WHAT WE KNOW OE THE SOOTH POLE.
[" Cajsell'B Family Mogiahe."]
The golden aga of Aatirctio dlßOwv.iry errived, when Captain (after varda Sir Jaraea) R-)bs was despatched from England m 1840 to fix tin poattlon of tho aonth magneto p le, and any other poution tie ouuld dlasovas? on the way there. Before Ross could reaofa tho scene of hla laborH, other explorara— Eaglifjh, Frenoh, and Amorioan— wore baay foreatallfng him. Of these the fuat waa the Eogliah man, Bjlleny, who sailing m Enderhy'a ship, tba E iz> Soot!;, dlaoovered In 1839 the islauda whioh bear hla name, and whloh lie almost under the Antarctic Olrole, and almost dao eoath from Raw Zetland. Billeny coald not land on the islands, bat he made sare of their exlatenoa, and afterwards, Balling far to the westward, ho mvr many more signs of land, and suapoated tha ex'ateuoa of mneh whloh he could not certainly vouoh for. What B*lU?n/ thought he caw waa prob*bly much what the Frenoh expedition uadar Duinont d'Urvllle Bolually did bos iv the followiag yeir— -several Jong lines of coast, whioh might bD pined to one another, and might evon rua on to join Endetby Land m tho weat, and If bo. might certainly ba partH of the Antarctic oontlnentthafc d'Urvllle waaanxiouß to find. JSot Ibbs anxious waa Wilkea, the leadesof tho United Btatoa Exploring Expedition, who, only a mouth efar the Frenchman, arrived within a degree or two of the Antarctic Circle, to tho south of New Zealand, and after seeing land where Balleny ha I CBrfcainiy seen it before, began to fancy that ho saw it also wh?re uodo had Been it beforej and, unfortunately, where no one has seen it since, For eomtf days indeed, \V ikes doubted whether what he behold were mountains or clouds, objocta which his crew watched eagerly to see if, with the Getting of the sun, they would ohange their coior. But after rnnniug westward along the edge of the pack fora few daya he made sure that he now saw land, and 6omewhat Inconeequently en framed it for oertaln that what be hid seen before was land alao. The discovery of an Antarctic continent was announced as a certainty ; a very large land, with a barrier of Ice before it and a range of mountains upon it, was laid down on the may ; and a cjpy of the map was handed by tho ra*h but generous explorer to Boas, who left Tasmania m the autumn of the same year to look for the magnetic pole, with the two sbipa Erebus and Terror, whioh afterwards b:re Sir John Franklin to his fate at the other end of the world. Ross had so little doubt that the Antarctic continent waa discovered already that he Beema to h&ve been almost disappointed when his way to the magnetic pole was barred by an unknown land. sTet thin laud, whloh lay south of the 70th parallel, and eastward of Balleny'B Islands, waa the moat southerly hitherto seen In the world, ' and on ifc roae mountains thoaaanda of feet high, plain and mountain alike robed m stainless enow, except on the ollfFa by the shore, where the blaok rook came oat. The aoant ran almoat due north and south, and along its eautern fice Roso advanced steadily till he had baaten Oook'a reoord and alao Weddell'a and gone further south thaa any before him ; but he ooald find no landing place on the mainland, ao choked was every Inlet with enow and Ice. Only on & small laland were the advontarers able to touoh Antarctic earth, a few men among thousands of Bcreaming and biting pangulna. Fresh mountains oame coa6taotly into view aa they moved oouthward ; at last one In latltnde 77 dog., over which what aeemed a oiond of bqow wsb blowing j bat when they oame nearer they oaw that tho cloud was smoke, and feavo the n»me of Mount Erebus to a glaut volcano higher than Etna, whloh belches forth amoke find fire m a land where all things are frozau, Bsfore Moaut Krebua lies Gape Oroz'or, and round Oape Orozler Rona hoped to find a way to the westward, so as to reaoh the magnefcfo pole by the back of the new land he has foand. Bat aa they approaohed they saw stretohlug from Cape Orozier, M aa far »a he eye oould could dlsoern to the eastward," a M low while line," the' nature of whiqh they did not understand till they oame oloa.e enough to see the truth with their eyes. Jt w«a a w»U of loe 150 ft high, without break or slope, bat one flittering porpendloalar ateep, through which, aa itoaa aaid, one might as easily paaj »a through t; 10 ollffa of Dover. A.long thia gleaming rampart Rooa ran taaward foe 250 mlloa, aud In tho one ceetilogyecr— lß42— for 200 more without oqmlng to ita end, on both of whloh oco^alon3 he reached the high latitude of 73ieg. Booth, whioh haa uever slnoo baen approaohed by any man.
See our copyright guide for information on how you may use this title.
Use these buttons to limit your searches to particular dates, titles, and more.
Print, save, zoom in and more.