LOCAL AND GENERAL.
Of 26,000 criminals arrested m Paris 16,000 had not attained the age of 20.
The entire type m a reoent issue of the " Hartford Post " was set by maohinery. Mr Thomas Peacock, M.H.R. for Ponsonby, left for Scotland via America by the last San Francisco mail. .
Prince Bismarck's son William will enter upon bis duties as President of Hanover on February 15th. Mr Quaue, the Secretary of the Ashburton Acclimatisation Society, has received an \ intimation from the Government that tbe shooting season will not open till April 18th. It will close as usual on July 31st: A gentleman has been attending dances with a pedometer m his pocket, and he finds that the average distance traversed during - an evening of twenty-two dances is thirteen miles and a half. Mr W. R. Darling reports to the "North Otago Times " the sale of eeveral thousand sacks of wheat at a price equal to 4s m Oamaru, sacks 7d extra. He has also had enquiries for other large lines at the above figure. A Swedish soientist claims to have discovered tbe secret of artificially petrifying wood, by which means he believes edifioes may be built of .wood; and converted into stone. At present the cost is about £100 per cubic inoh, so that the discovery does not promise an immediate revolution m building. We are (glad to see that the Government has very wisely postponed the Canterbury Buns sale from tbe 29. h April to the 30th May (not the 20th as stated by the "Lyttelton Times"). This will give time to enable the due oonsideratipn of "suggestions with reference to the revision of the classification. ; Magistrate — « Murphy, you are drunk again 1 " Murphy — " Yesh, your-ronor'" Magistrate — "Didn't you promise me solemnly when I let you off last time, that you would never get drunk again ? " Murphy — " Yesh, your-ronor ; but I wush drunk at the time. I wasn't 'sponsible for what I said." The Paris Museum possesses the hugest of the mammoths inihe shape of an elephant's skeleton, 13' feet high and 22'feet'long;. * The 'great St. Petersburgh mammoth, which was found entire at the mouth of the Lena some ninety years ago, and with its flesh preserved, is only 11 feet high, but it is remarkable for the remains of hair still left on the skin. , : - The " Auoklan,d Herald ") Bays ttiat by th Rotomabana there was forwarded to Sydne? one of tbe largest consignments of butte which have been exported for some time* There were altogether 400 oases and 645 kegs m tbe shipment, about half of which was sent away by the New Zealand Dairy Association, while the greater portion of the balance was on account of several well-known shippers. The Welsh newspapers announce that the analysis by the London assayista of the quartz now being stacked at the Ogofan Gold Mine, Llandovery, shows Batiefaotory results, a considerable quantity yielding 6oz of gold yet ton of quartz. Upwards of 300 tons of quartz are stacked at tbe mine awaiting stamping operations. . A new company Jjbb been formed, and land . is leased from' Sir James Hill- Johnes, X.0.8. . Edmona Lewis, soulptor, is coloredff Qver. coming the prejudioe. against her ccx; and color, and self-educated, Mies Lewis id now successfully pursuing her profession m Italy. Only one another oolqred lady ever gained distinction m the fine arts; that was the singer who called herself " The Black Swan," who flourished about fifteen years ago.. There haß never been an authoress or aotress of color beyond the merest tyro, but no one* oan predict what the future may hold for oolored people.
We learn from the " Temuka Leader " that a 'meeting of fruit growers iB called for the 30th instant at Geraldine for the purpose of devising some means of abating the blaokbiid and other small birds nuisanoe. Owing io tbe-fllpep proximity to the bush and the pate' at wbidi the blackbirds are increasing they are becoming a veritable error to the gardeners about Geraldine, who find that it is almost impossible to grow fruit of any description, either large or small, m aonaequence of the raids made by these pestß.
Mr S. O. Farr (sayß the "Lyttejton Times ") bas received information from the Colonial Seoretary that the Government hai deoided not to open the shooting season till April 18. This notification has' been duly gazetted, and the ; f oil penaUiga : for apv breaoh of .the . regalatiQns wfll be enforced The ,delay ;has been "^UBeii: through the representation made by several 'Acclimatisation Societies respecting the deficiency of native game. The season will close pn July 81 as usual! * * : '
The Auckland correspondent of the "Qtago Witness 0 writes; — The opponents of the totalisator m this distriot are once mere marshalling their forces m order to make an onslaught on the machine at the next session of Parliament, and after several conversations that I have had. with members of the House on 'the subject it has been made very clear to me that those who have formed the opinjop that the mecbanioal bookmaker .is safe for many years to come are making a mistake. Insofar- as keeping oountry meetings m oheok, it is quite dear that the recent rules laid down by the metropolitan oluba on the subject have not altogether met the evil, and two members of the House, who have hitherto I supported '■, the retention of tlje machine are pow prepared to recdrd their votes' in favour of its abolition, op. frje giound that these country meetipgto are a perfeot curse to the. community. - . .
The' repeal of the deoree of banishment against the gallant and accomplished Duo d'Aumale has been approved by the Chamber of Deputies, and will m all probability become unfait accompli. It is only three years ago. that he and all bis family quitted French soil, exiled by the v>7iase of the Republio whioh now calls him bapk. (3inpe that ho bap resided m England, As heir or the great house of Oonde he possesses an ample fortune. He owns a beautiful seat on the banks of the Thames, near Twickenham, and a fine estate m Worcestershire, where he ocoupies much of his time as a.praotioal agrioulturißt. He his also the owner of a superb collection of works of art, and not long ago bought from the ' family of Lord Dudley "The Three Graces," a little picture by Raphael, for the enormous sum of 25,000 guineas. Soon after his banishment from France he presented tbe nation with his chateau of Ohantilly with all the priceless treasures it contained, including numerous works by tije old masters and a library of 200,000 volumes. The Duke is 6'f years of age, and the fourth son of the la to King Louis Philippe-— ''New Zealand Herald."
