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Seven million people are engaged in vine cultivation in Prance, There have been some sixtegn outbreaks p" influenza in Russia since 1830. Thirty-five bags of oysters, sold at the Melbourne market recently, realised £255 4s Qd, qr over £7 5s per bag. Berlin now has 1,5,30,0,00 population, to which should be added suburban population of 175,000. Staßlev intends to visit the Australasian colonies at ike conclusion of his tour throughthe United States.. The evidence at the inquest on tlio body of Mr Locke., ex M.H.R., showed that death had resulted fronj apoplexy. j Stanley considers that the expenditure of three millions sterling would be required ! before England could bring about a complete j subjugation of the Soudan. It is reported at Brussels that King Leopold hasrefiisedGermany'sßfferoflOO,ooo,OCO francs to acquire the Congo Prea StateIt is cabled that at the suggestion of the Emperor William, His Holiness the Pope will shortly issue an encyclical letter advocating a general disarmament. It is cabled from Ottawa that the Arch.- ] bishop of Kingston, Ontario, has ordered his | priests to refuse the Sacrament to parents of j children attending State schools. It is stated that Emm Pasha'? disappointment at not obtaining employment iyas thg principal cause of his having entered the German service. [ Kftwau Island, purchased fconj Sir G Grey two years ago by Mrs Thomson, has j been sold by that lady to Mr W. D. Holgate i and Mrs F. A. Beyton, of Victoria. j Last week's attendance at the Exhibition was 34,769, the largest yet recorded. Up io Saturday last the total attendance was 581,580., i Efforts are being IM ide in Melbourne to ! provide a substantit 1 testimonial to Mr Mat- j thew Burnett, the temperance lecturer, : who has been orcVed complete rest for one year. " When you have put. into daily practice j those things in the Bible which you do, understand, it will be time enough then to' find fault with the thing 3 which you do not understand." i It is caloulated that, with good management, the Western prairies of Texas are! capable tf sustaining 3,000,000, horned cattle! 1,000,000 horses, and 4,000,000 or 5,000,000 sheep. Large quantities of potatoes avq now bcin sent from Scotland to America, the trad j having been greatly stimulated by the low | price of the present growth and the con- ] sidcrable reduction of freights. i Colonel North, the nitratejking of London,' has a dog-house which is a perfect canine | palace, filled with costly animals. The best dog cost £1500. There are dressing-room and cloak-rooms filled with dogs' coats. j A singular discovery has been made in a J I timber yard at Scarborough. It appears that in a large elm tree -which was purchased at 1 Driffield, and which was cut up several weeks ago, an almost perfect figure oi a human body was found. It is expected that "oge outcome of the meeting between the Emperoi? William and Queen victoria at Darmstadt will be the settlement of the Hanover complications. The Emperor is iucreasing the German armaments. Tlie "Pester Lloyd " protests against the continued massing of Russian troops on the Austrian frontier. This miserable policy of provocation unsettles the Balkan State 3, and endangers peace to an extent which it is i impossible to «ndure much longer. Recently a man was sued in London for an account and raised the defence that no account has ever been rendered. The Court found for the plaintiff, and said the law of England was that no creditor was bound to | send an account: the debtor was bound to * find out his creditor aad pay him, i

