The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit. THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 1889. LOCAL AND GENERAL.
Mr Soler wbo has, for some yearß, sacoess fully oarried on vitioulture and wine making at Wanganui, was awarded third prize for red and white wines at tbe Melbourne Exhibition.
A meeting of Masons held at Wanganui carried a resolution m favor of the establishment of a Grand Lodge for New Zealand, provided that oertain latitude be allowed the Lodges with regard to their internal working.
The following sentence is rather puzzling, but, if properly read, will be found stiiotly true : — " If Moses was the son of Pharaoh's daughter, then he was the daughter of Pharaoh's son."
Two gentlemen of Arras reoently purohased for a mere song a couple of sketches belonging to the estate of a late artist. The sketches when bought were oovered with a thiok coating of dust, but on being cleaned were found to be signed by Nicholas Pousein. Art experts have pronounced m favour of the authenticity of the signature, and these two unpretentious drawings are now worth very considerably more than their weight m gold. A terrible accident, resulting m the cremation of two young people, has just occurred at Vermnlles, near Lille. M. Lugne carried on a limekiln with the assistance of bis son, 15 years of age. and a daughter two years older. During bis absence the lad fell into the mouth of the furnaoe, and his sister, m endeavouring to extricate him, aleo fell m. Ten minutes after both their bodies were got out completely carbonised.
According to information from Biarrity, Sir Henry Ponsonby has made it known tbat. the Queen intends to live quite privately— that is to say, she will strictly preserve her incognito, and reoeive but few visitors. Nine superb horses are said to have been bought at Bordeaux for Her Majesty, who proposes to take long driveß. As a mark of speoial regard for Count Gaston de la Roohefoucauld, whose villa she has taken, the Queen has expressed her desire that one of the Count's liveried servants should be always m attendance m the entranoe hall of the villa, among the Queen's footmen.
The Seine Court of Assizes the ol her day sentenced a woman name Adelaide Gallerant to three months' imprisonment, for firing three Bhots from a revolver, at a gardener, who had seduced and afterwards deserted her. In caßea of this kind it is not often that juries m Franoe can be induced to oonviot at all. It is satisfactory, therefore, to find an indioatjop that the usn of the revolver by women, who have, or believe they have wrongs to avenge, is not to be indulged m with impurity. The real solution, however, is to take away from women and girls all excuse for violenoe by giving then legal protection against those who first corrupt and then abandon them.
Our South Rakaia correspondent writes : — For some weeks thie district has been threatened with rain, and wn have had to be oontent with threats. At last the dry spell is broken, and we have bad a splendid rain, causing every one to rejoioe. On Friday afternoon there were a few showers, and a few light ones on Saturday morning. In the afternoon about 4 o'clock, it set m with heavy rain and continued till five on Bunday morn, ing. Sunday was beautifully fine, although somewhat chilly, but during the night we bad heavy rain, and one or two hailstorms. Monday and Tuesday were showery, and on both nights we had heavy rain. To-day is fine, and there is every appearance of a break m the storm. Already the pasture lands show a slight growth, and turnips look muob refreshed. In many caaea the rain has come too late to benefit the latter crop.
A Gallo-Roman Museum will shortly be opensd at Paris m the ruins of tbe Emperor Julian's Palace, beside the Musee Cluny. Jt will contain many stone coffins, mosaioe, oarvJQgs pf yarjpus kinds, columns, and friezes, and will form the riobeat eo'peot'ion of the kind m France. The remains to be exhibited will date from the middle of the 4th century until the time when Gaul relapsed into barbarism under theFrankish Monarchy. A mosaio of great Bize and rare beauty, whioh was found at Lunel on th^Cher, shows bow Ueltio taste began to predominate over Roman art towards tbe time of the Frankish conauest. The Gallo-Roman altar sacred to Jupiter, which was found under the ohanoel offNotre Dame, with Pruidipal emblenis prove the presence of the two styles, Thia altar' ia a «sngle block of etone of great eiao, m the form ol !!?? oayltal of a pillar. Faoing it is a statue of tho Emperor f"all»— .
The annual statistioa published by the " Colonial Administration " with regard to the progress of the Prenoh oolonies during the past year show that the population was 20,958,550, of whom 19,864.214 are m the Inda-Ohinepo peninsula. This is exclusive of the 3,910,399 inhabitants of Algeria and the 2,100,000 of Tunis, bo that altogether the total may be put at 26,968,949, as compared with 38,218,903 m France itself. For the firet time the trade of Annam and Tonquin are included m the tables, but the return is not a very satisfactory one, as scarcely an eighth part of the imports and exports, amoupt}ng m all to £2,000,000, were carried under tba Frenoh flag. Things are not better m Oochin China, as lees than a tenth of the imports and the exports, amounting to over £1,800,000 wero French. In Martinique, Guadaloupe and one or two other colonies the proportion is muoh larger, but the diagrams all show that the comparative value of Prepoh goods imported from France into the colonies has [ undergone a considerable decrease during the last ten years. The regular monthly meeting of the Upper Ashburicn Iluad Board waft held m the Board'a Office, Tinwald, on Maroh 2gtb. Present — Messrs McLean (chairman), Harper, and Sargent. The following correspondence was read : — fl) From Mount Hutt Road Board asking the Board to inform them of the respective acreages and rateable values of agricultural and pastoral lands m the district. Tho Olerk was instructed to reply that there is a copy of the roll at the County Council Office, which they can examine and get the required information. (2) From the Aoting Beßident Engineer, New Zealand Railways, Christchuroh, acknowledging receipt of letter re tho removal of level croHßing near Winslow, and stating that the matter would be enquired into. The Clerk was instructed to write to the Resident Engineer and aek m the event of the railway authorities agreeing to remove the oroßEing, what would be the cost to the Board. The Clerk's report was read and adopted. The matter of clearing Btpnes off the Alford Forest and Winchmoro roads was left m the hands of Mr Stitt, r>H was also that of the culvert at Digby'a Bridge. Acoountß amounting to £77 6a 3d was passed for payment and the Beard adjourned.
