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Dr Karl tod den Stelnen, the explorer of Brazil, m » recent lecture before the German Scientific Association on the state of culture of the people of the Stone Age m BrizU it the present day, described the Indian tribes of the Zlnga, a Brazilian tributary of the Amiira, These people, he said, still belong to the Ptone Age j they know nothing of metals, and use only stone, tetth, bohes, and shells for their weapons, Implements, and ornaments, wbJob they know how to carve with great artistic skill. They are now as they were m the time of Columbus, and hare not changed m any degree slnoe they were discovered. They are, however, by no means savages. Their customs are decent, they are monogamists, although there are no marriage oeremonles, and have the most affectionate relations with their children. Their mode of life Is simple, but not barbarous, and there is not the least Immodesty In their laok of clothing. The different tribes U?e In vlllegcs oontalnlg at the most 250 persons, near to the rivers, and usually some days' journey from eaoh other. There is little communication between them. They arc acquainted with the notion of private property, bqt it plays no great part among them, as the differences between the capsolty for produotlon of individuals Is of the smallest Thefts are sometimes committed from other tribes, bat not m the same village. A. great hlndranoa to developement is the absenoe of all domestio animals, even dogi. These people hunt and fish, and la a oertain degree, carry on agriculture, but this latter is moat primitive. They reg»rd themselves as m olose consanguinity with animals ; the Bukarl trace their descent I to the j »gu«r, »pd the Trumal people, whom they hate, and who are expert swimmore, are believed to be ft speoles of alligator, and to Bleep at night at the bottom of the stream. The sun is to them a ball of the feathers pf the red ara enclosed m a pot, the oover of whloh is raised m the morning and olosed la the evening, and the other oelestUl pheno* mena are all connected m a similar way with the animal world. The sorcerer among them Is a physician rather than a priest ;he has no Divine position, and Indeed (boy have no notion of a Supreme being. Soul and body are regarded as separate, for during steep the latter is at rest while the former wanders about at will, Henoe a deeper mast not be awakened suddenly lest the soul should not have time to return. The l&ngoege is not poor m expression!, and ia soaroely narrower cays Dr von den Steinen, than the speech if a Garimn peasant m a remote plaoe, but strco ure or (system does not exist.— I " Ladles Treasury,"

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Bibliographic details

A STRANGE PEOPLE IN BRAZIL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2104, 12 April 1889

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A STRANGE PEOPLE IN BRAZIL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2104, 12 April 1889