r The Samoan Convention has been finally | ratified by all three Powers interested. j The Wellington "Evening Press" is re-^ sponsible for the statement that at. the end of this year the Defence Department purpose disbanding the whole of the Volunteer Force throughout the colony, and creating a partially-paid force. It states also that this was the meaning of the circular sent round to officers commanding corps last month warning them not to incur further liabilities for uniforms, etc. Some sensation has been caused at ban Francisco by a tragedy which has taken place in the domestic circle of Judge Clark, ofTehama. His two sons had a bitter quarrel on family matters, and during the altercation one lifted a chair to attack his brother. The latter instantly drew his revolver and shot his brother dead on the spot. At the inquest the coroner's jury held that the shooting was justifiable, and directed that the survivor of the fray should be^ sure released from custody. At the Police Court to-day—before Major Steward—John Clifford, an old offender who had been before the Court four times within six months, was charged with having been drunk in East Street on the 15th. The record of convictions extended from 1882, and these were quite numerous from that date forward. The Magistrate said that the case was a bad one, and he thought the best place for Clifford was the gaol. He sent him up for three months. This term .would enable him to recruit his health, and come out to the world at least free from the bad effect of liquor. The usual privileges in connection with the Ashburtou Racing Club's Autumn meeting, were sold yesterday by Mr D. Thomas. The Luncheon Room and Bar under grand stand was knocked down to Mr John Henry, Commercial Hotel, for £10 10s a day; the Bar under shilling stand to Mr Henry Davis, Royal Hotel, at £11 10s a day; the Confectioners' room, to Mr W. C. Davis, at £i a day ; Shilling Stand, to Mr R. Patterson at 25s a day ; Right of Sports to Mr R: Patterson at 17s 6d a day; and Horse Yards, to Mr Moody at 15s a day. The Borough Brass Band, Mr Horace Gates, conductor, has been engaged to play both days of the meeting; Mr W. Baker has purchased the Race Cards. A terrific storm occured at Emu Park, Rockhampton, on the night of the 26th ult.', A Survey party, under the Government surveyor, Mr Richardson, were camped in the scrub just off the beach. The party consisted of Harry White, in charge, and two chainmen named Leonard and Frank Lses. While the latter was outside the tent cooking, and the other two men were in the tent, a flash of lightning struck Leonard Lees, blackening him and setting light to his ryjamis. The lightning struck his knees and entered his l>ody, coming out at his right side, and killing him instantly. White was also struck, but was not much injured. The " Inangahua Times " of April 3 says : The Midland Railway Company are lo3ing no time in .bringing the newly-constructed Nelson Creek-Ahaura section into profitable work. It is to-day announced that on Eaßter Monday the Company will give a service of trains between Brunner and Ahaura temporary station. The section between Nelson Creek and Abaura has been inspected on behalf of the Government, and has been passed as fit for traffic working. Within a very short tune the company will run a daily service of trains, and carry both goods and passengers to and from Greymouth and Ahaura. As an example of what irrigation would <Jo for the Cromwell Flat (says the Cromwell Anjus), people need only look at a fine paddock on Mr James Ritchie's farm, which was laid down in English grasses two years ago and irrigated at intervals. The paddock has been carrying a very large number of ! cattle for the fast five months, and even , now is ankle deep in rich, nutritious food. In a smaller bub equally convincing manner, I the . '' '■ *I- V- 1- ."■■".■ to Mrs Williams att!--i! "■■ :!■■■■ ■ '••/ fail to show the observer what water can do in the way of grass growing. We understand that this small patch (about two acres) one season. yielded three crops of hay, besides feeding ; j during the summer months several cows. ■ The "Temuka Leader" says "the luxuri-. ant growth of the roob crop 3on the Rangitata Island was abundantly testified to on Sunday last on the occasion of the Harvest Thanksgiving held in the schoolroom. One turnip sent by Mr Henry Hearn measured three feet nine inches in circumference. Mr Snell contributed some beautiful specimens of lapstone kidney and blue derwent potatoes, some of the former weighing over 21b each. We are informed that Mr Grainger has a paddock of turnips, the tops of which reach to a man's waist. Mangold wurzels of enormqus size may also be seen growing in an adjoining pa,cldoCk. Evidently Rangitata is ijot all riverbed and boulders, nor man or beast compelled to adopt starvation diet." The centenary of the establishment of the first Roman Catholic diocese in the United States was celebrated on a recent Sunday in Baltimore. Large crowds were attracted to V. ,li 'r.^v V.- '-1-- ceremonies, which continued ■..-■■ .■■.■■ !■ \ At a pontifical high mass over GOO prelates and priests attended. Cardinal Gibbons said that fewer than 40,000 Roman Catholics were in the United States when the see of Baltimore was created, Now there are 9,000,000, with 80.000 clergy, JO.OOO churches, and 650 institutions of learning. The congress adopted a Declaration of Principles. This deals mainly wijli American social topics ; but it also demands the absolute freedom of the Pope, to whom the'congress expressed its sympathy and devotion. A cur'ous story is related in the New York " Tribune " apropos of the death of Mr Franklin A. Paddock, a well-known New York lawyer. Mr Paddock died very suddenly, haying been at his office late on the afternoon of the previous day. The "Tribune" says: —"Three years ago Mr Paddock was at his country seat in Deli, Delaware County, and one day read "Allan Quatermain." Haggard's romance caused him to dream that he was in a sea, swimming away from reptiles. He though the saw his brother standing on a rock stretching out ' his arm to save him, and imagined that he had to dive to save Uimsglf from some approaching monster. So vivid was the dream that he dived out of bed and struck his head such a blow that paralysis subsequently set in. Although he resumed the practice of his profession later, it is believed that the attack of paralysis caused his death. The " Tuap&ka Tjmes " reports that while Mr J. Ellis was proceeding along the road to Waipori from Lawrence, he noticed, near Bungtown, some five-and-twenty or thirty ferrets (haying been liberated only a few days previously) huddled up together in a hole, evidently in a state of starvation, and altogether very wretched and repulsive looking. On smelling some meat which he had in his express they at once crowded out and commenced clambering up the spoke 3, evidently intent on raiding the provender.' In order to get rid of the vermin he found himself compelled to throw out a tin of sausages among them, which they ravenously devoured, he in the meantime making tracks with all possible speed. Mr Ellis has since soen several dead ferrets lying about close to the road, having apparently died from starvation. This is all the more curious, as in the country where the vermin were - ..■ !■■'■' !'f "■ ' "-1 " ■ ■.":- r"-: At;~ numerous ■■ ; •■■:-- „ s ■-,i ■■■. «- -. -t*.-j_" ■ <■■■■■ pi-esonce of the ferrets. In talk with Mr R. Alcorn, and on jthe look-out for novelties, that gentleman showed us the new Davis Sewing Machine. Some years ago we remember the stir that pretty Mrs Fish caused when, in Mr Andrew 1 Orr's large shop window, tinder the blazing lights, she took her seat at the Davis Vertical Feed, and for two hours. shewed the wonders of the then new machine. The good looks and bewitching mnilcs of the fair Yankee had no doubt much to do with the fame that was won for this machine at its advent. This is a I,ong time ago, and the Davis has improved wondcrfujjy since then, The improvements effected would be quite g, conjuring paraphernalia to a second Mrs Fisk should she come along. The arm of the machine has been very considerably raised, to admit of the passage under it of any kind of work, no matter how bulky, and with ease to the operator. Its best feature, however, is that it f feeds from the top"— the vertical feed—and while with it the most delicate fabric can sown, and artistic work done, it fears not either cross ' seems in its track nor inequalities of 1 material. It is a strong machine, and it Avas only a few days ago that we saw still at work one of the machines that Mrs Fish set running when pn h§ pioneer mission to the Hub.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume xii, Issue 3402, 16 April 1890

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume xii, Issue 3402, 16 April 1890

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