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LOCAL AND GENERAL

In tho division on referring the Fisher cor* respondenoe to the PrintiDg Committde, Mr Hialop voted against Mr Fisher, bat the other four Ministers did not vote at all, or Mr Fisher would have lost the division.

In Auckland the total rainfall for the month of June was 10*41 inohes, whioh falls short of that oi 1860, whioh was 112 5 inohes, by over three-quarter sof an inoh. Enormous damage haß been done m the Auckland provinoe by the floods.

J* the whole floating oommeroe of the ninK« tun **'Uißh flag covers one-half of that l^co^one.n^ of that t which is pre polled by canvas and ;-a-tbirda of that propelled by steam. And of thi 0 fl Qormous amount of British shipping the portiC* belonging to the British colonies, set down at some two million tons, id 50 per oent. m exoeßS of the shipping of any foreign nation.

Praotioal steps are now being taken towards oarrying into effeot the soheme for irrigating the Riverina. Owners of land on the Canterbury Plains Bhould consider the enormous inorease m production whioh is being gained m Australia by the adoption of the system of irrigation, and must awake to the necessity of practising the system here if they not wish to find some day that Australia oan produce her own food cheaper than New Zealand oan eupply it.'

1 At the last meeting of the Oamaru Farmers' Olub some discussion took plaoe with regard to the weighing of grain. Tba Chairman said he had known of a consignment of forty bagß of grain being equal to 4$ bushels out when weighed on a railway weighbridge, having previously been carefully weighed on soales. It was decided to write to the rail* way authorities and request them to take the tare of the trucks more frequently than at present:

Dr Newman has given nolioe to ask if the Troaßurer will lay on the table the oonditions under whioh £30,000 of the Colony's trust funds have been lent upon the broken Oamaru breakwator ; aIBO, why £9300 trust funds have Jbeen lent upon Oamaru gas debentures. Mombors aro surprised to find that reoently upward of £40,000 oi the people's savings have been invested m such Beouritiea, especially aa some years ago the Public Acoountß Committee passed a strong resolution condemning all Buoh investments,

Deaf.— A. Person cured of Deafness and noisoa m the head of 28 yearß' standing by a Simpe Remedy, will »end a description of It Fbeu to any puraon who applies (0 £T{CIBOl?0N

At the R.M. Oourt this morning, before Mr R. Aloorn, J.P., a first offender for drunkenness was fined 5s with the usual alternative.

The mail steamer Zealandia, with the English mail of June 15 th, left SanFranoiaoo for Auokland on June 29th (timetable date), The Alameda, with the Colonial mails of Jnne 17th, arrived at San Francisco from Auokland July 6th (timetable date).

The "Nelson Mail" says the Midland Railway Company mean business m earnest, as shown by the f aot that they have recently placed 100,000 sovereigns on deposit with their bankers (the National Bank) at Christohuroh.

Says Professor Hadley :— " The Bpeed 0, railway trains is restricted within three theoretioal limits : — Firßf, a physioal limit of eighty miles an hour, beyond whioh it is found impossible for a train to hold the traok ; second, an operating limit of sixty miles an hour, whioh praotioal experience baa found trains cannot run without muoh danger to life ; third, a oqmmeroial limit of thirty miles an hour, at whioh, all things oonßidered, it is found moat eoonomioal to run a train.

The Shah has become more oivilised than be was on his visit to England m 1874. He now travels with one wife ; then he travelled with six. He eats with a fork ; he puts the ashes of his cigarette into an ash-tray instead of smearing them on Batin ohair b, and he has beoome open-minded as regards the moderate use of olaret and champagne mixed with mineral waters Th Imauns or priestß have propounded the convenient dootrine that wine mixed with mineral water loses its potenoy, and is not displeasing to Mahomet.

