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LOCAL AND GENERAL.

The " Marlborough Express " stateß that from February 25th to the beginning of this month 555,893 rabbits have been put through at the Marlborough Meat Company's Works, near Blenheim, The best railway gauge m the world, aooording to Mr Eddy, chairman of the N.S.W. Commissioners, is 4ft B Jin— aooording to Mr Speight, chairman of tne Victorian Commissioners, sft 3in. A trial of the Howard Digging Plough, which was exhibited m Ashburton some time ago, was held m a paddook belonging to Mr Hunt, m the Wakanui goad, yesterday afternoon. There was not a large attendance, but the work done met with the appreciation I of those present. A tourist, standing on the shore of a Scottish looh, called out m a loud voioe : "Halloa, there! which of you fellows can swim ? " All the boatmen at onoe crowded around him, exclaiming : " I oan eir ; I can J" Only one stood apart from the rest! To him 1 the tourist said : " You there, can't you swim?" "No, sir." "Very good, then ferry me aoroBB." Our Melbourne correspondent says : — When " lush " and " whiskey " disagree things look ominous enough to oause rejoioing m the, teetotal camp, or extort a smile from the grim visage of Mr Vale. Huoh an event actually happened last week. A man namod Whiskey sued a man nailed Lush for the recovery of £3. Lush keeps a boardpng-hpußO and it seemed only natural that Whiskey j Bbould lodge with him. One day Whiskey returned after a week's abßenoe, and alleged that some olothes were missing out of a p.ortmanteap. Juush deolined to be held responsible and /r.efpß.ed tp pay. Hence the little episode at the )Prahran Ooari wfyiph has brought Meßßrs Wbißkey and fcmsb hefore i the public. In declining to idemnify Lush at the expeme of Whiskey, the bench charged &uib one guinea, (oojts) f O r tbj troybji j)a jjad liTtntbtW. _

