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GARDENING NOTES FOR SEPTEMBER

VEGETABLE GABDKN.

September is pathaps the busiest month of the horticultural year, eta iha weather will ba gottius; warm, and all work whloh has been delayed daring winter should be paesed oa at once, or delayed for ano.hsr suaaoo. Aa seed lima and seed aowlog is now open us, and m general operation, and believing as we do, that many of the failures attributed to seeds m«y be more justly attributed to some drawback m the preparation of the ground, the mode of sowing, covering, etc., the following useful hints on the subject will bo found not undeserving of pnrusal. Seed* to germinate require ligh , heat, »ir and moisture. They should be sown when the groaud is mellow and fine, The best of needs often fail from improper management when sown to curly ; when the ground is wet they ara apt to rot ; when sown too shallow ia a dry time thoro may not be noffiolont moisture to o<iu no thßco to germinate, or th»y m»y bj «83t?oyBd by dry net weather after fctiey fauv-j germinated, or inaoots m»y destroy tho Bhoota after tdoy appear abovo ground. The fitrot effect of air, heat, and moisture, to to change tho atarohy matter of the seed into a augary palp, tho proper food of the embryo. If at this tima the eaod; is withered by exposure to host without ■uffioiant covering It will pariah j or^lf planted In fresh dry soil and the above change m the nature of the soad takoa placo, but the earth is not pressed euffiolentiy upon it, the seed deles up, and the embryo perishes. Other j, again, are buried too deeply, and though tho seed a wells, yet aoffiolent warmth and air ara not obtained to give it life. Tbo first thing to be observed In sowing seed is a suitable preparation of the soli, so tint the young roots may easily penetrate It ; It most be m»do more fir less fioe for different seeds. The alzj of a seed Is a nearly tafe guide as to the depth at whioh it euould be so»rn. Baans should be covered about two lnohop, peas about ooa and a-ha'f inohes. Carrots, p»renlpu, turniDo, onions, radish, lettooe, cabbage, oaulfljwer, brooooll, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, mustard, cross, leeks, savoy, and salaafy may now be sown, and ihould not ba covered more than half an inoh. The seeds must be evenly oavetedlu order to retain moisture sufficient to encourage vegetation, yet not so deeply buried as to deprive of air, or to h^ve their asoending shoots impeded by too muob soil above. St>ed* succeed best sown when the ground is first dug, that Is the ground should be dug op rough during the winter months, so as to be exposed to the winter's frosts, than dug again before sowing the ! seeds that they may have the benefit, not 1 only of the ground balng pulverjflod *-'..- of tho moisture retained tb»~ 1 « ut they shou d nevee b> i A * l'^ B "{ i> J.t m., tho, ♦ * own wnen *he soil leJ sJ£»* k s° an4 wUI bake and thß seeq pa»i „ . md neVflr go(f broidoMt , f lfc LIZ 8b wJ° BBVa tlme » cx P enße ■»* troable. When sown m drills or rows weeds om be move easily destroyed and tjo abound kept loose and open, "indeed, a« klqda of vegotsble seeds may be sown tbls month with a proepeot of saooess. Bt-e thai; the ground Is thoroughly »dl prepared, aod well manured with well dooompiMsi noacore or bone dust. Bone dust la a groat boon to tha horticulturist, very easily applied and faemfista] fh its toaultt, oanUlniug no noxious weeds, and therefore diminishing the labor which mnat bo performed If other manures are used, us manure generally produce large quantity of waeds, more especially feeah manure. AH plots of ground intended for the produotloa of vegetables should be manured early m the winter, bat when thla bas been noglooted at that time, no time should now be lost m preparing iho ground, and no better manure oau be used th' n bone dust for that purpose.

FLOWER OABDBN. Haevy annuala raay now be bowu with surety la the flower gardens, and by a jadloloaa aeleatton of different varieties the flower garden raay be kopfc gay daring sammor aud antuenn mon ha for a very trifling expense. Such aa panuy, phlox Dracnmondl, lob c> 1 1 « , astern, petaota, portulaooa, godetla, atoclra, x'onia eleg&ns golden pyrethorlnno, Hnora,gcaßdlfloram, siagSo dnhlta, ehjaid bavu a place m \ evevy garden, mlgnonebtn, owoet pea, \ awoet saltan, naPtnrtlaral. tall oud dwarf, convolvulus (m»jor and minor) and ra»ny other favorite annual and parennial flowers. ORCHARD. Thara ohonld not now be an hour 8 deluy lv plamlug out fruit treen where not attended to before, for If this month la allowed to paaa without tha planting belog ut'.oaded to. the matter mast be deferred for another eoaßon, but cuch aa ; n>pl- B i ploms, pe»a, and ohorrles, may be planted this mfonth rather than to defer planting until another eeaaon.

Dbap— A Parson cnred of Deafnesa and noJßes m the head of 23 yeara Btandins by a Btmrle Remedy, will Band a description of it

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GARDENING NOTES FOR SEPTEMBER Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2219, 6 September 1889

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