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KEY DE MACGREGOR ON NEW ZEALAND

As a matter of course Rev Dr Maogregor wbb not permitted to leave New Zealand without being oaptured by the inevitable interviewer. To a reporter of the " Otago Daily Times " he freely expressed his opinion of the country. The artlole Is too long for reproduction, and we cannot do bettor than give the summary whioh appears In the :t Press." Dr Maogregor says :— " I am Rre&tly charmed with all I havd seen of New Zealand. I fully Burpaßßeß all my anticipations. I call It a nnble country, and with truth do Soott'n wor-if) apply to It ; —

' Land of brown health and shaggy wood, Land of the mountain and the flood.'." Going Into details the rev doctor apoke In glowin, terms of ihe rich pastoral cjuntry m tho Taranaki district, and of the town of Auckland, vrhich be styles " one of the fineat cities m the world - the Stookholm of the Sou h Hemisphere." [t la an amphlbiou3olty, more like Stockholm that any oity he hud ev^.r ccca — and Rtookholm, be it remembered, said he, is one of the proudest capitals m Europe. Out distinguished visitor was maoh atraok by the scene of desolation presented by the alte of the late Tarawera eruption. He 1b almost reoo^o!!*} to the loos of he famous Pink aud White Terraces. He doolartd that — "Evan In their time of beauty those terraoea never oould awaken suoh emotions as the sight of the region round Tarawera would awaken now. He did not know what scene would be presented after the recent eruption In Sumatra, but he had the conviction that there would be no auoh Boene of utter desolation as that which the region of Tarawera presents today, Nowhere on earth ooald there be suoh a seen a to ahow the foros of nature aa that speotaole of desolation. The only thing It oould be compared with was a vaßt glade', covering miles of country, and burylug many feet, In some plaoas hundreds of feet, below It every green tblcg. In his oplo ft iit was worth while coming all the w»y from Scotland to see Tarawera alone," Dr Maogregor made only a short stay In Ohrlstoburch, and went overland to Dunedin, of which town he Is moat lavish lo hlc prtlae. <( It would be dlffioalt to say," he remarks, "whether Daoedin or Auckland Is the more oturmlngly situated. I should be Inclined to say that they not oomparable, but they are both best." From Wellington Dr Maogregor came on to Lyttelton by one of the splendid steamer* of the Unloi Steamship' Company's flaet, and he thought the Company really deserved the high n*me It p,ot from New Zealand of being p.obably the beat steamship service m the- world. The noble plain nu whioh Ohrlstchuroh Hen greatly delighted him, but unfortunately the mist was hanging over and hid the fine mountain range m the distance. Daring the day spent at CarUtohuroh he was driven out to Rlooarton, and paid a visit to Mrs Daane, the widow— the h»le and hearty widow— of the first settler <fl the Canterbury Plains, and m the tiny little aibsh&nty, now going to ruin, he s*w the firet iabAblr.ed house In that pirt of New Z aland, Flowing olose past the doors of chia pleasant country home was this river Avon— *«a name," the dootor went on, '•which the world no doubt believes comes from the great Avon of England—Bbakespear j b rive:— but wh^ In reality Is nimed after, not an English, but a muoh 1 humbler Soottiah name; the Avon of Lanarkshire," It was not till the dootbc reaobed Ashburton that the mist lifted and allowed htm to see the glorious snow-clad mountain ohtln, the first glanoeat which seemed as striking as the first look at the Bbrneae Oborland or the Ri cky mountains of Amerloa. He had no Ide*, rauob though he had read about New Zaaland, tb»t so olose to the seashore there was fluoh a magnificent range of mountain?. « Dr M togregor's f rhnds will be Interested to learn what hi thinks of our adopted ciuntry as a whole, and What suggestions he has to cflar iv regard to our future oonduot. In impressive language the dootor said : — " I leave your shores with the steadfast conviction that God has given you a magnificent oonntry to be kept true to Him. Yoa have as fine a climate as oan be fonad on the face of the wide world — a olimate admirably suited for the perpetuation of all that Is best In the Anglo-Saxon a took." He had only a word to say about our eduo»tlon system, and that wai that he waa well plensad with It, and he believed It was a belter Hyatem than they had In England. Before the reporter lofr, the dootor assured him that he would never forget the kindness which bad b.^en ao heartily extended to him at every plain at wbioh he had touohed In New Zealand, and he would oarry to Scotland— « dear old Sootland " — rejolleotiona of so pleasant a mture that would for all time remafa indelibly fixed on his mind, la regard to advloe, the dootor mainly oonfi.ied himself to two toploa. First, be expressed hlraself m the most emphatlo terms In regard to the destruction of oar trees whioh ts going I on. Future generations, he deolared, would _ bitterly deplore the disforesting whioh is now 'ak'n^ pUpa. He especially referred to the rapid destruction of kauri io the North Island, and stated that he waa informed if the present rate of disforesting weat on there would hardly be a kauri left lnjjthlrty years. New Zd&land bad a monopoly of this mapnifioeot Umber, and it seemed (o him that " no language was too forolble to describe auoh reckless and scandalous extravaganoe." The Government, he thought, should be asked to '( proteot to the utmost of their power these great forest giants." The other suggestion whioh the reverend dootor bad to make waa In referenoe to the retention of Maori names of plaoaa. He wai evidently much pained and not a little alarmed at having to deal with suoh names n& '•Ngatlt.enukukopako," whioh he especially quoted and stigmatised as "atrpqioHs.M He thinks that It is a wise thing to petaln the Maori names whenever they are " musical and tolerably pronounceable to an Anglo-Saxon tongue," but It appeared to him '» the height of fo'ly " to iofllot upon the ears of the present generation, and Btlll worse on those who are ooming after, suoh qamoa as the one whioh he quoted with suoh a rueful air of abhorrenbe. He pointed oat that we have a p eoedent ready to our hands. Ho very appositely observed — " Wnen ouc Anglo-Saxon forefaiha-s left, the old Zealand of tho north for the BrltUh bhores they wisely retained tin British names for the greater features of nature, suoh as mountain tops and rivers, bad they gave their Saxon names by far the predominance. And why should ft Anglo-Saxons who have come to found a mighty nation In this New ZfaaUnd of tho aou h not do th.c s,ame, and substitute their good Saxon words for Maori words wherever thews are unusable?" Of coarse the whole question Is what Is or Is not usable. To residents In the North Island aooustotned to Maori names Ngaruawabia, Te Ngulu-o-te-Manu, and Poro-c-Torao fb*v smoothly from the tongue, and are aa musical aa the softest. Turpm. It may be, h.oweyer, th»t Dr Maogregor would fl a m terror from tholr mere ooatemplatlon What a pity we oonld not retain him hero until hid education m Maori nomenclature had beun completed.

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KEV DE MACGREGOR ON NEW ZEALAND Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2168, 9 July 1889

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