THE KIMBERLEY GOLDFIELDS
Mr William Gaaoolgne, formerly of Taapeke, now In Western Australia, gives iha following aooouut of hii experience there, whloh will prove Interesting to any* one thinking of trying hU fortune! In that oolony : — " Ponfc's Rash, Gllbana District, "15ch May, 1889. " Yon will have heard of the goldfields of Western Aus;ralia; I saw a letter from the proapeotor to his brother m ViotorU, ao after thinking abont it for a week or two, I made op my mind to look at the place After » pasaßga of 97 daya we arrived on a new field-— anly five days old. All the ground was marked out, and Pilbnrra was deserted for the new find. I found all my past exparienoa of gold workings was of no use In this place, Gold was m the most unlikely pleoes and vtry p«tohy, and waa all got by dry blowing. It only runs 4 t wide m the gullies, and only a few chains m length. From about id to 12 per oeut yielded 24 to 30 oa per olalm, others 5 z to t2ua and a great number of men got ouly a few pennyweights. About four weeka is sufficient to 'blow* a olalm out. The depth is from a few inobea to 4ft. The biggest n amber of men on the field »t any one time was aboat 850. Tae place Is vow worked oat, and nothing but fossicking doing at present. \ have bean here about three months. For the first three months the weather was ao hot aa m any pact of the world . The temperature m the shade waa 110, up to 120 sometimes. It was something to remember— a dry heat, There was little or no slounees of any aooount. We had to buy all oar water at 8d per gallon, and a man consumed three to four gallons per day. \ ia now down to 4d per gallon. So, wl^h too heal aud want of water, we had a lively < jme of it. I was very unwell for soma time aftm- I got to the field At Pilburr* there were about 40 men on at work. The place is not Id months old. There has been some good quartz found there, In Is aboat 17 miles from this plaoe, futther inland. It is ' worked In the sime way as this field — namely, by dry blowing. The elza of olaima are 30ft by sQft for eaoh man j miners' rights, 20s. Inol ; my experience ' since 1852, 1 never saw sooh a.n orderly lot of men. No iamnlng of olaima, no robb}ng, no warden's oases have come under my notloe. The rnle Is to leave your piok, etc. m yoor olaim all the time yon are working it. As soon as. yon remove them it is considered you have given the olaim up. It 1s then open fer anyone to go into It. There is another strange custom here. Yon know alt the gold that is being got m the field. As the gold has to be picked out of the dish with ihe fingers, you place it either on a fiat stone or m a tin ; bo no quo refuses to let you lift the tin a.nd look at it. There is no fi,ne gold, aa m New Zea'and. It is all coarse, - Living is very expensive aa we livo on imported tin staff, I would not advise anyone from New Zealand to pome to this part of Australia without first staying a time m Victoria, New South Wales, or South Australia. There are other goldfields. The Aakriver (?) is the last one discovered. It is VJO rqilea from this, on the road to JOmberley. There have been from four to five t<?a.ms left this place for there. There are many reports concerning that field. It is said to be very extensive, tnd that a man oan make from 4dwt to 15dwt per day, but this hftf npt been confirmed as yet. It Is said that M'Phee and party have made 1 9003 per man since December. If these reports are true, they will soon bo confi raed by tbe men who left this plaoe, as there has been a large number. If: you think it would do the New Zealand miners any good, you oan make what use you please of this note."
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