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When James Gordon Bennett summoned Henry M. Stanley to his bedside, and/* over his matutinal cap of coffee, laconically bade him "go and find Livingstone," he knew the calibre of the man whom he had chosen for that difficult task, and all the world ,now knows how well it was accomplished. Not only as the gallant rescuer of the missionary explorer will his name go down to distant posterity, but as one of the most intrepid of the pioneers of civilisation, one of the most resourceful, and successful of the many daring men who from time to time have expended their energies, and risked their lives, m the cause of humanity and civilisation for the opening up of the terra incognita of the Dark Continent. Hpeke, and Grant, and Livingstone, and Baker had already accomplished much m this direction, but btanley has accomplished as much, if not more. Not only has he mapped out the course of that great river the Congo, with its affluents and tributaries, but he has laid the foundations of what will probably yet develop into an important field of enterprise— • * the Congo Free State. Yet not content with all this, he has for the third time taken a great expedition into Central Africa, his object on this last occasion being the relief of that other noble man — whose life mission it is to seek to pat an end to the horrors of the .African slave trade— Emm Fasha. And although at first confidence m his wonderful abilities, hpgotten of his previous successes, induced the world to believe that he would certainly sucoeed m this task also, yet as month after month passed away, until more than a year had gone by since tidings had been received) without a word being heard from him and nothing reliable of him, at last the general disappointment settled down into a fixed belief that m this, his third, mission he had failed, and had perished. Then came news of him from various sources, but of so widely differing a character as to be manifestly untrustworthy, and then, to the relief of all, news from Stanley himself, m his own handwriting. The letter referred to, addressed to the Chairman of the Emm Pasha Relief Committee, reached London about the end of March last, and is dated from Bungangeta Island, Aruwhimi River, August 28, 1888. Therein btanley tells the story of the expedition from the 28 th June, 1887, down to the date of writing— at period of fourteen months —and an exceedingly interesting story it is. Leaving Major Bartelott, with other officers, and a small armed force, at an entrenched palisade camp which had been established at a place named Yambuya on the river Aruwbimi, m charge of the goods of the expedition, until Tippoo Tib's carriers should arrive, Stanley, on the date named, marched, with 889 officers and men, along the river bank to the district of Yankonde. The natives fired their villages, and, tinder cover of the smoke, attacked the expedition ; which, however, escaped without loss ; and for thirty-five days their numbers were only reduced by three—* two deserters, and one death from dysentery. Then they entered a wilderness, the march through which occupied nine days, and here several deaths occurred. At a place called Airsibba, on August 12th, five men were lost through poisoned arrows, and on the 31st of the saoie month Stanley's misfortunes began with the desertion of twenty-six of his men, On October 18th they entered a settlement called Kilongalongas, where the slaves of a chief named Abed-Bin-Salim did their utmost, short of actual hostilities, to ruin the expedition, stripping them of rifles, ammunition, and clothing. After leaving this place they moved through country described as " a horrible wilderness," and from AugUßt 31st to November 12th suffered terribly from hunger, the men being reduced to mere skeletons, and, the deaths having been so numerous, that the strength of the expedition bid fallen from 289 to 174. At Ibwiri they fell m with plenty of provisions, and on Nov. 24th a start was made for Albert Nyanza, then one hundred and twenty-six miles distant. It was not until Ist Dec. that open country was sighted, no less than one hundred and sixty days having been spent m traversing a deadly, gloomy forest, and on emerging upon the plains (writes Stanley) " We thought we never saw grass so green and a country so lovely. The men literally leaped, yelled with joy, and raced with their hardens.' 1 On the 9th Dec. they came into the country of a powerful chief named Mozamboni, who declared war against the expedition, and with whose followers there was sharp fighting. On the 13th the Albert Nyanza was reached, Sat, as there w*B no sign of steamers expected from Emm Pasha, the expedition had to return to Ibwiri, Here Stanley was ill for a month with gastritis, and an abscess m hiß arm, and after forty-seven days again set out for Albert Nyanza. The Chief Mozamboni was on this occasion friendly, and other chiefs following hii example, Stanley reached his destination unopposed, and after various adventures met Emm Pasha on thu 29th April, 1888, and remained with him till il^ay 29th. On this date he left Emm and returned to jjoin his (Stanley's) rear column, which' he found to be a perfect wreck, having been reduced from two hundred and fifty-seven men to seventyone, of whom only fifty-three were fjt for service, and; these mostly scarecrows, his intention being to return with the united expedition m two months, njeefc;' ing Emm Pasha again at Albert Nyanza. Emm up to the time Stanley saw hin> last was very unwilling to leave his, post. This ig a very brief sketch of the outlines, of a most remarkable and \ ■•.--* told m the letter interesting story «.„ .. «. under notice, and our remaining space will only permit ot our adding a few linos referring to the characteristics of the country thus explored for the first * time. As we have seen, great part of it is dense forest, which it appears covers all the country from the west of the Congo at the mouth of ihe Aruwhimi to about east long, 25 deg., lat. 40deg., the superficial extent of this forestcovered tract being no less than 246,000 square miles, while north of the Congo the forest area embraces 20,000 square miles more. The grass land is of comparatively limited extent, having been traversed by Stanley and his followers m eight days. South of the track of the expedition the face of the country is much broken up by groups of cones, or isolated mountains, or ridges, one of the; mountains, called Ruevenzori, being covered with, snow, and towering up {jq

an estimated height of 17 ,000 or 18,000 feet above the level of the sea. The< great river Aruwhimi extends for hundreds of miles,, three hundred miles from its junction wi»h the Conpo being known to the natives as the Niri, and thence to its source as the Itnri. The land generally trends gently from the crest of the plateau above Albert Nyanza down to the Congo River from an altitude of 5500 to 1400 feet above the level of the sea, and between Yambuya and Albert ISyanza the expedition met with at least five distinct languages, spoken by people or tribes known as the Wanyero, Wanyankere, Wanya, Ruander, Wahha, and the people of Karangwi and Ukerwe.

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Bibliographic details

NEWS FROM STANLEY., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2132, 11 May 1889, Incorrect date

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NEWS FROM STANLEY. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2132, 11 May 1889, Incorrect date

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