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LOCAL AND GENERAL.

In Ohiongo a lioon t^*'*B : ibeon granted to tho American Exeouti Company, the objesi of wbioh iR (o under! akn tho oxooution of all orndomned criminals m the United States.

It is n! filed by a Wairarapa paper that Jonathin Roberis has, until lately, b*en e.g. g^d as a rabl iter on one of the larpe runn m ih it dis'riot. He left reoontly infirralog his m^to that ho intended liking a trip dQtyn acid, thea gota| to;4Q^|lin,

The trade of the Pacific Coast with Australia, exolusive of Now Zoalaud, has boon making rno-t gigantio strides. The exports from San Franotßoo to Australia during 1881 amounted m value to 1.830,100 dollars, as coojparrd with 1,009,611 dollars m 1887.

The rffoota of tho stonewall would appear to havo extended to tbo Wellington Post Oflloe olook whioh iho other night at tan minutea to cix o'olook prooeeded to Btrike 43. Tbe olook, however, will probably bo restored to working order before Pariiamunt is^

The General Assembly of tho Free Ohuroh of Scotland has made a grant to tho Presbyterian Missions iv Australia an'l New Zealand, to the extent of £1000. Ac tho sumo tituu there seems grounds for antioipating tbat the liberality of the Ohuroh towards tho oo'oniul missions is gradually drying up.

Ensilage is proving a great help to oattle mnn m India. It savoa iho stock from Blarvation m hot wont her, when tho grans ia driad up. Tho native grasses mako good cnsilugo. Cattle fed on such eneilago, with one pound daily of ooaoanut poinaao, aro always fit for tho bu.ahor.

A Baheme for improving tbe fowls of the poor peasantry m Southorn and Western Iroland is meeting with hearty response among Eaglißh poultry-breodors. Tho idea is to have these fanoiera send their surplus stook to one p?xty to be by him distributed among deserving peabants. This is a private enterprise.

A Now Zealand visitor to tbo Paris Exhibition has tbe following unkind out at (he Frenoh : — "On tho day that the wine bar jointly oooupied by Viotoria and South Australia m the Pariß Exhibition was opened over 2000 glasses of the wince of these colonies wero Bold. Few of the Frenoh drinkers had ever tasted pure unadulterated wine^before."

Who shall say that our Chinese fellow oitizons ire stingy or illiberal. A Chinaman wont into the Oooidental Hotel, Wellington, where the proprietor asked him to Bign the petition m favour of Ohemiß. John signed it wi bout a word, and then putting hia bund into his pooket, aeLod quietly, " How muohee subsilption ?" He was quite surprised when informed that he had nothing to pay. — " Poat."

The "Sydney Morning Herald " gives the following |ss iho result of recent Australian loans : — Viotoria 4 per oent, average prioe, £108 18s lOd; net interest per annum, £8 12s 41 p?r oent ; New South Wales 8J per oeDt (1888), £103 12s 2<J ; interest, £8 7s 7i ; Viotoria, 3£ per oent, £103 6s, and £8 7s 4d; South {Australia, 8£ por oent, £100 2b lid, and £8 103 6}d ; Tasmania, 3£ per oent, £98 53 B J, and £'& 12s 5d ; New South Wales, 8£ per oent, £102 84, and £8 8s 6d.

In Bt Louis grain gambling has been outlawed. On April 27 the Missouri Legislature passed tbe Grain Option Bill, prohibiting the sale of grain, stooks, or bonds whon the seller does not aotually have jthe full amount of tho artiole sold m bis possession. On the 9th inst., the Governor signed the Act, and tho dealors m " options " are paniostrioken. The statute is so worded that the issue oannot be dodgod, and tho St Louis grain gamblers are said to favour dosing tbe Merchants Exchange and opening a Board of Trade ovor m Illinois, at Enst St Louis.

Tho "London Daily Telegraph" aaye:— " At length there is a break m the olouda that have bo long darkened the Irieh sky. Tho • bit of b'ue ' is as welcome as tho flowers of this h>ppy Miy wbioh has begun so well. • Tbe tenants are anxious for poaoe ; the tenants aro (ready for arbilration,' is tbe report, not of tho Unionist paper, but of tho aooreditod organ of 'he L^Bguo, edited, when he is out of gaol, by Mr William O'Brien. Dr Walsh, the Roman Oatbolio Arohbishop of Dublin, confirms thist news, and urges Che few landlords still fighting with their tenants to take the olive-branob held out to them from the other side. He writes :—' There are not now, I venture to say, fifty estates m all Ireland whero any serious trouble exists. I believe, indeed, tbat tbe number is far below fifty— probably twenty ia nearer tbe mark »

