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LOCAL AND GENERAL

The prize infant at a baby show just held m Dunadin was one, 10 months old, whioh turned the scale at 271 b.

The members of the House of Lords own more than one-third of the land of Great Britain.

Important beds of ooal, 4ft to sft thick, and of excellent quality, have recently beon discovered m the Crimea*

Oalvin'a old ohurch at Geneva, St. Peter's, is to be repaired and partly rebuilt at a cost of £20,000.

The Kansas Legislature proposes making the minimum age for admission to public schools of that State six instead of five years, as at present.

A Bill before the Nevada Legislature makes it a misdemeanour for any woman to wear at any theatre a hat of greater height than three inches.'

A oable message has been received by Mr H. Allan Soott, from London, giving instructions for the immediate completion of the surveys at the Springfield end of the Midland Railway m order that oontraots for the work at that end of the line may be let at onoe.

M. Ouspensky, a Russian engineer sent to central Asia on a specific scientific mission reports that the oil *el 6 at Penjakend, near Samareand, m the Zeraf3han Valley, contain at least 3,000,000,0001 bof perfectly pure oil.

In support of our remarks as to the value of lime as manure, we are m reoeipt of the following from a resident at Waihola Gorge : — " Many farmers m this district arc putting on lime jußt now, and the universal testimony is that it seema a profitable investment."

Tbe "Tuapeka Times" says:— "lt j fl thought that Sir Frederick Whitaker will retire from the Ministry before Parliament meets, and that tbe Colonial Seoretary (Mr Hislop) will suaoeed him as Attorney General, being translated to tbe Legislative Counoil to lead that body."

A aeries of earthquake shooks have ooourred m Colorado, detaching rooks, shaking buildings, terrorising men and cattle, and causing great gushes of water and oulphurous gases from the hot springs. The shook waa preoeded by thunder, but unaooompanied by tain. '

The recent earthquake m Costa Rica caused damage placed at over 6.000,000d015, and some loss of life. In San Jose, the capitol, and the oatbedral, costing 1.000.000d018, were destroyed. The Poas volcano, twentyeight miles north-west of San Jose inaotive for many years, has broken forth;

The Rev O. 0. Brown, of Timaru, is to deliver two lectures m the Orange Hall on Tueßday (to-morrow) and Wednesday evenings next. The subjects are, " Hell, what it is, what it is not, when and where it will be," and "The apostle Paul's most earnest desire : •If by any means I may attain unto the reaurreotion from the dead,'" We notice that questions are invited, and will be answered at the close of tbe lectures. Mr Brown is we understand a believer m " oonditional immortality " and as tbe views be propounds have attracted considerable attention it would be well, we think, if some of these who regard them as dangerously heretical would take advantage of the opportunity offered to put a few leading questions. It would be better still perhaps if either a discussion were arranged or a leoture delivered m reply so that both sides of the question may be fairly presented.

Portions of tha island of Java are" being depopulated through tigers. In 1882 the population of a village m the south-west of the Bantam provinoe was removed and trans* ferred to an island of} the ooaat m consequence of the trouble caused to the people by tigers. These animals have now become an intolerable pest m parts of the same province. The total population is about 600,000, and m 1887 sixty-one were killed by tigers, and m consequence of the dread existing among the people, it has been proposed to deport the inhabitants of the villages most threatened to other parts of the country, where tigers are not so oommon, and where they can pursue their agricultural occupations with a greater degree of security. 4t present they fear to go anywhere near the borders of the forest. The people at present seem disinolined, or they lack the means and courage, to attack and destroy their enemy, although considerable rewards are offered by Government for the destruction of beasts of prey; In 1888 the reward for killing a royal tiger was raised to 200 florins. It appears, also, that the immunity of the tiger is m part due to superatitition, for it is considered wrong to kill one unless he attaoks first or otherwise does injury. Moreover, guns were always very rare m this particular distriot, and, since a rising a few years ago, have been taken away by tbe authorities altogether.

It is stated that, notwithstanding the threatened opposition of the Government, the Channel Tunnel Company will prooeed with the bill which it proposes to bring before Parliament, and take a division upon it this session. It is said that since last year the promoters have received great encouragement to prooeed, particularly from a large number of persons oonneoted with tbe manufaoturjng and oommoroiul centres of England and Soqtland, TJiey have alao (says •' Iron") m many oasds beep promised the support of members of Parliament. The machinery which was used for,boring tbe tunnel is still m the beading, and is periodically set m motion to keep it m order ; but no attempt is made to advance the heading, tholength of whioh measures about 2100 yards. It is now two years' sinoe the" wfakS were stopped, and the tunnel is said to bo bo far impervious to water thaf on an average not more than 400 gallons .has found its way into the pntire beading ip the' course of twenty r four hours. The bbripg operations' for coal near the mouth of the tunnel still oontjnqo and a depth of about 1000 ft bas now been attained, The character of the strata is suoh as to encourage tbe continuation of the operations m the hope of ultimately finding ooal. While the proHeoution of the borings for coal ought to be enoouraged m every way, the earae oannos be reoomnjended tot tha tunnel works, for, m tbp -present qtats of pnbljq opinion, the money spent that way will only be wasted

