EXTRACTS FROM "HANSARD."
LICENSING COMMITTEE KLKOIIONH. Hon Me Shrtnuski. — These various Licensing Committee flect'rna In 1882 In a hundred districts coat from £3 t<- £5 each, In another hundred from £5 n £10,^ »<;d m another hundred from £10 to £20 ; the remainder ooafc from £20 to £60; and, m one icsta' c?, tho oob ; was over £100. I am suco honorablo inembara wM sgeee with ma that these are expensive Juxnriea for tho benefit we^ * g3t ous <f them. THE FIRST DUTY". OP GOVERNMENT Mr Moa« — Whan tha Premier j»ave us : s> , <^ lecluro, as ho cfton does, ho told ua wh^t the dnty of a Government was. H* lectured mo to-n'ghfr, and aakacl mo 5f 1 wnold raenftge the busineaa of iho oountry. I atiooid be ex 1 remaly sorry to*: have had the management of it .during tho many., years ho has had the control and then tp c hand !t over m the condition It fg' ln affr • : thg present time. la tbat a oondltioh to bu very proud of? I am sorry the: Premier Is not here to listen to his own definition of what the duties of a Government are. I bad the profound pleasure of hearing him some time alnoa— l should say six or seven years ago— -lay down In the clearest terms what he considered to be the first duty of a Government. Honorable members who were not present " v then would be rather surprised if I told them what tho Pceraler'a defialtlon wai. He held that the first duty of every . ; Government was to take care of Itself. : Th»t la the duty which the Premies ha? performed moat faUhfaliy. Ha his sneoeaded In keeplDg tffioe for years by achering faithfully to th*t prlnolple,
CANVASSING BXPBBIBNOBS, 'T Mr Tanner — Now I will give tha honorable gentleman another bit of my expereaoe. On my way bask I mat one of my opponents on the top of one of the high. #: ridges, A terrlblenortb-weit gale was bloviog— such a gale that the north> west gales of Wellington are mild zephyrs ti it ; It waa hard eooagh to blow the buttons off one's coat. As I passed my friend and opponent we could soaroel; shriek salutations to each other ; and, Immediately af'er we had passed, my friend's guide, wbo was well mounted on a strong horse, when passing over one of the ridges was lifted olean on I; of tha saddle and pltobed into a gully, and my friend only saved himself by leaning forward on his horße and clinging round 1(8 neck. That will give some idea of the country and experiences we had to pass through Now I should like to pioture the homr&ble member for Parnell io thifc > position. When he returned It would ba dallghtfol to hear him, like Othello, tell of hairbreadth Wpes by flood and field ; but, what is more to the point:, when thai honorable gentleman returned to this House t feel qaite sure ho would be one of the strongest advocates for an lnoreased quota : the honorable gentleman would" then say, " Give them 100 per cent— they hava irell earned it."
THE PREHIBB. Dr Newman— Then, we have the Pre— mlcr's übubl diatribes, and ha attacks the; oltloa, and talks about the way In whioh " people go ont into tbe wilderness and ; aubdue It 1 he speaks about the noble - heroia soalo m the oouniry, and he snubs , the towns I Bit you, Sir, will, I think, boar me cut that, whenever the Premlefc ; > bas been relegated to subduing the wilderness m New Plymouth, his most, earnest desire baa been to come back and ~ subdue the wilderness In Wellington.