Charles Biroh, a ohemist, has been arrested at Perth, Weßtern Australia, on a oharge of manslaughter. A man named Oaporn purchased what he believed to be liquorice powder for his wife, but Biroh by mistake served him with nux vomioa. Mrs Capom, feeling unwell, took a teaspoonful of the powder, and died shortly afterwards. At the coroner's inquest the jury returned a verdiot of manslaughter against Biroh, who has since been released on bail. Biroh belongs to one of the most respeoted families m Perth, and muoh sympathy is felt for them, and also for Oaporn and hia family.

The second Ingleaido of the season, under the auspioes of tbe Ashburton Caledonian Sooiety war {held last evening. There was a large attendance, and the affair passed off most successfully. Songs were contributed by Misses Henry and Butler, and Messrs Steven -on and Jamieson, Mr and Mian Simmonds gave a violin duet, Mr Minniß a reoitation, and Mr Oalder a highland danoe. Music for the dances was provided by Misses Holloway, Jamieson, Buttler, and Palairet, and Mr Gates (piano) ; Messrs Fleming, Ward, A. MoKay, and Jamieion (violin), and Messrs A. MoKay and G. Robertson (piper*)'

A meeting of householders m the Wakanui Sohool Distrust was held m the main schoolroom on July Bth, for the purpose of eleoting a committe. The attendance was fairly good* Mr P. Stewart was voted to the ohair, and read the minutes of last meeting of the Committee wbioh were adopted by the meeting. Nominations were then prooeeded with, and the ballot taken, and the follow* ing gentlemen were eleoted: — Meesrs J. Brown, D. Leddy, O. Hill, N. Fitzgerald, G. Tait, H. Sinclair, and P. Stewart. A meeting of the newly elected Committee was held the Bame evening when Mr P. Stewart Was uuamimously ro-eleoted chairman .

Aooording to "Nature" a pi irate letter reoently received from Dr Maogregor, the Governor of British New Guinea, gives an interesting aooount ol his trip m the Hygeia through the Louisiade Archipelago and the adjacent grdups of islands. He found them, he Bays, all thiokly inhabited, the natives being m thousands, and m many' oaßea very wild— bo wild, m fact, that he thinks 16 probable they had never seen a white man before. Qa some of the islands he found hot mud springs, some of them being strong y impregnated with Bulphur, Gold was found on many of tho islands, but m no instance was it m payable quantities.

The "Taieri Advooate" thinks a system should be adopted by the Government which would give the railway Burfaoemen their houses on the waste land on the line, with the additional privilege of oultivating a oertain length oi it. It would cost the country nothing, it might offer additional attractions to be m the railway service, miles upon miles of what is now waste land would be rendered productive, and there would be the still further advantage of the men residing olos'e to their work, bo that they would be easily and quickly available m those oases oi emergency that so frequently aritie m conneotjon with railway trafjio.

The Ohristohurch City Gounoil'a Gas Wdrka Bill nas met an untimely fate. The Joint Committee on Bills have deoided that the Bill was a private Bill and nob a looal Bill. The tffeot of this decision is to prevent further progress being made with the Bill m its present form this Bosaion, as a private Bill has to be advertised for thirty days prior to the oommenoement of the seasipn. In view of the general support whioh Boroughß instructed their representa. tives to give to the BUI it is suggested that a publio Bill should be brought m repealing that portion of the Munioipal Corporations Apt which prevents corporations ereoting gas WC?!™ where suoh are already oarried on by a oompany, without oarrying a Bill for the purpose,

A case of suicide by Ppisopipg was the object of a magisterial enquiry at Obijtern. Victoria, on the 29 ih ult. It appeared thai a man who gave his name as James Daly, and who, from what oould be made out of his incoherent utterances, had oome from New Zealand, had been about the town for two or three days. He had been watohed by the police, for, although he was evidently suffering from the effects of drinking, they oould not interfere with him as he oonduoted himself properly. On the 28th he went into an hotel an| said that he had poispned him. self by taking some liniment, The medioal evidence was to the effeot that the deoeased died from narootio poisoning produced by the liniment. Nothing is known of the man, who is a Btr anger at Ohiltern,

