The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit. FRIDAY, AUGUST 16, 1889 TYPHOID.
The recent outbreak of typhoid m Wellington has so far excited m other towns only a feeling of pitying contempt for the " Empire City," and of surprise that there, of all places, the ordinary duties of tho looal government should have been so neglected as to permit the existence of nuisances of such magnitude as to cause the outbreak. Of course tho existence of typhoid as an epidemic is denied by all tho doctors — tbey always do deny anything of tho sort — but it cannot be believed that the cases m which the sufferers have been so far public men that their illness has been considered a matter of public interest are all that have occurred. There can be no doubt that the outbreak is serious. The citizens havo shown by forming a sanitary committee that the City Council m their opinion is not capable of coping with tho causes of tho disease. The Council, however, has at last been awakened from its lethargy, and an inspection of the city bas been made, and bas revealed a very unsatisfactory state of affairs. Cesspools, a form of drainage which has long ago had the strongest condemnation of every sanitary authority, havo been found m places where it would have been thought the most perfect appliances would have been nsed. The slaughterhouses near the City seem also to have hitherto escaped attention, as they are spoken of by the Mayor as being m a most filthy state, and the meat from them as being frequently unfit for human consumption. The arrangements for the cleaning of the city and the removal and disposal of dirt are also spoken of as being unsatisfactory, and not suited to tho requirements of a large, town, much for Wellington. The wider question whioh arises is as to the sanitary condition of other towns, our own m particular. There was here last summer an outbreak of typhoid, the cases being more numerous than is yet generally known, though fortunately few proved fatal. ihe town occupies a healthy situation, the water supply is pure, and scarcely a day passes without wind from some quarter to purify tho atmosphcro: What, therefore, can have ou>od the infection hero? Zymotic diseases, such as typhoid, car; generally be traced to their source, but so far as we are aware no cause has been assigned for last summer's outbreak. It is therefore quite possible that tho cause or causes still exist, awaiting only certain conditions of atmosphero or temperature to break into renewed activity. It will therefore be well for householders to I take care that no accumulations of rubbish, standing water or any offensive I matter is allowed to remain m or about their premises. Drains should bo frequently flushed, cowsheds, stables and fowl hou3es kept clean and well whitewashed, and m short everything kept m such a mannerth at disinfectants are not needed to overpower bad smell*. A very dry and hot summer is predicted, a state of weather m which disease is produced wherever the germs exist, and wo would repoat tho adage " Prevention is better than cure,'' and urge residents, both m town and m country, to give the germs no lurking placo from whence to issue with disease aud it may bo death.