THE REPRESENTATION QUESTION
A correspondent ov>? tfce Rifirna'nre 11 Olvls " wrlcg to the " Kvun'na: Pros? " : —Now that we hsve Hansards N >c. 9 aac 10 before aa, and the m*nife-toea of both town aad ooaatry membora and the oona promise that ha 3 baen a*;!7ad at, wj a-e la a position to judge of the relative iniritcf the d spn^e between th i two parties and to decide whothor fhs town mmbaro ser.' justified In the atone Walling iay.ic">, a' finch a heavy aiat to tho country f>n:l the ooooation of fcha !egitiinjtQ buiioe s of Parfiasn-aHt. Ono and oil cf the c'.'y mavabsra who have spoken, and speakers a publla meetings who bavo baon miaieel by them «ni the ol'y press who have anpp irtod them, have sisango to say started with the Bams error, that ia ooafonad ! ng population with eleosora or voters, and have bas d a!! thalr arguiiioata apoa it. Thoy have abated that tho effjot cf fcho Goverr m nt BUI would be to practically dUfraachtai the oity eleoioratea, and to uiiko the vo'e of » oity elector worth only three-foa-th3 that of a chantry elector and this wooll indoor 1 have baen the case if, aa the; argao, ths whole populitfoa were electors, that is If every man, woman and child bad a vote, but aa only every adult male haa a voto, their contention, as we Bhall Bee, f*l)s to the ground like all other contentions that aro based on false prom'a'H Now the last elactlong show that tho whob of ] tha WalllngSon oity electoratfg had only one-fourth of the population on the eleo toral roll?, and tbia may be taken aa a fale sanapie of oity electorates, the remaining ihree-foucthg being woman and ohlldrao, of whom a mnoh larger proportion aro In the towns thsn In the country. la tho country electorates about onethird of the population are on tha rolls, tho ramalniDg two-thirds being women and children. We will now apply those proportions to the Government 8. 11 (wh'ch the country membsra supported) and aae how they work out. The Bill provides a quota of 10 220 of the population for- the towns for the election of one membar and 7665 fos the country, and to eaodrtain the number of electors la eaoh we muat tike (as haa been ahown) one-fousth of th-i town qoota and one-third of ths country quota ; that is, one-fourth of 10,220 is 2555, and one-third of 7665 la a'ao 2556, ehowing that the voting power of both town and ooantry ia preciasly tho aame as Intended by the Bill, what thou br^omaa of the statement that " the voting power of the towna ia only three-fourths that of tho country V and thla a'ao disposes of tha Btatement that " the Bill,. would disfranchise the to was." Bat now Ist us see tow the town and coun'.ry electorates will be relatively affected by tha compromise which plvea as the quote of popnlatlon to thatowna of ona mambar, 9676, ani to the oounfcry for on 9 member, 7565, aad to ascertain thla we muat ai befor-. tr«ke onafourth of the town qiota, 9676, which gives 2419 eleotors, and onj-th!rd of the country quota, 7565, which gives 2521 olao;ora, or m other words there will be 102 more eleotora ia tlie country ooaa.ltaenoy than m a town oonatiiaonoy, reqalring over 300 more of popuhtlon fir the country thau for the towna for tha election of one member, which is of coarse all against the oounhy and In favor of the towns, and this is on the 28 per cant added* Now to imke the compromiao (under whioh the larga towns and boroughs are separated from the country) jast And equal, tha town members shoold have agreed to the propoaal of the country morabara to have 33$ added to the country, whioh woald give a quo'a of 9960 population to the towns and 7473 to the oountry, then a] before divide the town "quota by 4, and we have 2490 elootora for the towns, and dividing tli6 country qiota by 3 glvea 2491 eleotors for the o^nn-.ry, making the two equ*l m VJ'lDg power. It will be Baen, therefore, that the concession under the compromiaa ia altogether on tha part of the country member?, and m favor of the towno, and whon m adddition to this la considarad tho difficulties, coat and tlraa incurred m contesting country electorates, and m political combination, and rsoorcl 'ng of votes on the part of the country eleotora as oompared with the towns, it will aho ba aeeu that the credit for magnanimity ahown m defence of a great prlnolple—which baa been bo freely applied to the town msmbera by their own aupportorß, and by them aa freely appropriated— really belongs to tha country membore, who have been contending all through (as. we con now Bee) for jastioe and equality. It la evident they have coaoedel a point to save time and ooafc to the oouutry, end feoiing themselven the stronger have gracefully yielded to the weaker party ; and that all honor ia due to them for ao doing Ia the opinion of unbiased olt'zans. and will bo the verdict of every Intelligant and fair minded man thronghout the colony,
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THE REPRESENTATION QUESTION, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2195, 9 August 1889
THE REPRESENTATION QUESTION Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2195, 9 August 1889
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