The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit. FBIDAY, MAY 17, 1889. THE OTHER SIDE OF THE QUESTION.
of repeal. It must, therefore, be inferrod i that all these cities and counties are convinced that tho oporation of the Act is beneficial, and m view of such a mass of testimony aB we have above cited it is difficult to come to any other conclusion than that Professor Goldwin brnith has arrived at a hasty judgment and ono that will not bear tho tost of examination and enquiry.
In a local paragraph m a recent issue we alluded to an prticlo which has appeared m "Macmillan's Magazine" irom the pen of Professor Goldwin Smith condemning prohibitionism—that is to say the prohibitory liquor law m operation m Canada and m certain ot the States of the American Union—on the ground that its working only gives rise to smuggling, perjury, secret drink* ing and deterioration of the liquor. In bo doing we remarked that this was " totally opposed to the accounts of the working of prohibition given by other authorities," and now, m order that our readers may have both sides of the question before them, we will prove our assertion by oiting various authorities whose testimony is directly adverse to that of the learned Professor and sociologist above referred to. Another noted man—Arobdeacon Farrar—has also recently visited the United States that " he had been convinced more and more that the Maine liquor law was not, as some represented,a bad law." He declares that " the diminution of drunkenness m Maine has resulted m the diminution of almost every form of crime," and adds, " that m a county m Kentucky which has adopted this law there is not a single prisoner, nor a single pauper," and that the like results have been experienced also m ; Kansas and Illinois, He asserts that " it has not only worked satisfactorily m the opinion of its supporters, but that many of its opponents would not now allow it to be repealed." He admits that m Maine it is still possible to obtain liquor by covert means, as for instance by '' going through subterranean cellars and corridors," but contends that the operation of the law has made drunkenness difficult, and that m proportion to that difficulty so drunkennes has been dlittlnlebcd. Th« Hon H. W. Williama, one of the Supreme Court Judges of the State of Pennsylvania, referring to the county of Pottor, where prohibition law prevails, adds his testimony m the following words t—r-(tFoT twenty years there has not been a licensed hotel or restaurant within the confines of the city. There are enough ot both at all suitable places for the accommodation of the public, but m none of them is thsre a public bar. The sale is conducted, therefore, at great disadvantage, clandestinely, and is very limited m amount. As to results. I can say that, while the county has been steadily growing m population and business, pauperism and crime have steadily decreased. For the past five years the country gaol has been fully one half the time without any other inmate than the keeper and bis family. Twice within the paßt ten years I have, at the regular terms of Court, discharged the jury on tbo second day of the torra, without their being called to consider a single case of any descripr tion. The effect of this system is felt m nisnv ways: taxes are reduced, the business of the Criminal Courts is greatly diminished, industry and sobriety take tho place of idleness and dissipation, and intelligence and morality are advanced," Yet again the Hon Neal Dow writing from Portland, Maine, to the Key W. Seth-Smith of Oamaru, m reply to a letter of inquiry from that gentleman, declares that the result of the working of prohibition m that State have been an 4 are as follows:--(l) That whereas there were formerly many boweries and distilleries m Maine, now not one remains; (2) That whereas formerly large quantifies of West Indian rum were imported, now none is lm ported ; (3^ That m more than three quarters of tho territory of tho State, containing more than three quarters of the total population, tho liquor traffic is practically unknown ; (4) That although the traffic lingers on a Btnall scale, and more or less on the sly, m tho larger towns and citieß, at the most not more than onetwentietji as much liquor is sold m Maine now as was sold boforo tho prohibitory law came into operation ; and (5) that whereas proportionately tho share of Maine of the national drink bill, if her consumption were equal to that of other States would amount to thirteen million dollars, half a million dollars will more than pay the cost of all tho liquor smuggled into tho State and sold m violation of tbo law ; and thajt directly and indirectly the Btato saves annually pot less than 24 million dollars by the effects of the prohibitory liquor law. As proof positive that the law ban wo rked to the public satisfaction Mr Dow points to tho fact that m 1884, after 33 years' experience of prohibition, tho people of Maine "put it into tho constitution by a voto of thrco to one, a mnjority of 47,075." Indeed ho declares that "the word failure of tho law is never hoard there, but comes from other countrks .and from the antipodes," and concludes by string that tho reason why th« traffic yet lingers m sorriO of tho cities of tho State jt» simply becauso of certain im perfections of tho Jaw which will 1)0 corrected by and by. From Canada also—wJiero botween 1878 and i 1886, sixty-thr«fl cities and countries ' adopted the Scott Apt, not one of them , has since repealed it, although many i ( TQtfpgi bare t»ke& place on tht <jU9*tion |:
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