Mr Campbell Praed, husband of the famous lady novelist, baß just gained a ouriouß aotion for libel. Last year a Mr William Graham started a journal called the "(ientleman." Ho was very anxious to secure the anrviooa of Mrs Gampbell i'raed as a oontributor. Thet lady being unwell, Mr Campbell Praed bad one or two interviews with him concerning bor proposed contribution?. Mr Graham gave a soiree on the eve of tha first appearance of bis journal, at whioh Mr Oampbo 1 Pruod was prcsout. On the following day Mr Graham "wrote to Mrß Campbell Praod, tel'ing bor that it would bo impossible for him to suffer her to remain as one of his contributors, m conßequanoo of her hii'bnnd having on the previous evening apkod a youug lady, who was at the soiree, to dine alone with him. Mr Campbell Praed at onoe commenood legal prooeedings for libel, and when the oaso was {heard last week the jury awardod him $500 damages. The elar.dor ;seems to have bean as falao and unjustifiable es anything oou'd havo been.

Everybody (says a correspondent of a Home papor) is bu»y m tho North exoept the relieving ofnocrs. Tho Clyde shipbuilders havo some 150 vessels, of an aggregate tonnage of 800,000 m hand, and yet the output of new work during the pant fow weeka has bpon considerably less than tbe contracts secured. A similar atory comee from the Mersey, while a Stookton correspondent writes that " the good old times, when a beggar on Too-side was almost as rare as a dodo," are rapidly returning. On the banks of tbe Tyne there are 80 vessels, while at Sunderland some CO or JO are \n course of oonstruotion. Perhaps the most striking way m whioh to Bhow the extent of tbo shipbuilding industry at the present time is to state tbat there are on the Btooka ships representing about 80,000 tons for Germany, 17,000 (or Portugal, 10,000 eaob for Fianoe, Norway, and tbo British colonies, 9000 for South Amerioa, 7000 for Belgium, and ao on.

A now mountain railway has just boen opened on Mount Pilatus ia Switzerland. It Botms to rival the Abt Railway, which has so' often been alluded to on aoocunt of its adaptability for the New. Zealand Midland Railway. The new railway rises up Mount Pilatua to the height of 7000 feel, the average gradient baing 42 m 100. Tho total leegth of the line is 4618 metres, or nearly threo miles and gauge about a yard. The train consists of one engine and one oarriage holding thirty persons. The boiler stands lengthwise aoroßS the rails, and oooupies a very small spaoe behind the vehioles. Under neath are four oogrwheels fixed horizontally upon two movable axles. I'lioho whoels grip a double row of vortical oogs m a raok rail, which stands up midway botween the two rails. The whole traokis of iron and steal firmly bolted to a road of granite blocks. The ooga ar« controlled by strong automatic brulcos, and iho oiißinoorn claim that they are able to hold tho train at any point of the lino Tho inventor of this system is Oolonol B. L-joner, O.E of Zurich. The total ooat of the line, exo'u3ivo of land, was two and ahalf million franoa (£100,000).

We clip tho following impqrtant tegtiinoniol (rom tho "Illawarra B|eroury " (IJ.y.V^.) o f the 30th March. It needs no oomment: — " Itfr John L.ove(Jay, o! the liulli Mountain, writes to ua that after BUii'oriag for four yoara with apute gravel, he has e^perienood almost oomplete relief by using Sandnr and Sons' Buoalypti Rxtraot. IJe gays ceoing the Baid ExLraot advertised m the * Illawarra lvleroury,' his intense suffering induood him to obtain a bottle of tho medioiuo from Mr HoskinjT, ohomist, of this town, and that tho use of it gave him great relief at onoo. He states that between tho 10th Maroh. instant, when ho obtained the firai. bottle of the extract, and tho 19th, the use of that modioino continued to afford him relief, to which he had been a stranger for four yo^rs.. I^r Loveday writoa aIBO that he has found the Kuoalyptl Bxtrnpt a euro for rheumatism as vsol} as grave). He rcqijoat3 us to publish lliia information through U>e » Mercury.* W» have muoh pleasure m oomplying with Mr Loveday's request, whoae word qanngt bo doubted, and who oan have no objoot In view other than a pure dosire to beneiic eufforiug humanity." — )Advt. 2

Tint best Rkmrdy vok Indigestion.— Norton's Camomhk Pii^s are confidently recommended as a s';i.|.L vjnqedy for indigestion, which is the cuise of nearly all 6 ilisep.ses to which we are subject. No; to n Pills, with juilicc cal'e^ tht? " nuturc'B UrenKlbeoer of the human stomach, 1 ' cct as a powcrfi'' tonio and gentle apeilunt, arc mild iti thuir operation, a-'d saf« under any circum itanceH Sold ia boll lei at la rjd, as gl by .'I medicine; vendor? throujji) «t the* , rorld v «"*

The Earl of Hopetoun, who has been appointed to tho Govornorohip o£ Viotoria, is ' the seventh bearer of the title. His full name is John Adrian Louis Hope, and ho is 29 years of ago. Ho haa bljoo 1885 been a Lord-ia-Waiting, and has on threo oooasions aoted as Lord High Commissioner to the General Asoombly of the Ohuroh of Sootland.

