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It is 'said that an English oyndioato is interesting itself m the question of reclaiming the Waimea and Nelson mud flats. On the oooasion of tho last Oxford and Oambridge University beat raoo tho •• Now York Herald " London edition was printed m " Cambridgo blue " ink, ond had c two page profusely illustrated roport of tho raoo. Mr Mansorgh, tbe ongineer who has boon engaged to report upon a oyotom of underground sewerage for Molboyrno and suburbs, is to rooeivo £4000 Jand (ravelling expenses, and is to stay m tho oolony eight wacka, Entries for the ooursing mooting, whioh begins to-morrow, oloeo at tho Somoruot Hotel lonight at nine o'olook. Tho moot to-morrow will bo at Railway Orosfling, Fraaer'e road, at nine o'clock sharp, The stock m trado of the Zoalandia boo warehouse, East street, hus boon purohased 1 by tender, at a largo discount, by Mr Andrew Orr, v/ho announces that tbe goods, wbioh are all fresh Htook and of tbe best quality, will be on sale at bis shop, next Union Bank, on { !.£Qd »f ter pott TburitUy* \

A Royal Commission is to be appointed m I Viotoria to inquire into the maongemont of \ the charitable institutions of that oolony. We hnvo received from the Government, for free distribution, a fow oopies of Professor Long'ti pumphlct on tbe dairy industry m the oolony. Any farmer interested m the matter may obtain a oopy on application at this offioe It understood that the Goldtiolds' Committee of the House of Representatives are willing to oonsider a sobemo to plaoe the surplus labor of tho oolony at work on the goldfieldß, and have invited Mr Witheford, of Auoklnnd, to confer with thomjon tho matter. Lsßt week Captain W, J. Harris, of tho Salvation Army ut Tapanui, formorly of Mosgiel, had a narrow enonpo from what might have provod very sorioua injuries. Whilst crossing the railway bridgo ovor tho Floddon his foot slipped, and ho foil about twenty foet on to the rocks, severely huitiug ono of his legs and badly bruising othor parts of bis body. At the R.M. Court this morning, bofore Messrs Aloorn and Thomas, J P.'b, Thomas Laffey was flood 20s and costs for drunkenness, and ordored to be detained m oustody till four o'olook m the afternoon on a o'.mrgo having mado use of obdoone language. — A prohibition order, to have effeot throughout tho Borough and County was issued against J. Lusk. A late English paper says :— The Oriental Bank Corporation have paid their last dividend but one, whioh will muke 20s m the Jb, and this, due next yoar, oan bo reoeived undor a trifling rebate for immodialo oaßh, bo that tho old bank has struggled well through, and never need ""nave stopped. Tho New Oriental Bank Corporation progresses well m its plaoe. The Thameß "Advertiser" thoroughly condemns the members of the Borough Council for the lax manner m whioh they have allowed their business to be conducted. In speaking of Dean's esoape, it Bays t — lt iB quite possible that Dean may havo lauded at some isolated plaoe with a supply of provisions, thero to await a favouruble opportunity for his oonfederates or participators m tho fruits of his orimo to get him away quietly. It appears that tho rates at Thames amounted last year to £3062, of whioh more than £1000 is deficient. Dean is said to havo been entitled to call himself Sir Frederick Clarence Dean. There was a very fair attendance at the mooting on Friday night of tbe Ashburton Literary and Debating Sooiety, when "Should the franchise be extended to women," was debated. Mr Daly opened the debate m tbe a^Brmative with a oapital speeoh, and Mr Dowle m the negative. Several took part m tbe debate and aftor ibe President bad Bummed up a vote was taken, the result being a majority of 1 m favor of female suffrage* The Bubjeot for nextjdebate it was deoidod should be on " Prohibition," Mr Sturt to open m favor, Mi Salok against Eleotion of offloers for the next term will also take plaoe. The date of meeting will be duly advertised. In tbe football match Maoris v New South Wales the play exhibited by the New Zealandera met, writea an onlookor, with adverse oritiem. It was marked by roughneßs m tackling, and there wero one or two individual exhibitions, of ill-tempor. Indeed, on one oooasion the game was stopped on acoount of the .display of pugnacious feeling, and one of the ' New Zoalanders was warned by the referee that unless he kept within sooiable bounds he would not be allowed to play any longer.