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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1889. NEW ZEALAND'S PAST AND NEW ZEALAND'S FUTURE.

As great preparations are now m progress for the Exhibition and other events which are designed to mark the occasion of the jubilee of the colony, the time is a fitting one to take a retrospectire glance at New Zealand's paßt and a prospective glance at New Zealand's future. We therefore make no apology for transferring to our columns the following very interesting extract from an interesting historical and antioipatory article which has been contributed to our Wellington contemporary, the " Evening Post" by Mr Thomas McKenzie. "It is now some 53 years since the colonizaof New Zealand was contemplated, and the greater number of those brave men who initiated the enterprise have joined the majority ; yet, the occasion is one for congratulation to thousands. By the indomitable pluck of those men the heroio work of colonising these islands was begun and carried out m the face of extraordinary difficulties. When the preliminary expedition started from England, the settlers took their lives m their hands, as they were comparatively unacquainted with the country they were going to, and they did not know whether they would have to conquer the land before they were allowed to ocoupy it. The oharacter given the New Zealanders m England was, that they were all cannibals. A plentiful supply of arms and ammuni- j tion was pent with the first colonists ; ! but, to their credit be it said, not an ' inch of land was unjustly taken from the Maories, nor were the arms ever used, save m self-defence, In that expedition were included some of England's noblest blood, for Francis Alexander Molesworth, Henry Petro, Dudley Sinclair and others formed a part of it. What a busy time it was, when preparing for the voyage to the antipodes. There were no ocean steamers m those days — indeed, Dr Lardner, a scientific man of acknowledged ability, proved, to his own satisfaction, that it was impossible to build a steam vessel that could carry sufficient coals to enable her to oross the Atlantic. But we have lived to see the non-fulfilment of this prediotion, for, not only do steamers perform the voyage between England and America, but they now encircle the globe. The settlers having provided their several outfits, the embarkation was a most exciting scene. Men and women m the prime of life, with their children ; young married couples, part ing with their parents ; and, dearer ones still, taking a last fond adieu of those they loved. It was the uncertainty that existed m the minds of all concerned that possibly they would never meet again, that gaye an interest to the scene —a scene that will over be remembered by those who witnessed it. The sanotion of the British Government wag asked, before the expedition sailed, but was denied. And what were the pioneers to do? They had parted with all they possessed m England { to retrace their steps would be utter ruin, and, to many, impossible. The only course open was to proceed with the undertaking. A mutual agreement was entered into tor iliS purpose of enforcing law and order m the new land they were going to ; and a fixed determination was arrived at, that the expedition should proceed at all hazards. Efforts were made to arrest the principals of the expedition, and detectives were Bent by the Government to take them into custody. But Dr Evans was equal to the occasion, and, by Levelling post haste to Deal, he got off to his vesg?l (the Adelaide), m a gale of wind, and thus frustrated the intentions of the British Government. The several vessel* then proceeded on their voyage to a land they know not of, and, after various experiences, wore all fortunate enovgh to reach their dosirod haven. The firsjt to reach Port Nicholson was the Aurora, which arrived here on the 22nd January, 1840. Since that period, what great events have transpired ; what hardships have been endured; what patience exercised I Now New Zealand is the home of upwards of half-a-million of people, whose heroism and self-reliance have enabled them to overcome all obsfcaolos placed m their path. If this country had not been colonized by the British, many of those now m the colony might have been struggling for an existence m England, competing with the Home artiaan. As it is, the English labor market hag been relieved ; a new opening for the sale of British manufactures created ; and a profitable field for the employment of /capita} tnado. The British capitalists have been pnatyed to invest m this colony upwards of £40,00,0,0.90 of money, at a higher rato of interest than they could* get m England, and the interest on which has always been punctually paid. If this markot did not exist, probably they would havo had to invest their money m Russian, Turkish, or other questionable securities, where their interest would remain unpaid and their bonds unsaleable. Thp . -*nir Uas much to thank J!?ew £camv bt> - **„. unfofcTO j n which the land for, and > -!jj mali g fled colony has been traduced u^ * *imL by British financial papers, is most v*« creditable to all concerned. By the I •otfoft tftken, bj the pioneer nttl«», »

England is now m possoßsion of a' colony unsurpassed m soil and climate, and which vrnnld otherwise have been occupied by the French. Such has been tho result, and surely it is a matter of rejoicing ; for had this fine country passed into tho hands of tho French, and become a penal settlement, the loss to England can hardly be estimated. If tho French had possessed New Zealand, it would havo been a standing menace to Australia, and given France a power m these seas, which, happily she does not now possess. With a climate and soil equal to those of any country m the world ; its vast m-'neral resources, as yet comparatively undeveloped ; its thermal springs, giving healing and health to thousands ; its unsurpassed scenery, both with regard to grandeur and beauty ; its waters teeming with fish of almost every variety ; its oil springs ; its forests of timber, for shipbuilding and other purposes ; its magnificent harbours for shipping, which can be used both for shelter and mercantile purposes ; its fertile plains and never failing streams of water ; its sheep and cattle on a thousand hills ; ana last, though not least, a free and self-reliant body of settlers, who can predict what New Zeawill be m fifty years henoo, when the settlers will have to celebrate the Centenary of the Colony ? "

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Bibliographic details

The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1889. NEW ZEALAND'S PAST AND NEW ZEALAND'S FUTURE., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2138, 18 May 1889

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1,103

The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1889. NEW ZEALAND'S PAST AND NEW ZEALAND'S FUTURE. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2138, 18 May 1889

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