I To meet the inoreasing demands for ton* nage for the conveyanoe of frozen meat and dairy produce to London, the directors of the New Zaataud Shipping Company, Limited, have arranged to bring out a oargo Bteamer with insulated chambers capable of carrying 25,000 carcases of frozen mutton. The Bteamer will also have a carrying capaoity for general oargo equal to 5000 bales of wool, and will ba available for' loading m the. Colony m January next. At the Oakleigh Park races, near Melbourne, on the 16th inßt., a BO.indal ooourred m oonneotion with the last race, the result being that the New Zealand horse Esoapade, I his owner. (Mr F. Paneti), and the jookey Stratford, were al) diEqualifiod for 12 months for running the horse m a Buspioious i manner m the Visitors' Handioap. Escapade waß a warm favourite, and he wae kept baok at the Btarf, and afterwards was ridden m a manner whiah caused the stewards to consider than an inquiry was advisable. At a meeting of the Canterbury Protection League the following resolution was unauioarried and ordered to be forwarded to the Protectionist members : — " That the Industrial Protection League of New Zealand views with alarm the movement now going on m and out of Parliament to set the country against .the towns; and, m the opinion of this league, to work for the welfare of this oolony it ia neoessary they should go hand m hand ; and, further, this league ib of opinion that the present quota is ample, and shoald not be altered." There iB a sort of superstition m Franoe that no dynasty or form of government m that oountry can endure for more than 18 years. This belief has been held for a third of a century or more, and the events within that period have served to intensify and extend it. These faots are contained m the record of the duration of eaoh governmental system m that period here shown:— First Republic, established 1792, lasted 12 years ; First Empire, 1804, lasted 10, years ; Bourbon Kingdom, 1814, lasted 16 years; Orleanist Kingdom, 1830, lasted 18 years ; Second Republic, 1848, lasted 4 years; Second Empire, 1861, lasted 18 years ; and the Third Republic, 1871, has, so far, lasted 17 years and 11 months. The next month will thus prove whether thiß superstition is to hold good. A Bill is now before the British Parliament for better securing the purity of beer. It provides that every person who Bells or exposes for sale, by wholesale or retail, any beer brewed from or containing any ingredients other than hops or malt from barly shall keep conspicuously poßted at the bar or plaoe where suoh boer is sold or exposed for sale a legible notioe stating what other ingredients are contained m such be6r. Nonoomplianoe with this enactment is to be visited with a fine of £5 for the first offenoe, and £20 for any seoond or subsequent offence. The term "beer"j includes beer (other than b'aok or spruoe beer), ale, and porter. T c passing of suoh an Act by the New Zealand Parliament would be a Btep m the right direction. It ia notorious that ingredients other than pure malt and hope are largely used m the manufacture of our beer by brewers m haste to get riob. A young man named George Winoh has oome into possession of property m Sydney of considerable value m a remarkable manner. He is a butoher by occupation, and oarried on business at Clifton HilL Recently he took the liberty of kissing one of his customers — a married woman. A prosecution followed for an assault, and he was fined £6 6s. The publioity given to the {proceedings happened to arrest the attention of a firm of solicitors of Sydney, who had been appointed trustees of certain property whioh had been left to Mr Winoh by a distant relative nineteen years ago, and the solicitors were until now unable to find any traoe of the heir. The newspaper , report of ,tho kisaing episode attraoted their attention, and therein they saw his name, and oommunioated with him. He haß furnished the history of hie antecedents, and established his identity beyond a doubt. In (he report of the statistician to tho Department of Agriculture at Washington for the month of Maroh, 1889, says the London "Times," one of the most interesting of all the tables given m the volume is that giving the details of the wheat crop of the world m 1888, the figures for eaon oountry being translated into the weight of 601 b, the Amerioan standard for the Winchester bushel. This is as follows : — United States 415,368,000; Canada, 32 000,000; Argen, tine Repubiio and Chili, 28,375,000; Austria, 51,075,000 ; HuDgary, 131,746,872 ; Belgium 14,879,130; Denmark, 4,823,750; Franoe 273,620,125; Germany, 105,000,000; Great Britain and Ireland, 76,760,671; Greece, 4,823,750 ; Italy, 106,079,370 ; Netherlands, 4,286,250; Portugal , 7,093,750; Roumania, 51,075,0 0; Russia (exolusive of Poland), 254,619,000; Servia, 4,540,000; Spain 101,156.875; Sweden, 4,256,250; iNorway, 312,125 ; Switzerland, 1,702,500 ; Turkey, 42,562,500 ; India, 866,882,112 ; Asia Minor, 88,306,250; Persia, 23,700,000; Syria, 14,187,500 ; South-east Asia, 8,512,500 ; Cape ol Good Hope, 3,818,686 ; Algeria, 19,862,500; Egypt, 14,187,500; Außtralaßia, 47,588,161; total 2,152,669,134. Bluff Hal 1 Honest Hal ! Straightforward Major ! Pooh Bah has, by judicious use of that poor tool, the Colonial Secretary, perpetrated one more oharaoteristio trick. He reoeives a deputation of town members. "Should the oountry districts have a 83£ quota ? Certainly not } Shameful ex tor ; tion ! Abominable proposal. Nothing more than 2,5 per cent; Rely on nw, my dear friends, and all will go go as, you wish." Exit deputation, bleating but trustful. Enter by Another door deputation of oountry members. "Want 83} quota? Certainly} Rely on me, support me, and you shall have it | Only we'll juat call it 25 per oent for the sake of appearances, (food bye / Good bye I So glad that you dropped m." And then the old serpent drafts a Bill whioh tflfres 25 per cent from the town and gives 88J to the oountry, and puts up the unhappy Colonial Seorotary, who oan't add two and two together, to bring m the Bill ! Well, well 1 It's Iwnest Major Hal, so it's all right I suppose. Had it been that financial juggler, Yogel, we should have oalled him an infernal swindler.—" Butterfly." (" JDunedin Herald," In view of the many disoueaions taking plaoe at present with regard to railway management, it may be interesting to note that Mr John M. Cook, managing partner of Thos. Cook and Sonß, the well-known tourist agents, wrote an interesting letter to the "London Times" recently on railway facilities, fares, eto. As sinoe 1865 he has travelled on an average 25,000 miles a year andion almost every Hoe of railway of any importance m every quarter of the globe, his views are entitled to some weight, on the matters dealt with m the letter. The gilt of oommunioation is that m part of tho world is the travelling publio bo well and so cheaply served by the railways ns m England. America oomes nearest, but m his opinion is below England m the matter both of facilities and of lowness of fares. The rates there fluctuate from one penny a mile to 3.Yd, the average of many of the fares being about 2Jd per mile. He suggests one or two improvements of no great moment. Of America, by oontrast, he speaks with only moderate reßpeots, but Franoe, and the Conti. nent geneially, he dismisses with a oontemp. tuoufl wate, as having no claim to be oon. sidered on any ground, excepting that of punctuality— an exoellenoe more easily within the reaoh of slow than of fast trains, Jn Lord Munoaeter's family is an anoient glass yesssl whjph j 9 regarded as a most preoious heirloom, being presented by Henry VI. to the head of the house of J?arinington, who adhered to the fortunes of the White Roees, and concealed the above unfortunate monaroh for many weeks m his mansion. Whan oonoealment waa no longer practicable the King, before he bid Sir John de Pennington adieu, thus addressed his loyal Bubjeot f — " Silver and gold and jewels I have none to give, but this I will give, and with it the blessing of the most unfortunate of prinoep." Thereupon he gave Sir John a curiously shaped glass vase m which he used to keep his holy water, and kneeling down implored God that a male heir might never bo wanted to this anoient raoo. Sir John and his descendants havo ever since treasured the Royal gift, regarding it m the light of a talisman of the house, and it is the traditional belief iihat go long ns tho oup remains unbroken a male Jjeir yilj n^var be lacking to the house of Penningtou, go j^eat \o tjieir faith m the blessing that attended the gifc that when the box containing it onoe fell to the ground no one had the courage to open it tot eevoral years to ascertain the injury it had sustained .: but maob £o the joy of the family when the box wag ppeh«fl the glaei WM found qqi^UnbrolsiD, rff* * * ,