Mr John Ooombe, ot Wellington, haa made a literary dißCoyery of considerable interest, seeing. tnat it gqea to chow nqw even auoh a past master m literary work as Charles Diokenß waH guilty m his writings of the moat absurd incorjsiqtenpy and fiarejewneaa. We do not remember eyes having seen the discrepancies here referred to alluded to by any writer on DiokenB 1 works, and if they have escaped the notioe of critics up to the present, Mr Ooombe'a disoovery ii as valuable as it is curious. Mr Ooombe, it appears, bas been reading "Dombey and Son," and, it being the (ihird or fpqrth time of his reading that delightful book, ha baßbepn reading it oritioally. Here is tbe result. He has found that on three opoftsions Dickeriß has forgotton that his own creation, Captain Outtlo, had only one sound arro, one of those useful limbs m the captain's ease terminating m a hook. We quote two of the instances referred to: (1) '« 'Clara ahoy, 1 said the Captain, putting a hand to each side of his mouth (2) "Squeezing both the Captain's hands with uncommon fervour as ho said it the old man (Sol (Jills) turned to Florence." The third inatanoe unfortunately, Mr Ooombe did not noto, but ho assures us it is as glaring as the two we have mentioned. It is possible Dome of our readers may have been awara of these defeots m the writing of " Dombey and Son," but we yeuture 1q think they will be read of with surprise by the great bulk of the admirers of Oharloa Diokens'a worka. "Wellington Press,"

At Ohristcburoh on Saturdyy Messrs Matson and Oo offered the Winslow Hotel and the ground on whioh it stand?, by auotion. It was passed m at £630.

Luke Perman was committed for trial at Akaroa on Saturday on a oharga of breaking into the house of Sarah Mundy with 'intent to commit a rape. ■

In tbe Keaident Magistrate's Court this morning, before Major Steward, J.F., Patriok Oashin, for druukemiess, (third appearanoe wiihin six months) was sentenced to seven dayß' imprisonment.

A smell township is springing up m the Nepean distriot of New South Wales. It is to bo called Sovereigntown. This is why. Tha anctionoere are selling allotments m the new settlement for £1 eaoh.

The pronunciation of some fashionable anglo-maniao clergyman is getting to be very much like that of the English olergymen who m reading the passage, »He that hath ears to hear, let him hear," gives it, "He that hath yahs to yah, let nim yah." — American paper. , A Sydney exohange cays :— The Treasury haA6 determined to extend the employment of women m the Civil Service, and have issued to the various departments a circular enquiring as to the possibility of substituting female labor for much of that now performed by the class of "writers."

Alioe Gunn, aged 30, wife of Alfred Gunn, a dealer m patent medicines, was found dead m her room at the Palace Hotel on Sunday morning. She and her husband retired about 1 a.m., and had some words. She lay down on the floor with a pillow under her head. Her husband called her about 10 o'clock and found her dead. A box whioh had contained opium pills was found empty on tbe table.

A meeting of the provisonal direotors of the A^hburton Farmers' Co-operative Association was held on Saturday at 3-30 p.m. at the Arcade Chambers. Mr G. W. Leadley was m the chair and there was a good attendanoe. The interim seoretary reported progress made and it was unanimously resolved that the meeting be adjourned for a fortnight to enable those farmers who had not forwarded applications for shares to do so.

It is reported from Waikato that Te Kooti has already broken through the blue ribbon pledge taken by him while m Auoklaad gaol, and bas disoarded the blue ribbon pinned to his breast by the bands of the Native Minister himself. When a European hinted that he had been imbibing, Te. Kooti replied, "It was all very well to take the pledge when I was m gaol, but when I came up here again I took a pain m my stomaob, whioh oould only be encountered m one way,"

An exchange gives the following as a reoeipt for tomato Bauce, whioh it says is quicker made than by the one recently given m our columns, and voted by all who have tried it to be first-class. " 81bs tomatoeß, loz oloves, 21bs dark sugar, 1 quart vinegar, lib salt, 2ozs black pepper, loz chillies, Jib allspice, 6 large oniona out up, boil together three hours, then beat through a colander with a spoon till nothing is- left but the skins and allipioe."