The bioyolJßta that are to take part m the torohlight prooession to-morrow nigtit will meot at j Moore Btreet at seven o'olook. The procession will be headed by tuo Brass Band, followed by Kingsley Bros, both on one bioyole, distributing coloured fires. £\\ bicyclists aro invited toattend.

A meeting of the Tinwald Sohool Committee was held on Friday evening. Present : — Messrs J. Gudedl (ohairman), F. Lowe, O. Doherty, W- H. Smith, J. Waito, and J. R. Oorrigan. Tho master's report was read and adoptodl Tho inspeotorß' report was considered highly Batisfaotory. A week's winter holidays wero gran led to tho school. Metsrß J. It. Oorrigan and F. Lowe wero appointed a visiting ooumiitteu for the ensuing monib.

A return preßuuted to the House shows that the expenditure on the Governor's establishment, Ministers' salaries and allowances, and departmental expenses for the year 1888 9, was only £1,913,313, as against £2,079,327 m 1887-88. Tne reductions under the diuorent headings were as follows ; — Governor's establishment, £903 ; Ministerial salaries, et0.,i>2850; legfalative v0te,£22,481; departmental expenditure, £129,778.

Professor Borreson leotures to-night at the Oddfellows' Hall on tho subject of phrenology " The Brain and the Mind." The lecturer's reputation leads us to expeot an instructive leoture to those who take an interest m phrenology, and that some knowledge of the principles of the scienoe will be imparted to those who have never studied it. A ooloied chart of tbe head will bo given free to every adult who attends to-night, and this alone should ensure a largo attendance.

Mr David Boott, the Kangitikei sportsmam who bred and owned the flat, hurdle, and steepleobaßß borße Abua, sold him on Saturday to Mr Dunoan Rutherford for £400. Ahua is by tbe defunct sire Painter, from ibe Traduoer mare Cornelia, and is nine yearß old this foaling, and as sound as the day he first appeared on the turf. He has been raoing aeven seasons, and has also left some useful Btook m the district from whioh he hails. He waa a good performer on the flat, and has an unbroken hurdle ruoo record.

Mr Fieb, who ao an old iomoer of the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows, has shown a great interest m the question of the solvency of friendly societies, reoommendß the Premier to instruct the Registrar of friendly Societies, m publishing his annual reports m future, to define, m the interests of tho community generally, those societies whioh are fiuanoially sound, and whioh are not, iuasmuoh, as his reports are at present framed, m the eye's of the uninitiated all aro condemned alike.

A man natnedjVinoent was found m a wild state m tbe bush at Teauru on July 20ib, and subsequently taken to Masterton and committed to the Asylum. When discovered bo was m a very low and emaciated condition, without boots or socks, and evidently Buffering from hunger, having been running wild for BeYcral dajß. He was gnawing at tho horns and part oPthe skeleton of a bullock's head. Afier arrival at the Masterton look-up hu condition under kindly treatment improved, but bis mind appeared quite unchanged, Vincent, who ia abouj thirty-five years of age, is a native of Wellington, where his relatives reside.

The Post Offioo Savingsjßank returns for the quarter ending 80th L June Bhow a falling off from tho corresponding period of the previous year. There was a dooreaße of 208 m the number of aooounts opened. The total number of deposits was £879,084, as against £417,529. The amount of withdrawals was £858,286, as against £887,568. The excess ot deposits over withdrawals was only £20,747, as against £79,960. The largest deposits for the June. 1689, quarter were :-— Ohrietohurob, £88,882 : Wellington, £67,383; Dunedin, £54,141 ; Auokland, £48,449. Tbe largest exoess of deporits over withdrawals was : — Ohristohurob, £8922 ; Wellington, £5948 ; Waoganui, £2771 ; Blenheim, £2150. Tho only towns where the withdrawals exceeded the deposits were J — Auokland, £2004 ; Greymoutb, £2403 ; Hokitika, £910 ; ,Oamaru, £291.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2185, 29 July 1889

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