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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit MONDAY, MAY 26, 1890. THE ZONAL RAILWAY SYSTEM.

It is not surprising that, as tele-1 graphed a few days ago, the Auckland Railway Reform League should have included in its programme a demand for a trial over the whole railway system of the colony—or at any rate over a sufficiently extensive mileage to afford a convincing test—of the stage system of traffic so long, so earnestly and so ably advocated by Mr Samuel Vaile. As 2000 years ago, a prophet has no .honor in his own country, but ridiculed, as in official quarters Mr Vaile's ideas have been" in New Zealand, they have attracted attention in Germany, and the German Government has already sent out to its Consul in Auck-1 land enquiring for full particulars as to his scheme. More, what is in principle, though not in detail, identical with that scheme has, as our readers know, been put into actual operation in Hungary,' in the Zonal system adopted some six months ago or thereabouts, and pf which, we have already published some of the results. These have been so satisfactory as to go far, to show that the,adoption of a similar system in New Zealand would, while making our J railways of infinitely greater service to the public, at the same time achieve far better financial results. And the news previously received is now fully corroborated, for we observe that the"Auckland Railway Reform League is in receipt of particulars of,the .working of the "Zone " system in Hungary fprwarded by M. Baross, the Hungarian Minister for Railways, which more than bears out the favorable reports to which we refer. M. Baross states that "during the first four months (of the working of the Zone system) as compared with the same four-months of the previous year (during - which the railways were worked on the old system), the, number of passengers carried was very nearly trebled and the revenue increased by £68,000." And he goes on to say that this vastly increased traffic, has been secured without the Government {l having to buy a single additional carriage or to add to their staff of servants. On the contrary, it is proved that the new tariff has, enormously diminished incidental expenses, and particularly the cost of the book-ing-offices. Formerly 697 categories of tickets were sold at the terminus of Buda-Pesth; now there are but 92 categories, which means that sixsevenths of the labor of booking, sorting, controlling, and auditing have been abolished. A single booking clerk can now do the work which formerly required two or three clerks, while in the administrative department of the railways the saving on clerks' salaries is even greater." It thus appears that the " Zone" system by its cheaper fares not only enormously increases the traffio, but enables that traffic to be carried at smaller cost, so that while the revenue is increased the expenditure is diminished. The latter point is easily understood when we learn from Mr Vaile that under the present system on the Auckland-Te Awamutu line alone there are used no fewer tlian"lTo6"^ffeTeiTEEfirdsbf tickets whereas on his stage system 49 varieties would serve. And as regards , the first point, viz,, that cheap feres produce the largest returns ; it is pointed out that the Manhattan railway of New York pays splendidly at a universal fore of § cents (3|d) for the whole or any portion of 38 miles, (and this on a line the cost of construction of which was £168,748 per mile, as against an average cost per mile of railway in New Zealand of £5500), and that on the London Metropolitan Railway (16 miles, cost £656,000 per mile), the all-round fare is only 2d. If it be obiected that circumstances alter cases, and that what may suit Hungary or New York or London might not answer in New Zealand, it is sufficient to point to the results of the cheap excursion fares during the latter days of the recent Exhibition at Dunedin, to show th&t a like policy will produce like results in New Zealand also. At anyrate, we should be quite content to see the experiment tried, and heartily hope that one of the results of the next election will be to give Mr Yaile a seat in the House, where we are persuaded he will leave no stone unturned to bring this about. :

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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit MONDAY, MAY 26, 1890. THE ZONAL RAILWAY SYSTEM., Ashburton Guardian, Volume XIV, Issue 2434, 26 May 1890

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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit MONDAY, MAY 26, 1890. THE ZONAL RAILWAY SYSTEM. Ashburton Guardian, Volume XIV, Issue 2434, 26 May 1890

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