A rather mixed household is that of tbe Ameer of Afghanistan. He has five legal wives. Number Oae is a grandnieoe of his grandfather. Number Two ia notable chiefly for her weight— three or four hundred pounds. Number Three used to be handmaid to Number Two, and is the mother of the designated heir to the throne. Number Four ;is a daughter of the Dost. She is queen of the harem, and rules her husband m all domestio affairs. Number Five's biography is yet unwritten. The Crawford-Hunter party of Sootoh vooalists will give an entertainment m tbe Oddfellows' Hall on Wednesday evening. The party appeared here some months ago with a oapital programme, and were well received. Since -then they have being doing good business m other parts of the colony. Miss Hunter and Miss Magregor will be re. member ed as oapital exponents of the " auld Sootoh eange," while Mr Crawford as a delineator of Sootoh humor has not many superiors,

Farmers are beginning to evince more inclination to Bell their grain, and a fail quantity of business was done on Saturday. Prices of wheat Bhowed a considerable concession on those demanded a week previously, prime tusoan being sold at 3j 8d to 33 9d, other sorts at 33 6d, mixed lots m proportion, and at these prices buyers had a preference for ftsoan or parcels containing a preponderance of that description. Oats are m strong demand and up to 23 9d has been paid for prime heavy feed and prime milling. It is understood that consignments of new wheat to Sydney have not resulted so favorably to (he shippers as the telegraphed quotations led them to anticipate. Prime milling has sold at 43 6d to 4g 9d ex ship. The annual general meeting of members of the Colonial Mutual Life Assurance Society vaa heldat' their Offices, Melbourne, on March 6th. From the Chairman's addresß it appears that the Society's reoord for the past year has been a history of oontinued and solid progress' The amount assured during. the twelve months of 1887 was £1,469,786, whilst for 1888 the amount was £1,762,821, showing an inorease of close on £300,000. The Society as regards new business ranks third amongst all the large offices founded within the British Empire* The Chairman noted the faot that m the face of the great increase of business the expense ratio had decreased, and that while the Society had obtained a larger amount of business the expense ratio was, say, 2 per oent, less than m the preoeding year, an oxperienoe whioh he was inolined to think was unique. The annual inoome of the office now exoeeds £300,000. The funds are over £860,000, and during the present year may be expected to foot up to one million sterling. The average rate of interest for the year was m excess of 6§ per oent., - The monthly meeting of the Tinwajd Town Board wrb held on Friday, March 29th. Present— Messrs J. Clark (ohairman}, B. Ede, M. Scott, T. Williams, and O. Jephson. A let(ar was received from the County Council aoknowleding reoeipt of the Board's letter ro Reserve 1422. The Surveyor was instructed to notify Bennett and Griffin to finish their contraot of making ford m Graham's Road at once, and that as (hey had failed to part the timber from. the ojd oulvert as agreed, the Board would charge thorn with the cartage of the same. A ford near the Road Board bfljoe wa.B reported to, be m a very bad state. The I Works Committee with the Surveyor were authorised to inspeot and have the neoergary repairs efteoted rb soon as possible. It was resolved, on the motion of Mr Jephson, ! that the County Counoil be requested to have Houston's creek below the railway line sufficiently enlarged to oarry the extra amount of water ttjat is at Dreßen,t running m the oreek. Jt was resolved lo oall for tenders for formation of part MoMurdo street from Graham's road to Johnston street and shingling part of same, 15 yards to the ohain, from Graham's road to Agnes street. it was resolved to form and ebjngle the Yjorefc part of darter terraoe below (Jroye street, *and make the remainder of tne road passable \ tenders to be m by next meeting. After passing Recounts the Board adjourned, The ordinary meeting of the Hampatead School Committee was held on Friday, Present !— Messrs Mayo (ohairman), Johnstone, Orr, Andrews, Lamb and Fawoett. Letters were read from the Board of Eduoa* tion stating that at present it was impossible to make a grant for extension of playground, but that the question would be considered wbep the Board received a further sum for building purposes; that the committee's request for drawing modols would reoeive attention when the Board had deoided on a soheme for the supply of the same ; that there were no funds available for the supply of chemicals ; and that the condition of the master's house would be brought under the notioa of the buildings committee. The master's report, whioh, among other matters, stated that the Btriot average was 286-8, thus entitling the school to another pupil teaohor, and suggesting than on aooount of the time lost at tne beginning of the year the Ejaster holidays should oonsist only of Good Friday and Easter Monday was read and adopted. It was resolved to instruct the police to proceed, under the compulsory olauses of the Education Aot against parents whose children did not attend the requisite number of times* ' It was resolved to write to the father of one of the pupils stating that m consequence of gross mißoonduot the boy will be refused admission to the school m future, and also stating that the mother will be given m obarge of the police should she repeat her former disgraoeful conduot and language on the sohool premises. A quantity of miscellaneous business was transacted and the committee adjourned; _

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LOCAL AND GENERAL Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2103, 8 April 1889

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