— Aa tho matoh was so one* Bidpd that rough play waß quite unoalled for, there was probably more foundation than Warbriok will admit for tho charges of roughner a mado against tho team m England The wonderful performances of the Eingsley Brothers at the Rink were witnessed by good houses on Saturday afternoon and evening. The evening exhibition inoluded a "ohair act," whioh consisted of • balanoing tbe brothers' two biqyolos eaoh on two ohairs, tbat is one wheel on eaoh' of the four ohairs. The brotben then want through a series of the most extraordinary aorobatic and balancing feats on the bioyoles, ono of the brothers standing ereot on the other's shoulders, both standing on their beads on the saddles of the machines, and many othor equally astonishing aots. The performances olioited great applause, and those who saw, as well as those who were unable to see, them will bo glad to hear that tbo I^ingsley Brothers will give ono wor^««btbUign here to-morrow week. Ovor m Philadelphia thoro has rooently oome to light a prooess of heat generation that is certainly novel, and wbioh, aooording to what oan bo learned, moy bo oonßidorod aa one of the greatest disooveries of those prolific days of applied soienoo. Tho prinoiple involved is tbat of converting air into fuel, boat or wood being used as kindlers; but suoh is the aotion of tbe elements employed that it is claimed the largost domostio furnace will oonsume less than five pounds of ooal daily. It is olaimod m addition to eoonomy that the heat oreated greatly oxaeeds that whioh may be measured by the consumption pf oarbonaoeous fuel. The proooßß is to bo applied to smolting and other manufacturing purposes and to domostio uses, the hot air from the domestio furnaoes to ba oonduoted through houses by flues m a manner similar to that employed by tbo 1 ordinary furnaoe. Tho discoverer of the process Is Edward JFaleß, a Philadelphia briok manufacturer, A Naples oorrospondent of an English paper writea that for Boveral years thoro has existed m a remote distriot near Salerno an organised band of thieves and murderers, with a oompleto constitution and recognised ohief liko the Oamorra, They wero ready at a moderate prioe to serve anyone who needed thorn .for any desperate exploit. To take a life only oost twenty franos. In the year 1884 tho oaptain of this baud, a man named Mottola, assisted by hiß lieutenant, Antonio Tardio, who has now emigrated to Amerioa, disguised as a friar, lay m wait near an old mill and killed an old man named Mandetta. Tho victim's son was suspooted of tho orimo, und kept m prison for a year and a half. A year ago Motolla murdered bis superior, the general of tho band. But this time he was disoovered } and now after a trial, during which be maintained tbe utmost composure, has been oondemnod to death, together with hia absont aooomplioe of tbe first orimo, Antonio lardio.

Mr FREDERICK SPEAR, Optician, from the late firm of Spoar'B and 00., opticians to the Queen, Dublin, is now m Ashburton, and oan be consulted at the Central Hotel for one week only. 7 119 Tbe bost medioine is Sandor and Sons' JSuoalypti Extraot. Tost its eminent powerful effeats m ooughß, oolaa, influenza, eto.--the relief is instantaneous. Thousands give the most gratifying testimony. His Majesty the King of Italy and medioal syndicates all ovor the globo are its patrons. Read the offioial roports that aooompany eaoh bottle. Wo have no oooaßion to offer rewards m proof of the gonuinoness of our reforenoes. The oilloial reports of medical clinics and universities, tho official communication of tho Oonsul-Gonoral for Italy at Molbourne ; the diploma awarded International Exhibition, Ainstordam— all thoso are authontio documents, and, as suoh, not opon to doubt. We add here epitome of one of the various caßos treated at the olinio of Schultz, M.D. Professor, etc—" (J. 8., 24 years old ; congestional absoess on tho thigh. Inoisions mado m two plaoos. Although Lister's dressing was applied, tbe seoretion beoame, two days later, very copious, and had adopted a foetid dooompoaed oharaoter. The temperature rose enormoasly. In oonsequenae the dressing was removed, and m its plaoe were made during tho day-time repeated irrigations with Euoalypti Extraot. The offensivo footer disappeared very Boon, thp foyer abated within a few days, and the patient reopyerpd after the lapse of several weeks. In this instance we must not lose sight of tho faot that the latter treatment saved the pationt'B life.' ~-> (Avdt.) 3

