The Ashburton Guardian Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit MONDAY, APRIL 14, 1890 SMALL HOLDINGS AND BIG CROPS.
People have got so accustomed in New Zealand to farms of from hun-1 dreds to many thousands of acres, that f small holdings are apt to be despised, and there is a sort of notion, pretty generally entertained, that a man cannot live and thrive on much less than a square mile of country. But there is a certain old song with a refrain about " a little fax-in well-tilled," which inculcates a much more sensible view of matters, the fact being that unless properly farmed the profitableness of any farm is in inverse proportion to its ai'ea, and there are lots of people who fail simply because their holdings are too large for their capital, and who would thrive on much smaller farms than those on 'which they are now bareley able to struggle along. But in order to this they must get rid of the idea that wheat, oats and barley ; are the sole crops to be raised, and go in for raising fruit and other marketable products. What can be done in i this direction, on a small acreage, is well evidenced by the fruit farms of California, the owner of one of which Mr J. Gardella, writing in the " Oreville Register," says :—" I own forty acres of land, about half a mile from Oreville, which is planted in fruit and vegetables. The following is a list of of the amount and kind of fruit and vegetables that I grow on it dur- , ing the year:—On a part of the land I grow two crops of potatoes, corn, . cabbage, etc., and three or four crops , of lettuce, radishes, spinach, etc. Vegetables of some kind are growing all the 1 year round, and my peddling wagons run every day in the year with fresh vegetables taken from the garden. I i have given under and not above the 1 actual amounts grown on my place. ' The land is kept well manured and is irrigated during the summer. Eighty ] tons peaches, 12 tons apples; pears, 3 tons; apricots, 10 tons; nectarines, 10 tons; plums, 4 tons; blackberries, 10 i tons; raspberries, 11 tons; strawberries, 2| tons; grapes, 20 tons ; ' quinces, 2£ tons; cherries, 2 tons; figs, 1 ton; potatoes, 30 tons; onions, 25 \ tons ; cabbages, 20 tons ; cauliflower, : 1£ ton; carrots, 5 tons ; parsnips, 5 tons; beets, 3 tons ; sweet potatoes, 4, tons ; water melons, 100 tons; musk melons, 25 tons ; cucumbei's, 2 \ tons; peas, 3 tons; beans, 4 tons; turnips, 7 tons ; rutabagas, 2 tons ; green corn, 10 tons ; squash and pumpkins, 4 tons; , tomatoes, 40 tons; green peppers and : okra, i ton ; lettuce, spinach, radishes, celery, asparagus, and artichokes, 10 tons in all. I have 80 olive trees not yet in bearing and 500 orange trees, of which a limited number are now in bearing; will have from them this year 5000 oranges, worth at least two cents each on the tree. The fruit and . vegetables are sent to the mountains for sale among the people there, and my waggons peddle every day in 1 Oreville. Fourteen men are employed in summer and seven in the winter."