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ELECTRICAL TYPE-SETTING.

People that travel oan tell many tales. Thus It Ib that Mr Samuel Storey, M.P., od his retnra from bis trip to the States, Is able to give an Interesting account of eleotrlo type-setting la the "Newosstle Chronicle " :— "Good fortune (tayi he) threw me across Mr Hart Lyman, one of the prlnolpalafcf the literary staff of the " Tribune " the great Republican organ of Demooratlo New York, sjid I availed myself of his courteous offer to examine the Inner workings of thit mighty organ. Of muob, the machines, the telegraphlo and telephone and literary arrangements, etc, I need not speak. We aw equal these at home. But Imagine my surprise when, on entering the oompo*ing»room, I found —no type. None, except a vary limited quantity of large, odd sizes. How then is the paper set? By maoblnes, eleotrloal machines. There they stood la a row thirty grim, silent demons. At $he turning of a little handle they are Instantaneously full of life. Eaoh has a k«y* board like a piano, and. in front of the operator, a series (105; in number) of oblong tubei, Ilka the attenuated reeds o( a miniature organ. These hollew tubss are about two feet in length, . as . broad Internally as type Is high, and with a frontage aa large ai the type is tblok. Bioh la fitted with brass squares, with a seollon out out. Esoh letter has Its own aeries of nloks on the Inner edge; and there Is a square edged ipaoe at the side where is the matrix or reverse of the letter. The operator, sitting with the oopy before him, touohes the keys, and eaoh letter falls In doe order till the line is complete, Two steol fingeri soln thlf , push it along, space It, and jostify It, Again two fingers seise it and push it In front of a llttlo cistern full of molten lead* As it reaches Its plaoe the maohlne pushes out from the cistern a layer of lead line long and type thick. The faces of the ooollng lead and the br»ss edge oome Into oontaot, the matrix letters are Impressed as positives on the lead, and there remains a solid line of type. This goes In due oourse to the galleys and columns, and pages are made up and stereotyped in the ordinary way. Meanwhile the maohlne whisks the brasses up to a series of little waggons, running on an endless wire above the tnbeo, and as eaoh brass reaches its own nlok It drops into the tube, and la ready again for use It has only been out of lta nest one-third of a mlnuty at the utmost. As a oonsequenoe few brasses are needed. The letter oftenest used, e, has only sixteen. 'And what will a maohlne per* feot V said I, • One maohlne with one man will set 5000 ems In an hoar, 1 said Mr Lyman, 'and do its own distributing,' And there Is no waste of type, no wear and tear. It la equal to six men. 1 'Do other papers use It?' 'None in New York j a few In the country, where they don't compete with us, and are owned by our own friends.' ' And England ? ' None In England cp yd, 1 ' Bad news for compositors, eh?' 'Not a hit of It. my friends. I saw a oopy of the '< Tribune" the other day of twenty.four foil psges. The Introduction of electrical setting will only end it) making' existing papers bigger and fuller of Interest to the public, whilst It will nuke new papers possible In scores of places where now they can't be made to pay.

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http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AG18890601.2.18

Bibliographic details

ELECTRICAL TYPE-SETTING., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2140, 1 June 1889

Word Count
609

ELECTRICAL TYPE-SETTING. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2140, 1 June 1889

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