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PROHIBITION IN AMERICA.

A vave of oppoaltion to prohibitory laws oono?rnlng tbe sale and manufacture of intoxicating liquors aoema to be sweepIng over the land (*ritoa the Hew York correspondent of the " Age.") Within two years no fewer than nine States have spoke; against snoh lavra m popular votes upon oorstitutionftl amendments. '>n thi 18 ,h of I his month the great State of Pennsylvania cast a majority of nearly 300,000 against Incorporating a prohibition amendment Into the oonstitntlon, and two days later the little State of Rhode Island, the smallest m tbe Union, went overwhelmingly against prohibition. Three yesra Bgo Rhode Island adopted a prohibitory clauao In her constitution, and tbe friends of the prohibition oau-e had great hopegofor It. Prohibition took the place of a high license law which brought a larga revenue to the State and regulated the sale of intoxicants. The practical workings of the now syctum were dlßaatrouu lv the extreme, When it went Into effect efforts were made to enforoe It, but it was vary coon found thai enforcement was preotlcally impossible. The L'quor Dealers' Association pupplisd money for the defence of indlotad persona, grog shops increased m groat number, and the aale of liquor was very speedily as open and unrestricted as that of tea or flour. The Stats derived no revenue whatever from the new system, as no Ilceußes could be granted, drunkenness and crime Increased, the prisons, gaols, and hospitals wera filled to overflowing, and nil but the faoatloal supporters of prohibition readily admitted its failure. So a move wjib made for repealing the constitutional provision and returning to high Iloenao. In which the minimum fee for a permit to sell h 350d0l (£7O) annually. Ordinary party linos were obliterated to a great extent, though not altogether, the repeal being largely supported by the beat men of the Republican party, whloh Is the party of high license and (he only great organisation whloh believes In restricting the sale of Intoxicants. When the prohibitory amendment wai adopted In 1886, the vote m round numbers was 16,000 In Its favor to 9000 against ; now the amendment is >ak«n cnt of th* conatllu'lon by a vote of 28O0Oto 10,000, a majority that leaves no question aa to the great change In public sentiment.

In Pennsylvania the opposition to a prohibitory clause camo from tho best men of ail parties SB well as from tho dealers m liquor. A point m favor of the temperance people was that the State now has a very stringent license law, tbe foes being high, and the regulations very strict, No liquor may be sold on Sunday, and any man who violates tbi», or ia shown to have violated it at eny time, cannot obtain a license, or if he holdi one it will be taken away from him. Added to this is the pana'ty of a month's Imprisonment for each offence, and altogether the way of tho liquor-sel-ling transgressor is beet with thorny In the city of Philadelphia tho number of aalcon* is np,w only one-fourth wbat It was two years ago, and the Sunday law is carefully observed. Drunkenness and crime have greatly fallen off and it is even suggested that some of tho police courts might be cloa«i for lack of business. The people of the State, were unwilling to see this healthy condition of affairs give way to the uncertainties of a law that might not be enforced at all, qs has certainly been tfioose li States that have tried prohibitiaa, and hence thoir declaration at the polle. Ihe probabilities are that for the future prohibition will not be much at a disturbing element m politico, though there is h sufficient number of. extremists m temperance alive to keep it from going Into oblivion,

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PROHIBITION IN AMERICA. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2197, 12 August 1889

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