EXTRACTS FROM HANSARD
TOWN ASAISfT C UNTRY
Mr W, P !:ce*es — It appears to m - that m our tow:'', there is tn element ■ f povcr'y. cf weikoe^s r-nlif wtr lessnois. ard it jß'tr. c tha'. a port on of tlmt e'ement has diif'cd into tho town, from the equity Th*y had no msans f earning a live'ih-cd there, a.d, not finding the hospit-1-sy of the h^urr ble m> mVer for Eaxstutikel an > hi* friends auffie'ent to provide them with the necessaries of .ifo, they must take refuse m the towns and beg of us to keop tbem a'ive. Ihat is tbe way m which the honorable gentleman taunts the towns wiih povorty, idleness, and worthle.cnefsl Bet wby are these people to b. found m our towns ? I is because tho country people will net keep their rubbiuh, far shift it on to us, acd we a*e obliged to admit that we have rnbbisK ..... ho, Hr : if the towns of New Z a -a'and have brought pressure to bear on the Treasury ; tis n- 1 tbe large towns but the emal towns tbat bave done it. Thero is ft town named N'-w Plymouth which h*s achieved an unenviable notoriety as a''Btnr<"y beggar" at the doors of our Treasury; Mr Bruce. — a.gatn, m connection with the eductio-. question, have we not seen the tyranny of the town ever country shown In tbe anxley to get a higher eduoation free of cost, and this at a time when thera Is a continuous struggle to get for the outlying districts the fnnds for securing to the ch'ldren primary eduoation? These are Instances In which tbe cities are ready te tyranriz. over the country' Bat I would ask any honorable gentleman representing a oity ornstl tuenoy if such a position oould possibly be conceived m which tho country would -N*ir__j.nh"e over the towns. TOILERS ON T_D_ LAND
Sir George Grey— The result mast be that as the population, rapidly inore.sing aa It is, goes on augmenting, large numbers of persons will become tenants or holders cf lard under these great pro prietora. They may rely upon it that nnless wise laws are framed — wiser than have ever prevailed yet *>m any Biitiah | country — thousinds will sink into a Biate of very great poverty. Tfcns they will become responsible to the persons on whoso land they live as tenants and as: laborrr. ; their position, m fict, will b^ hardly better than tbat of tbe peop'e m tbe towns. Tbey can be turned oft. f evicted whol < sale, as we know is the C3se now. They miy improve properties belonging to other persons, ar.d get no share of the value of those irnprovemenfs, having to ps s a life of toil or, as is generally the ciee m Great Britain itself, be driven from their homes into workhouses, where hnsband is separated from wife and parents are separated from children, and may bo compelled to lead 0 life of misery and, m many respects, of woe. By what means ctn the people cf New Zealand defend themselves from the fate that stares tbem m the feoet If the eonn try beoomes over-populated io the way that I speak of, when they have been reduced to distress many people will be driven from the country Into the towns •—driven from their homes, and perhaps families separated, and they will be foroed to go Into the manuf uctorhs of the cities, "What a miserable outlook for the whole of them ! And wltb what weapon oan they defend themselves .gainst these threatening misfortunes 1 The one method tbat they have is the proper use of tbeir Toting power. UKIVBBSAL GENIUS. Mr W. P. Reeves— Theu, there Is his colleague the honorable member for Marsden, wbo r-cantly, on a public platform, told his constituents that be was able to torn every Wellington official inside oot In five minutes on a question of figures. The honorable gentleman's many and various qualities may be compared with those of the elephant, whlob oan uproot a tree or plok up a pin : nothing is tco big, and nothing fa too little. Ho oan stonewall a great railway successfully and be oan advocate another railway ln hla owa distriot ; or he oan oome down •nd set the Home by the ears and excite the oountry from ooe side to the other apon a question ac to ' whether an Armed const able is to wheel a bath-ohalr or not. STUB BAMK, Mr Verrall. — Tbe honorable member for St. Albans has pointed ont that there are a great many poor people In Ohristoharoh. Bat that is limply oaused by the high rate of interest wbioh bas to be paid now. It is as much ai 30 or 40 per oent, not directly through the banks, oat throngh the small institutions and the lawyers. It is ail very well to say that the oountry reap? the benefit of the money, but I should like to know where the profits cf tbe country farmers go. A great deal too much goes to Christchurch. It h.lps to support and give bo much more money to the rioher classes, and it is persons from those very clashes who are sent by the town constituencies to represent them m Parliament. THB?£ia£IEB. Mr Flih— We are to gather this faot : that, excepting the Premier, there was sot a member of his Ministry who really knew or eared about the provisions of thla Bill j— and that again shows us distinctly that the negotiations had been oarrled out by tbe marauders of the colony — those members of the floate wbo may bo oalled the polltloal marauders of the Honse. They had been m negotiation with the Premier, and it was the Premier's Bill and hii alone. This leads me again to tbe disagreeable reflection tbat it Is fast beooplng a fixed idea throughout thla oountry tbat tbe Government now In office Ii neither more nor less than a one-man Government. There Is the one man dominant— l will not say by bis great abilities, bnt dominant by his knowledge of publio affairs gained through long holding of effioe, dominant by the dogged perseverance and rough Insistence of his manner to euoh an extent that his colleagues dare not and do not stand against him.
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