makes the matter the duty "of the Churchwardens. The Vestry deny that in restoring the article^ they submitted to his authojity, and'they say' that had the Bishop ordered their permanent removal a reunion of the parishioners would have been the result. They assert that it is illogical to suppose thajb articles which arc so objectionable to some a/? to prevent their attending church if used on 'ordinary Sundays, will noi be objectionable on festivals and the following Sundays, and that if this were the only alternative it "would be wjscr to use them continuously, when 'probably people might become accustomed to them. But there is another alternative, that is, the permanent removal of the articles, a course which'they hold is the only one to restore peace. The letter also paints out that the, Bishop wa3 misinformed with respect t° other matters.
JJqj-loway's Fills.-- Weary of Life.— Derangement fif #!° liver is one °^ ttic nioct efficient causes of dangerous c]jsease, and the most prolific source of those melancholy forebodings which ar,e worse than death itself. A'fow dosep of these noted !■'" ' ( ' '"v in dispelling low points, (..■■; ! covert attacks made on the jm'vgs by excessive heat, impure atmosphere, ovei'-iiulul-gence, or exhausting excitement. The shattered cotistitution may derive benefit ifCfi}} Holloway's Pills, wliich will regulate cUsordora *t'itU>p ; brace the nerves, increase the energy'of ,the iutellcctii^ -faculties, and revive the failing memory. ' !By attentively studying the instructions for taking these pills, and explicitly putting them in practice, tlie most desponding will soon feel confident cf perfect recovery.
The Rink will be open on Saturday evening as usual, with the band in attendance.
In the Dublin Rolls Court on Thursday, April 15th, Mr Arthur Knox Maloney was declared entitled to the paternal estates in County Clare, as eldest surviving son of Mr Henry Gonne Maloney. He had been separated from his family in early life through an estrangement, and had led a wandering career, being a sailor, a goldminer, and a labourer in New Zealand. From a boy's composition in the New York " Herald " : —" A hen is an animal made by fche creator of the universe, which is covered with feathers and has a bill. The hen stands on two feet except when ihe is tired, and then stands on one and eats corn with her bill. Wli- :■ i \ 11.-,I 1.-, ii i' ■ "!■■« n.rl. ■ sit 3 down to lay, am. '.■■. ■■ -'.i. 1.; •■: ■■*■■ ■ ■■■■ lays down to set. 'The hen's eggs "are good to eat unless they have been set on."
Sir John Millais is suffering from a weakness, of sight which can only be described as "long sight." His power of distinguishing near objects having deteriorated, he has to with' brushes a yard long, which interferes with the delicate work, necessary for portraiture. His portrait for this year, the subject being Mr Gladstone with a child on his knee, is said not to be one of' his best efforts. On the other hand, power of landscape painting is unaffected. .The financial,condition of Rome and of the rest of Italy at the present moment is almost desperate. , Failures are taking place, hourly and among the most ramarkable is that of Prince Borghese, the head of that great house which has royal and imperial alliances, the ( sisfcer of Napoleen I having been a Princess :Borghese. Another Princess was the Lady Gwendoline Talbot, whilst the present lady is a member of the illustrious house of
Li, Rochefoucald. The Prince haa lo3t £1,000,000 in building speculations. You can easily stop a cow or horse from jumping fences when out at pasture in this way:—-Put a strap, with a ring on it,
.around the near foreleg, above the knee, and a surcingle or belt with a ring around the body. Then,by a short strap or piece of rope, attach the two rings so as to; make a harniless.yefc perfectly effective hobble. Halterpulling in the stall may be effectually and easily broken. Put a slip-noosed ropearound the body, lead the end of it between ■the animal's forelegs up through" the halter, s and make ifa fast to the manger. When the horse jumps back the rope will catch him and bring him forward. It will not be long before you cannot make him jump back. The acquisition of land for the purpose of settlement (says the "Wellington Post") ia already sufficiently difficult and the land laws sufficiently repellent to would-be settlers;" but the proposal to issue land bonds would
interpose fresh barriers to.settlement, and. prove fatal to all chance of the adoption of a really liberal and attractive system of land administration. The audacity of a Government which cannot or will-not sell or settle the vast areas of land already at its free disposal, proposing to buy up on a large scale the lands now in the hands of theBanks and land and mortgage and loan companies, is absolutely astounding. Reading between the lines it bears a most suspicious appearance, as if the Government desired to step'in on behalf of the public to relieve the Bank of New Zealand of itg globo property, and perform the functions of an Assets Company. This might be a very good arrangement for the commmercial body or.bodios interested, but it would be a ruinously bad one for the colony. Mr Jellicoe, solicitor, of Wellington, made some strong remarks during the hearing of a sheep stealing case at Wellington on the 4tli instant. Contrasting the position of the prisoner, as a poor man, with that of the prosecutor, as a rich one, he insinuated that the latter was a friend of the Feilding Justices, by whom prisoner was committed for trial, and went on to say that it was to be regretted that in the lower courts of this colony a person who had the longest purse or the most influence generally Avon his cases, because he generally managed to have a friend on the Bench, as Mr Riddiford had
ill thi3 case. His Honor the Chief Justice interrupted the learned counsel's address with a remark that he could not prevent such things being put to the jury, but they certainly ought not to be said. Mr Jellicoo : Well, I'm only speaking from my own experience. I'm not asking the jury to pay the slightest regard to my experience, because they have been in the colony longer than I piave, and have put up v/ifch these things very much longer than I have.
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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume XIV, Issue 2434, 6 June 1890
LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume XIV, Issue 2434, 6 June 1890
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