THE OALIFORNIAN THISTLE. MrT. Mackenzie— Even If he did m : more than draw the attention of thin House to tha necessity and importance of arresting tbe spread of the Carduus arvensis, as ray voluble and fftcetioua friend suggest*, be would show his capacity for lani-lmprovemerit, and be conferring a great benefit upon the entire colony. A PLEASANT PICTURE. Mr W. P. Reeves — Canvassing In tha oountry ia ofton what I may term an "electioneer log p!cn!o," consisting of a series of pleasant rides and drives along f, green fields — aa green as the country % members endeavonr to make out. their constituents to be — un<?er bine skies and bright sunshine, with an atmosphere and all other conditions perfectly pure> and where everything is healthy except the torn of public opinion. That h what canvassing the country means. * ° "IGNORANT CLAMOB." Hon Mr Oliver — 1 trost the Ooanoll will not listen to any of this Ignorantokmor. It is Ignorance, negligenoe, and carelessness wh'cb cry out against th« - present law. If persona who hare the right to vote will only go and vote, it Ik-n not possible under this aystem for them' t to |be outnumbered tf they are m im majority. This cumulative system of ~ voting, though not perfect, ii muohs*. superior to the rough-and-ready methdd ? of establishing who shall serve on these Committees by a mere majority vote, v; Under the majority vote It is possible for : the half of a whole community less one,' to be utterly without power and without representation on a Sohool Oommlttee ; while the other half, only exceeding tha minority by one or two, can have the whole representation and exalade enttrelj a large minority. ' , ; THE PLEASURES OF TOWN LIFE, } Sir G. Grey — They rear^feirer children: about one-third more die m the towni than die m the country, Buoh Is the an* healthiness of the towns. In addition to that, their food is not bo healthful : there is a dlffioalty m procuring vegetables and roots, eggs, poultry, and many other things that greatly add to the enjoyment of life. A.ll tbeie luxuries they relinquish. r Their work Is of a monotonous kind, generally m heated roomr, amidst the dip of machinery, and without healthy air to breathe. Their dwellings are not equal to the dwellings In the country. They have rates to pay. Firing 5a often difficult to be procured. Illhealth overtakes many of them ; and at last their state beoomei suoh that there oan be no doubt whatevei that the Inhabitants of these aitiea sink into a condition of degradation which all admit is worse than that even of any savage raoe known, except, perhaps, thoaa of Australia. That Ii the state to which,, they at last come when osowded together: .' and handreda of thousands m the cities are leading lives of misery which are ' heartrending to read of ; and, Sir, these are the people whose fate we now have ■ apeoially to consider. ■ RISEN EXPENDITURE. ' ' ! Dr Fitohott— Wiih a great flourish of 'rumpets the Premier brought down the Financial Statement, bnt he did not allow us. to disoass it. fle brought down the estimates, and we hud passed nearly half 7 of thorn before honorable members awoke to the fact that a rise m the tide of expenditure, to the extent of abont £70,000,'---had taken plaoe. HAEBOR BOARDS. "* Mr Fisher— Some Harbor Boards have boon treated with great generosity, while others have been treated with great parsimony. One. on the west ooaat of this Island has had everything it has aiked for, while another not over a hundred Jmllea away which has made application, or will have to make application shortly, for assistance has received nothing. It oannot, I believe, escape the financial bbnseV^ quenoea of difficulties whloh will compel it to come to the colony for aid. I mean the Wanganul Harbor Board, part: of whoso works have rooontJy been carried away by a Etorm. Mr Bailaaoe— Not at all. The Wanganul Harbor Board bas no liability or responsibility whatever? TAXATION. Dr Nawraan -I apprehend that, . when the colony ia straggling andnr difficulties
•nd has a heavy buratn of taxatloa to be»r, one of the things the people of th 9 colony certainly daslre Is that they m» be rcHeyed of portion of tint batdeD, ta^
that certain public works should bo com pitted ; and yet In the Financial Sat« ment we find no m«ntfoo of soy teJie ! whatever from taxation ! On tha contrary we find there a proposition to plaoe half tb« cost Of hospitals and charitable aid, amounting m ail to over £40,000, rp >i. fates, that being the most offensive ?o m of taxation — a form whloh lowe7S the Yalae cf property, end especially of ih property Of the struggling poor. MFDIOAL PaACTITIONfiPS BIHi. Hon Me Peacock — i ihiuk »hero la * great element of good In the BID, bat I think also there ia a Croat ri.-e>i <•) hidden h*rin ia it. From aha. I h=>vlearned of '.he Bill and of the v\*v« which are entertained regarding it onlslcU-, Ui 'effsot will be to onublo one parly of madloal men to trample down Rnotho' party. It is a well known fact tb»t the ■tedloal men of the plaoo from wbbh it thiefiy emanates are ooctlnually "rowing" With each ether. It is a faot I believe that this 8111 proceeds from that patty or ] th« medical profession m Obristchuich J Who are trying, to cust another party. THB GOVBRNOB Slf G. Grey— l think the praotioe of tha Governor corresponding with the ViceConsols of Foreign Powers most objection* able. It mast lower the Governor In the •fee and estimation of Foreign Powers. I feel oertain our dnty is frcm the very first to set an example of supporting the Governor here fn his true and proper position ; «nd I would earnestly recommend to Ministers to ado^t this plan. It Is unfortunate that this letter was written. I wish to get this one point eettled, whloh I believe to be a constitutional point : that the Minister Is, m point of fact, the Governor* Secretary of Stato of Foreign Affairs, as h were.
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