There are few natural products which yield lees to eoonomio eoience than Beaweeds. In the old times it is possible they yielded more, but we are no longer dependent upon them for our alkalis. True, they yield the valuable modern necessaries to chemists, photographers, and medicine, of bromide, iodine, eto. Now, we have news from Mr F.Nettieford that he bas obtained an aoid from sea* weed called alginio aoid, This he subjeots to a nitrating prooeßs, and thereby obtains a light yellow substance, insoluble m water, but which by treatment with alkalis yields a brown solution. This alkaline solution is all the better if the alkali used is ammonia. It will then dyp ootyon directly, without any mordant, a fine rich "BiamaroU brpwn." whioh will reaiat the action of coda, an 4 la said to be superior to some of the aniline colours. The depth of shade 'is very conBiderable and possesses great intensity. The pewest seaweed dye differs from the aniline dyes m having little affinity for wool or other animal fibres, but it aots immediately and permanently on vegetable fibreß and oellulogel It is always a pleasant thing to think that we are able to turn the world's waßte to profit, and the above discovery indicates that the vaet accumulation of seaweed on our Bborea may ere long be turned to profitable aacount by chemists and dyers.
They have been experimenting with a new powder at Yonne. It increases the velocity of the bullet one-fifth ; it is smokeless, and can bfi steeped m water for twenty-four hours without incurring the slightest damage. The principal drawing-room at Buckingham Palace is being splendidly redeoorated m blue and gold, from designs selected by the Queen and Princess Beatrice. This imposing room is next to the ball-room, and there is a charming view of tbe palace grounds from the windows. It contains some exceedingly fine family portraits by! Gainsborough.
A powerful disinfectant, adapted to all purposes, has been obtained m Paris from coal oil. It is a syrupy brown liquid of a not disagreeable odour, resulting from a peculiar saponifioation of the oil by a oa'usti'o soda. It destroys moss .and fungus on trees, and sponging with a weak solution keeps' flies from horses, -...-. .>..-. .n— >.-, -'-.-.: ■ ; . .-•• • •*.•— ' ■--
A Oentral news telegram from Brussels says :— During an outdoor meeting of Social' ists held here recently the Queen of the Belgians happened to drive past m her oarriage, and was loudly hissed by the demonstrators, one of whom, an Anarohist named Gille, also yelled out, "Down with the Austrian " For this public insult to Her Majesty, Gille was put upon his trial, foand guilty, sentenced to six months' imprisonr meat, and ordered to pay a fine of 300 franca.
In the year 1005 some soldiers of the commonwealth of Modenaran away with a buoke l from a public well belonging to the State o* Bologna. This vessel might be worth a shilling, but it produoed a quarrel which was worked up into a long and bloody war. Henry, the King of Sardinia, assisted the Modenese to keep possession of the bucket, and m one of the battles he was made prisoner. His father, the Emperor, offered a chain of gold that would enoirole Bologna for his son's ransom; but' in vain.
Many people besides farmers (writes the " Timaru Herald ") take a lively interest m the price of wheat. It must be admitted that this year the price ought to be gauged by the Sydney market, and to enable anyone to reckon what wheat should be worth here, it is peoeßsary ta.< allow/ for shipping, and sale charges. Thene, an expert says, amount to about ;'Bd/per bushel. .This rnqrning New Zealand wheat is quoted m Sydney at 5b 2d, and m Timaru at 4a. Now 4a for the wheat, and 8d for carriage and sale are only 4s 8d ; what is become of the other 6d? If the expert is right as to the coat of shipping wheat to. Sydney, our farmers ought to get 4s 6d per bushel.
A man aged 35, well educated and highly oonneoted, who was oonvioted of stealing an umbrella, the property of the Great Western Railway Company, and of obtaining by false pretences the sum of £2, with intent to defraud, and upon whom tbe judgment of the Oourt bad been respited, was placed m the dook at the Middlesex Sessions. During the trial it transpired that the prisoner had inherited £25,000, that he fell into the hands of card sharpers and gamblers, and within a few months was reduced to beggary. After a statement fcom counsel, -His . Lordship allowed tbe defendant to go at large with a view of carrying out a suggestion — whioh had been made by his friends — of sending him 'abroad., v -
Enormous is the progress made m the adoption of eleptrioal appliances m the tJnUea; Stateawithih the last ye>r. >There is a ojty lexqltirig iv the,^natae of *Borah"pn,; on the other "side of Philadelphia, whioh has only been m existence aB a oity for 28 years, and now has a population of 95,000. It oaljs itself " The Eleotrio Oity." Not only are all: i|B streets lighted and most of its maohioery driven by this power, but all its street oars are run by the eleotro-motors. Tke patents for 'inoandespent .lighting scarcely go baok a dozen years, yet to-day there are actually m use m the United States the enormous number of 3,000,000' inoandesaent lamps, while the oontraots already made and partially exeopted amount to almoat double that number. Not only will horses very soon be replaoed by eleotrioity oh the tram lines, but there is every reason to believe that the c|pder-drop-ping, bilge-dripping looomotive will be supplanted on the elevated railway by the Julien electro-Storage .system, which has proved so successful with the Daft motor on the Fourth avenue surface line. Eleotrioity is so wonderfully, aggressive that it-is difßoult to say into what new fields it may not push itself , before the olose of the new year.— New York oorreß*
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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2094, 25 March 1889
LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2094, 25 March 1889
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