Brisbane has sent her first instalment of £500 to the Parnell defenoe fund.
The " Dunedin Evening Heraid " gives it as an on dit that should Sir W. F. D. Jervois return to New Zealand and settle down m the colony, he will probably take up hia residence at Bushy Park, near Paltnerston.
There was a serious blunder m tho figures of emigration for February, published last week. The departures from the colony were 1228, and not 2228, and the balanoe m favor of the colony was forty-six souls .
The expenses of the United Charitable Aid Board for North Canterbury for the last finanoial year wore over £16,000. The amount required from the local bodies for next year is £8036.
There are 3690 dairy cows m the county of Waitaki, but this number is largely exceeded m several other counties. For m Btanoe, m Selwyn the number ia 11,499, m Ashley 5771 ; m Geraldine, 4715 ; m Waikouaiti, 4276 ; and m Taieri 5919.
Out Australian oablegrams contain the news that Californian wheat is quoted m the Sydney market at 4a lOd to ss. Fifteen hundred tons of a shipment of 2000 tons, 41 expected m June," have already been plaoed at 5s per bushel.
The Taranaki Eduoation Board eleottons resulted m the return of Miss Heywood at the head of the list, Mr Andrews second, and there waa a tie between Mrs H, R. Richmond and Mr Hnloombe* By 6 to 1 the Board decided m favor of Mrs Richmond. The " News " says that this may be taken as an indioation that after three years' experience the present Board are oonvinoed tbat the experiment of a mixed Board has proved a success.
At the meeting of the Charitable Aid Board at Christohuroh yesterday the Bum oi £1200 was voted for the Ashburton Home. This includes an amount for providing new iron bedsteads. The Ashburton Committee reoommended the following tenders, wbioh were accepted :— Bread, groceries andmedioal comforts, H. Zander ; meat, J, Tasker ; milk, W. Greenslade ; drugs, 0. M. Brooke ; fuel, J;Restell; olothing, R. Alcorn; boots, Ohisnall and Stewart ; interments, T. Gates. No satisfactory tender for supply of potatoes had been reoeived.
The " Southland Times " notes the return of Professor Black from Tasmania whither he has been to make enquiries into tbe tinmining industry. The Professor says that he has travelled throughout Tasmania and inspected every bit of tin-bearing country m tbat island, and what he has seen only oonfirms his confidence m the Stewart Island dieooverieß. With the exception of Mount Bisohoff, he says, they have nothing over there equal to what has been found at Pegasus, The pro's iaor brings back with him four experienced Tasmanian tin miners whose praotioal knowledge will probably be of good servioe m ascertaining the preoiße value of the Port Pegaaus deposits.
In support of the assertion that the present drought is the severest felt since New South Wales was known muoh of by Europeans, the following information has been Bupplied to the preßs by one of the oldest residents of Richmond :— Baker's Lagoon on the Hobartville Estate is now totally dry, though m ordinary seasons tbe water is from 20 feet to 80 feet deep m the middle. Quantities of fish are lying dead m the mud, and the smell is siokening, This lagoon was known to be dry m the great drought of 1637, whioh is on record as the severest ever experienced. Flour was £100 per ton at Goulburn, and at Hay £80 per ton, m that year. Baker's Lagoon is supplied entirely with water from an arm of the Hawkesbpry, and some idea may be formed of tbe low oondition of the latter from the fact tbat the lagoon i Enow perfectly dry.
The following is from the Queenslander of a reoent date:— "Two deaths from thirst ooourred m ..the bush 'laßt week — one a shepherd on Nive Junction, the other 'an old man named Head, who died about four miles from the Ticklemon mail stage. Nothing has sinoe boon heard of the misaing billiard market, Fitzherbert, who started to walk from Adavale to Obarleville. He is generally believed to be dead as no man could go 24 hours without water m this hot weather. Papers that belong to him show that he is well connected, and hed been trained for the law. Tbe paperb indicate that, his brother ib Crown Solicitor of New Zealand and that the deoeased was a nephew to Sir William Fitzherbert, barrister, lately of New Zealand. Deceased's father, who is dead, was a wellknown barrister of Devon, England."