The ooloniaing of islands m the Paoino, of Bemi'barbarous lands, and waste plaoea of the eartb by European Governments, will lead to such far-reaobing and complicated interests, and make the ocean far more than ever the real link between nations, that the possessor of the strongest navy will be the first among oommerpial powers. European armies may fight within the confines of Europe. Naviea will be the arms of war between nations generally, for the world has now the ooean for its field and nations that are larger than the terri> torial boundaries of the European continent. It is for these reasons that the United States must have a navy as powerful as the beat, not only to protect their own property but to prevent undue interference where the interests of this country demand that other people shall be left to work out their own P 6l lt{ °al R nd commercial ends,—" ijew York Maritime Kb^ B *."

Mr Juatioe Denniaton on Friday gave judgment ad Ohristohuroh m a dispute as to the validity of the will of the lave Thomas Wadawouh, formerly botelkeeper at Orari. The dooument m question put forward as his last will and testament consisted of paragraphs written by deceased right aoroHS the upper half of two pages of foolsoap, the paragraphs being m tnemselves a clear and sufficient will. The last paragraph was : "Signed, Thomas Wadsworth, the teatator, as and for his last will aud teatamont, m the preaenoe of us who m hia presence at his request and the preßonoe of eaoh other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses." The tPßtator did not write his name anywhere else that m the clause quoted. The attesting witnesses had been examined, and though they differed on the point, His Honor oonoluded that neither of them was shown the will, but that the whole of the testator's writing was folded baok out of sight, and they signed on the blank lower half. One of the witnesses said it was bo, and his Honor, from several oiroumstanoeß, concluded this witness' memory wes most reliable. It thus huppened that noil her witness Baw the testator's signature (his name m the olause quoted would have been a suffioient signature if he had pointed it out to them), and on the ground that the witnesses djd not gee that whioh they attested they saw, Hib Honor adjudged the will bad, aa not properly eseouted. It wub deoeaßed'a Bon ; Alfred J. Wadsworth, who opposad the will.

Wells' Hair Balsam.— lf gray, restore to original color. An elegant dressing, softens and beautifies. No oil nor grease. A Xonic restorative. Stops hiir coming out trengthcus, c\ aoges hc»l* flpalp, 9

Misa Mabel Sylvester, the wonder* ul skater, makes her first appear&noe at t UB Rink to-night.

The Viotorian farmers are just now pursuing the Government with a grievanoe whioh will appear to many people wholly imaginary. They object to millers being allowed to gmt m bond for export grain whioh they obtain from outside the ooloay. The practice rules ohiefly as regards New Zealand oats, whioh are imported here duty free under bond to be gristed for export. . The millers certainly oould not grist Victorian oats for export, as the price ia (kept up by an import duty ; and besides Viotoria does not as yet produoe enough oata for her own supply. The orop is for some reason not popular with growers. Still, although oommon sense and logio are on the side of the millers m this question, it is not improbable, looking at the state of parties m the House, that the farmers will win. What the Government oan do to appease this dreaded section of the population it is safe to predict will be done. Viotorian farmers seem to know and use their power.

The failure of Mr T. Morrin, of Auckland, afford b yet another evidenoe of the oruelty of the system of private purohaae of native lands. Mr Morrin, by dint of considerable business oapaoity, bad made a position for himself m Auokland, whioh would probably have enabled him to live m comfort for tho reat of his days. Bat, lured like many otherß, by the ohanoea of speculation m native lands, he beoame one of the proprietors of large estates m various parts of the North Island, m the expectation that those estates would be opened up and their values inoteaaed through the oonstruotion of roads and railways at the publio expanse. But the great publio works soheme was prematurely arrested, and did not embraoo these estates m the favors it conferred. Had the Governments of the colony consistently pursued the polioy of reserving to the Crown the > right to purohase native lands, neither individuals nor financial institutions would have bo burnt their fingers, and colonisation would have progressed,

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2169, 10 July 1889

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