A Melbourne paper Bays :— " It ia Btated j I that thoro is at the General Post Offioe/ awaiting a olaimant a letter addressed tn the most honest and ronpeotable lawyor m Melbourno.' The delivery of ordinary lottors 1 at the windows will have to be suspended to make room for tho crowd of applioanta for 1 tbat letter. Near tbe Oity of San Salvador, m Central I Amerioa. are two aotive voloanoes— San Miguel and Izaloo— whioh present a magnifioont display to passengers of steamships sailing along the coast. Izaloo is ab regular as a olook, the eruption occurring like the beating of a mighty pulse every soven minutes. It is impossible to conceive of a grander speotaole than this monster, raising about 7000 foot almost directly from the sea, an immense ' volume of steam like a plume constantly pouring out of its summit and broken with 3uoh regularity by musses of light rising 1000 feet that it has been named El Fora del Salvador— tho Lighthouse of Salvador. It ia m many respcots tho most remarkable voloano m tho world, because its disoharges havo continued so long and with suoh regularity, aud beoause tbe tumult m tbe earth's bowoto is always to bo heard. Its explosions are oonstant, and aro audible 100 miles off. It is the only voloano that haa originated on the oontinent sinoe tho disoovery by Columbus. It arose from the plain m 1770, m the midst j of what had been for nearly 1000 years a magnifloent coffee and indigo plantation. Sir Charles Rubsoll started life as a solioitor m Belfast, where he had for a rival one of the most gifted pleaders who ever addressed a court — the onoe notorious John Rea. It waß partly chagrin at bis inability to oopo with hia redoubtable antagonist tbat impelled Rußßell to leave Belfast for London, where his large oapaoity aided by the moat plodding industry, oombined to raise him to tho proud position of tbe first forensio lawyer of bis generation. Long after he had aohieved greatness he responded to an invitation of bis admirers to address them m hia native town on some great question of the day, Among hia audienoe on that question waa the man who had taken many a fall out of him m earlier days— John Rea, himself. The epoooh like his latest effort, was, "a great ono and worthy eofc of a great oooasion." On one of his hearers at least it had a most powerful effect. Poor Rea, whose mind was unhinged by domestic trouble and a vioious oourse of life, was bo keenly embittered by the , oontrast of bis own ignorant life work with that of the great orator of the night— hia old rival— that he went straight to hia bedroom and shot himßolf through the head. A well attended meeting of the Rover Football Club was held on Friday ia tbe Oourt Chambers, the oaptain m the ohair. It waa resolved tbat only members of a recognised football club be permitted to play m praotioe matohes. A selection oommittee waa eleoted to pick teams for matches, etc., consisting of Messrs Knight, A. A. Orr, and O. Neal. It waa deoided to meet Temuka on Wednesday, July 81, at Temuka, the team to leave per express. The Secretary waß instructed to write to the Secretary of tht Southbridgo Olub informing him that the dates the Rovers had open would bo tbe 7th, 14th, and 21st of August, when they would be glad to moet bis olub at either Rakaia or Ashburton. The Secretary was aleo m. atruoted to write to the Secretary of the Ashburton-Rakaia Olub asking them to arrange a date for a matoh. The following have boon seleoted to play next Wednesday m to .ms chosen by the oaptain and vioeoaptain: —Captain's team: H. Moss, W. Kidd, W. Hefford, H. H. Stephens, William, aon (oaptain), W. Roberta, R. Hepburn, R. Grubb, Q. Arthur, J. Muller, Lyons, Buohanan, fi. J. Stewart, G. B. Knight. Vioe-oaptain's team : 0. Mobb, G. Hefford, A. Daley, A; A. Orr (vioe-oaptain), G. Finlay, T. Leitoh, G. Clark. Broughtoo, Murray, jF. Taskor, R. Sawle, B. Lowe, H. Craighead, and H. Stewart.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2179, 22 July 1889

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2179, 22 July 1889