The Austrian Minister of Finance, who is the nimblest politioian m the world for in--1 veating new taxes, has decided to tax bets wagered m the favourite Oontinental way through the totalisateurs betting agenoies, The pupils of the Roman- Cat holio sohools m the^ Auckland district are aotively preparing exhibits for the forthcoming Dunedin Exhibition. It ia intended to display samples of writing, drawing, composition, mapping, arithmetical and other exercises, sewing and needlework, etc., from eaoh standard, as set out m the regulations ; and] application has been made for [space for the exhibits of 17 sohools m this district The North Ofcago " Times " says :— " We understand that a oase will come before the Supreme Court m Oamaru m September next, m whioh Mr W. Christie sues Mr District Judge Ward for damages for false imprisonment. The plaintiff's oase, we believe, will be that he was oommitted to gaol for an offence that he had not oommitted. Plaintiff will be represented by Mr Chapman, of Dunedin, and the defendant by Sir Robert Stout." The raid on unregistered dogs, a few weeka ago, was generally considered to have been pretty effective, but some esoapea from the vigilanae of the police were effeoted. The coursing yesterday at Laghmor was more than once interfered with by two aollarless greyhounds belonging to some individual unknown, In justioe.to those who pay for their dogs, a further effort should be made to enforce the registration or the destruction — the latter would be preferable —of these poaching nuisances. It is stated that the Midland Railway surveys [are so far advanoed that a aontraot for a considerable sum will be let at the Springfield end early m September. Certainly the Most Effeotive MEDICINE m the world is SANDER and SONS' EUCALYPTI EXTRACT. Test its eminent powerful effeots m Coughs, Colds, Influenza, etc, ; the relief iB instantaneous. Thousands give the most gratifying testimony. Read this certificate :—" 24th April, 1885.— Messrs Sander and Sons,— lt is with the greatest of pleasure that I testify to the excellence of your Eucalypti Extract. Having had inflammation of the bone of the leg, whioh came on after a Bevere attack of low fever, I was attended by Dr J. Boyd, who had made strenuous efforts to Bave my leg, but without sucoobb. He found it necessary to amputate my limb. Having heard m the meantime of the wonderful cures worked by the Euoalypti Extraot, I obtained a bottle, and the extract had not been applied more than an hour when I began to feel greatly relieved. After applying the extract every four hours for nine or ten days I was out of all danger. I would persuade all who may be affeoted with any such disease to give the Euoalypti Extracttrial, and I am oonvinoed that they will find it the most wonderful of medioinea. — Yours, ato.,E.J. Oujwow, attl street Sandhurst. — (Advt.) 6

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2181, 24 July 1889

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