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MELBOURNE NOTES

(From our own Correspondent.)

The Superintendent of the Government Travelling Dairy has sent In a report wbioh all persons interested m dairy produce would do well to lay to heart. If productiveness means wealth, we should take care that what we produoe will command a good market, Butter and cheese are convertible terms for money, provided that butter and cheese are sale - able. And m a pastoral country like Victoria, a large sum of money oi^ht to be made by the production of those artioles. We ought to produce not only sufficient for our own requirements, but we should have a tolerably large surplus to send abroad, Now, what ate the faots of the case? Instances are cited, and those no' a few, m which the sanitary arrangements of dairies inspected are stigmatised as "discrapeful." In one case, a dairymaid, suffering from a severe attaok of ringworm, was found making butter. In another instance, milch cows were Buffered to drink water taiuted with the drainage from a hospital. This is not pleasant reading. The knowledge of snob, facts does not enhance the price of oheese and butter, either m Victoria or elsewhere, Clearly, if such carle Bsnees continues, the butter and cheeie factories will have to be placed under Government Inspection, If only for protection to the publlo health. We have many competitors m the field, and those amongst them who produoe the best article will most assuredly oarry off the palm. There was a time when Ireland was noted for its batter. This time no longer exlits. That U to say, Ireland has oeased to hold her own In the market. Danish batter j competes suooeasfally with Irish batter In the town of Belfast itself. The Danish dairyman ottn plaoe a purer and a oheaper butter than the Irish In the very heart of the |rleh butter Industry, So It will be with Victoria If we do not take oare, True we may, prompted by oar protective inittnots, that oat the foreign artiole and consume the Inferior home productions oarielves ; but we shall find it difficult to Induce foreigners to join the feast If many more of the faots sot forth by Mr Crawford gain currency. Dairy faraeis should look to thla In time, or a profitable Industry ■•■■''(■■•• at • . c will be spoiled/

It seems that before anything can be done, more than bis been done already, for the abatement of the rabbit nnlsanoe an alteration will have to be made (n the existing law. Certain powere are already retted In the ihire oonnolU, enabling them to deal with this mattor, and that U as It ahonjd be. Local self-government cannot be carried too far, provided the looal bodies will perform the duties which devolve upon them. Mr Shlel's question In the Legislative. Assembly, alluded to In last week's letter, has bnoa more drawn attention to tho faot that the shire oounolla decline to enforce the law whloh empowers them to cnmp«l landowners In their respective districts to clear their land- Of conroe, bo long as they are allowed ample cover, rabbits may be e*psoted to multiply. This apparent snplneness probably arisen from the otrcumstanoe that the oonnoiis do not onre to exerolie pressure upon the looal landowners. Be thlaj as it may, It Is plain that something will have to be done, and Ib Is more than probable that the councils will be relieved from all reponelblllty, and that the dnty of enforcing the law will be vested m the central government. The principle is unsound, and

contrary to modern legislation. The tendency should be to deoantralUe aa much as poulble, whereas the proposed otatp li m 1 cootrirj dtrtQtloo,

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MELBOURNE NOTES Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2125, 3 May 1889

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