BETTING AND GAMBLING
li| the Lower House of Convocation of Canterbury, on May 11, the Bishop of '^nllford, prolocutor, In the ohair, Arohideaoon Lina preaanted the report of the committee oa the prevalence of betting and gambling.. Instated that batting and gambling as boounonly understood were evllß iv themselves, and were to be cUssed as Bin, In bo far as they sprang from oovetoueaesp, or from the desire to overreaoh the neighbour* It was immoral m prlnoJple for a Ohrlatian man to seek bis livelihood or the Increase of hla estate by means of unproductive labour, from which no profit aoorued to the oommoD wed, and by which tbe winner rendered no tqutvaleni to the man whose money he received. The firet steps In yonhful dishonesty and fraud were frvqaently taken m order to recoup the losses of money Jnoarred by boto or In games of ohanoe and skiH, and rha committee had abundant eyldecoj that a larpe number of prisoners under punishment for theft and fraud had been led by their losses In betting and gamb tag into the offenoes of whloh they- b»i been convicted. It was a matter of notoriety that "hella" existed In many parts of London and other towne, and the raids made by the police on such places were atroag evidence of the serious extent of this evil. Tbe committee suggested the following remedies :— Remnoatranos wi h individuals by parents, teaohers, employers of labor, and all persons m authority, as well as by tbe clergy j plain speaking from the pulpit, exposing the direct stn of these praottces and their evil oOaßequenoes ; enforcing the dnty of Ohrisuan men and womeu to set their faods agalnac them as strongly as against drunkenness and Imparity ; and exhort ing the upper classes to set a wholesome example tn these things ; the warning candidstes for confirmation against these praotloes, and enforoing the subject In books of devotion ; the circulation of tracts, handbills, and tbe like, and the delivery of popular lectures on the subject^ earnest efforts on the part of headmasters of eohoola to create and foster a sound public opinion on this subjeot amongst their scholars ; the maintenance of oaptvlns of passenger ships and by railway autborltiea cf strict rales against gambling on board ship and railway carriages. After touching upon the qaesilou of legislative action, regarding which they abstained from offering definite suggestions, the committee expressed their belief that good might be effected by a systematic and vigorous enforcement of tbe existing law; To this end they recommended that an appeal Bhould be widely made to the magistracy and the police authorities, to do all In their power to check and abate the evil.
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